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1. As I read this week’s lesson, from my understanding the three causes and risks factors to poverty, homelessness, and teen pregnancy is low education, low income, and abuse/neglect. Over the long term, children who are abused or neglected are also at increased risk for experiencing future violence victimization and perpetration, substance abuse, sexually transmitted infections, delayed brain development, lower educational attainment, and limited employment opportunities. (

Fast Facts: Preventing Child Abuse & Neglect |Violence Prevention|Injury Center|CDC

, 2022) Parents who have babies as teens have a difficult time being able to parent and continue their education, which causes them to drop out. A lot of jobs require a high school diploma or GED. Without either one of those it’s hard to obtain a job, that in turn contributes to a lack of income. When there isn’t consistent income, it makes it difficult to provide for your family which may lead to inadequate living conditions. Unfortunately, it can become a repeated cycle. The one thing that I feel is the common factor for all three is abuse. When there is abuse or violence in the home, children are looking to escape from it. As the lesson stated this week there are several reasons why children run away, abuse being one of the reasons. (

Homelessness and Runaway | Youth.gov

, n.d.) When they run away some of them don’t have anywhere to go, so they make the streets their new home. It’s a difficult situation for a lot of them because they have to do whatever they can to survive. As a society we have to first avoid turning a blind eye to these issues. In order to deal with these issues, we need to have more available resources to help those in need. All of these issues derive from poverty and the main cause of poverty is the lack of resources for families and individuals that fall below a certain tax bracket. An example of this is a community developing rapid economic growth policies and programs that target the lack of resources for those who can’t afford them. These policies should render to areas like that of health, sanitation, education, nutrition and minimum income wage. Studies show that a 10 percent increase in a country’s average income reduces poverty by as much as 20-30 percent (

10 Ways to Reduce Poverty in the World

, 2017). The amount of people impoverished could possibly decrease if every country cared enough about the needs of everyone and more fortunate countries would implement programs that help provide for the less fortunate countries.

2. Poverty is an exceptionally complicated social phenomenon, and trying to discover its causes is equally complicated. The stereotypic explanation persists-that the poor cause their own poverty- based on the notion that anything is possible in America. Some theorists have accused the poor of having little concern for the future and preferring to “live for the moment”. The real trouble has to do with such problems as minimum wages and lack of access to the education necessary for obtaining a better-paying job. The effects of poverty are serious. Children who grow up in poverty suffer more persistent, frequent, and severe health problems than children who grow up in better circumstances. Children raised in poverty tend to miss school more, have a higher rate of accidents, twice as likely to have impaired vision and hearing, iron deficiency, and higher than normal lead levels in their blood, which can impair brain function. Homelessness and poverty are totally linked. When individuals or families are unable to generate enough income to pay for housing, food, childcare, healthcare, and education, necessities with a high cost sometimes fall to the wayside. Difficult choices must be made when limited resources cover only some of these necessities. Often it is housing, which absorbs a high proportion of income that must be dropped. With unemployment rates remaining high, jobs are hard to find. Even if people can find work, this does not automatically provide an escape from poverty. Poverty has a dual dynamics in teenage pregnancy. Being a determining factor as well as a consequence of teenage pregnancy, many of the individual and environmental risks factors that are factors of teenage pregnancy may be tied into experiences of poverty. Climbing out of poverty is difficult for anyone, perhaps because, at its worst, poverty can become a self-perpetuating cycle. Children of poverty are at an extreme disadvantage in the job market; in turn, the lack of good jobs ensures continued poverty.

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