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Please respond to Austine with 200 worda In your response, explain whether you would do anything differently.

The answer would definately be dependent upon what the violation is at hand. If we are talking building code violations, the best five ways to overcome them would be to:

Anticipate potential violations. The best way to overcome a building code violation is to stop it before it starts.

Understand the violation

Fix the violation at hand before it becomes worse

Work around the violation. Not my first choice.

Work with an expert to avoid or fix the violations.

This is a list that any facility owner should use for instructions on how to overcome building code violations.

UNIT IV STUDY GUIDE
Inspection Procedures
Course Learning Outcomes for Unit IV
Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:
1. Examine the interrelationship of regulatory practices in fire prevention.
1.1 Identify the components of a thorough inspection.
1.2 Explain the right of entry and case laws.
1.3 Explain how the inspector should conduct the inspection of an occupancy.
8. Outline strategies to bring unsafe structures into compliance with proper fire codes.
8.1 Discuss the importance of the exit interview.
8.2 Explain how to report a code violation and ensure compliance.
Course/Unit
Learning Outcomes
1.1
1.2, 8.1, 8.2
1.3
Learning Activity
Unit Lesson
Chapter 5
Article: “How to Comply with Your Annual Fire Inspection”
Video: Fire Inspection-Inspection Ride a Long.m4v
Unit IV Essay
Unit Lesson
Chapter 5
Unit IV Essay
Unit Lesson
Chapter 5
Video: Fire Inspection-Inspection Ride a Long.m4v
Unit IV Essay
Required Unit Resources
Chapters 5: Fire Safety Inspection Procedures
In order to access the following resources, click the links below:
Frangiamore, K. (2009). How to comply with your annual fire inspection. https://www.buildings.com/articledetails/articleid/8139/title/how-to-comply-with-your-annual-fire-inspection
The fire inspection video below will provide you with a comprehensive overview of the inspection process
discussed in this unit. This video will provide you with an additional perspective as compared to the video in
the suggested unit resources. It is critical that the fire inspector be systematic, comprehensive, and
professional yet friendly.
City of Arvada. (2010, March 2). Fire inspection-inspection ride a long.m4v [Video]. YouTube.
https://c24.page/n6nfrmecbwjs3j5t9hx625vfcw
A transcript and closed captioning are available once you access the video.
FIR 4311, Fire Prevention and Code Enforcement
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Unit Lesson
UNIT x STUDY GUIDE
Title
Introduction
This lesson will introduce you to the inspection process. While at face value the process can seem like a
simple act, many safety issues, as well as legal, political, and compliance steps must be addressed for
successful compliance operationally. In previous units, you should have gained an understanding of the
history of fire prevention, the pillars that make up the fire prevention division and their associated
responsibilities, as well as code development processes. Now that we have covered those topics, we will
begin to discuss the fire inspection process at length.
Fire Inspections
The first step in the fire inspection process is knowing the fire inspector’s role. Fire prevention inspections are
critical to ensuring the safety of our communities and are vital to the success of any organization. You may
think that this will not apply to you, but this all relates to the safety of your daily routine. Every aspect of fire
prevention applies to daily life in each community. The fire code is just one of many parts that allow your
community to prosper, but more importantly, it allows the fire service to be safe and able to go home after an
incident that impacts your community.
Have you thought about or wondered why your roads are built the way they are built? Do you wonder why
certain buildings are built to different standards? The fire codes, along with the many other codes, affect all
construction features. If the fire code did not address certain functions, roads would be built more restrictively
and access would be limited, which would jeopardize safety. By the very nature of their duties, firefighters
must be prepared to face a virtually limitless number of response situations. Unfortunately, firefighters are
sometimes killed when they attempt to conduct a level of operations for which the individual or the
organization is not prepared.
One of the most important considerations when discussing the impact and success of fire inspections is the
importance of fire codes and how they affect inspectors. In an article by Frangiamore (2009), it is noted that
there seems to be a negative view about the fire and life safety inspection process, but these inspections
benefit the safety of the community by offering the following items listed below.
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Safer working and living environments
Safer community buildings
Business and job security
Up to 80 percent of all small businesses that experience a large fire never reopen wihich results in the
loss of jobs. Of the businesses that do reopen, many lose much of their customer base.
Improved resale value in buildings
It is commonplace for buyers to hire a company to inspect the building prior to purchasing it to identify
potential hidden costs related to fire and life safety.
A possible reduction in insurance premiums
Many insurance carriers give businesses premium reductions for properly installed and maintained
fire-protection systems.
These are some great points for fire inspectors to take with them as they discuss the importance of fire
inspection with their stakeholders.
Fire Inspection Process Basics
According to Love and Robertson (2015), the inspection process includes multiple phases, including those in
the graphic below: preparation, permission to inspect, the inspection, correcting on-the-spot violations,
inspection findings, the report and exit interview, and rescheduling and conducting inspections.
FIR 4311, Fire Prevention and Code Enforcement
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UNIT x STUDY GUIDE
Title
Today, most departments use technology, like resource management systems, to assist in the fire inspection
process. Resource management systems are used to:
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track occupancy information
create pre-fire plans,
track sprinkler tests,
track plans review process
schedule inspections,
report inspections,
track violations,
report overdue inspections or violations,
send emails to building owners of the results via email and;
perform billing.
Preparation for Inspection
According to Love and Robertson (2015), inspection is a key function in the enforcement of fire laws and
regulations. “Duties of the fire prevention inspector call for knowledge and competency that can be acquired
only through proper training and education in code requirements and inspection procedures” (p. 85). One of
the most critical parts of conducting the inspection is all in the preparation of the inspector. Preparation is key
to handling owner complaints, answering questions on correction and mitigation, understanding unique
challenges with business operations, what codes apply to the occupancy and more. When preparing for an
inspection consider reviewing the following items listed below.
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Your local master fee schedule
Current codes that apply to the occupancy both new and existing
Typical hazards associated with that occupancy
Understand why those hazards need to be addressed by following fire code
Alarms or fires at that occupancy since last inspection and the reason
Past inspection violations and what was done to correct the deficiency
Any current open violations
Any permits for renovation or construction
Any annual test results (sprinkler, fire pump, alarm, etc.).
The most current pre-fire plan information
Love and Robertson, (2015) noted that
If another inspector made the previous inspection, it may be necessary to confer with that individual
to ensure a clear understanding of all items listed in the inspection report. If the inspector going out
on the job finds some previously reported items confusing, the property owner is also most likely to
have difficulty understanding what is meant. (p. 88)
FIR 4311, Fire Prevention and Code Enforcement
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Additionally, the fire inspector should dress appropriately to represent the agency
performGUIDE
any work
UNITand
x STUDY
associated with the type of inspection. For example, in agricultural areas where
there is a company that
Title
recycles meat and trimmings, it may be appropriate for the inspector to wear more personal protective
equipment to reduce the chances of contracting blood-borne pathogens and contamination rather than
wearing a department Class B or other uniform type. There has also been discussion on whether to wear
department-issued uniforms or civilian clothes to an inspection and each have their pros and cons when it
comes to how inspectors are perceived by the owner and occupants in the performance of their duties.
Regardless, what the inspector wears in the preparation of an inspection should be a consideration. A
prepared inspector will make sure they have all of the required equipment on hand to perform any tests or
check all relevant areas. In the past, it would be traditional for an inspector to carry a notebook, clipboard,
recorder, or computer to make notes of all findings during the inspection; however, now it is becoming more
common for inspectors to do all of these things on a tablet of some type and report immediately after
concluding the inspection.
Identification and Permission to Inspect
When calling to schedule an inspection make sure to explain what type of inspection you will be performing
and try to be as specific as possible. If you will be conducting an inspection on a business and you will be
inspection systems or required tests of other equipment say so in your conversation and what will take place
so the owner does not feel uninformed or caught off guard.
If other people will be required to be present during the inspection, notify them in advance and allow for a
reasonable amount of time to schedule. If possible, ask about any other required inspection that may be due
such as other safety or health inspections that may allow collaborate of agencies to save the owner time. Now
that we have discussed the proper steps to prepare for and schedule the inspection, let’s provide an overview
of the inspection process.
Conducting the Inspection
When conducting the inspection, it is traditional for the inspector to start on the exterior with a 360-degree
view of the structure including the roof. If the building is multiple stories, the inspector usually will start with the
roof and make their way down. In cases where there is heavy manufacturing or processing, the inspector may
follow the manufacturing process. The fire inspection should be organized, systematic, and methodical. The
inspector should either be scheduled or notify the owner when arriving for inspection. After meeting and
discussing many of the items in the preparation phase, the inspector may choose to start the inspection in any
of the means mentioned above.
Sources of ignition that are frequently responsible for fires include electrical arcs and sparks, lightning, static
electricity, friction through grinding, polishing, cutting, and drilling operations, various types of chemical
reactions, and open flames. Many other sources exist, including improper heating devices, smoking, and use
of torches (Love & Robertson, 2015, p. 90). Sources of ignition are present in most occupancies. Depending
on the occupancy the fire inspector may have to check a variety of issues that may include but not limited to
the following items listed below.
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Fire suppression systems
Fire alarms systems
Water distribution or supply
Fire pumps
Fire department access
Building construction features
HVAC systems, specifically; operations, dampers, detection, etc.
Electrical both fixed and portable
Exit access, egress, discharge
Fire doors
Fire rating of construction materials
Penetrations in fire walls, ceilings, etc.
Extinguishers
Safety issues such as; machine guarding, eye stations, hazard communication requirements, etc.
FIR 4311, Fire Prevention and Code Enforcement
4
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UNIT x STUDY GUIDE
Housekeeping such as storage issues or items blocking doors or aisles
Storage (height, width, what)
Title
Flammable storage or other hazardous materials
Correcting Violations During the Inspection
Many times, there are minor violations that can be corrected on the spot. If this is the case, the inspector
should work with the owner/representative to correct the issue. Some issues that may be corrected on the
spot include compressed gas cylinders that are not secured, high piles of storage, blocked exits, sprinkler
intrusion by storage, extension cord use, etc. Love and Robertson (2015) recommend that the inspector,
“should be aware of any diversionary tactics used to keep him or her out of certain areas. . . . . The motivation
for attempts to reroute the inspector is not necessarily avoidance of hazardous conditions but may be a desire
to keep secret certain proprietary processes, machinery, or research work” (p. 90).
In the case of a serious hazard or one that cannot be fixed immediately, the inspector will note the violation in
their report and schedule a follow-up visit. In the case that the violation presents a direct hazard to workers or
occupants, the fire marshal or inspector may close the business until the issue can be corrected. In some
cases, alternative protection methods can be established that meet the fire inspector’s intent and protection of
occupants until a permanent fix is required.
Inspection Findings and Exit Interview
At the conclusion of the inspection, the inspector should sit down with the owner/representative to discuss the
findings, what the next steps will be if there were violations found, and what the cost or consequences would
be if these violations were not corrected. The inspector should discuss the findings with a representative who
has the authority to fix the issues or delegate the corrections to be made. During the discussion, the inspector
should make sure not to discuss requirements of which they are unsure. They should let them know that they
will research the appropriate solution/code and follow up. Any changes in the report should be communicated
immediately to the business with an opportunity for follow pup questions or dialogue if needed.
Re-inspection and How to Enforce Compliance
Most jurisdictions have procedures that must be followed to schedule a re-inspection of the occupancy to
ensure compliance with any code violation. These violations should be indicated in the final report and sent to
the building owner. Signatures are almost always required at the time of the visit to confirm the results by both
the owner and the inspector. The inspector should note the time of the re-inspection and the expectations of
compliance. Depending on the jurisdiction, a fee will be charge for re-inspections or if the re-inspection is
found to still be in violation. The requirement to fix the violation will usually be assigned a specific number of
days for completion of work to address the violation. The amount of time in between depends on the
seriousness of the violation and the function of the occupancy.
Summary
The ultimate goal is to ensure the owner improves the facility from a fire safety standpoint rather than the
imposition of fines or other punitive measures be assessed to the owner (Love & Robertson, 2015). Many
times there will be a layered process of inspections, correction timelines, and fines that give owners the ability
to work hand and hand with the fire department to fix the fire safety issues with the least impact to the
community and the owner. As Love and Robertson (2015) stated, “providing meetings, workshops, and
regular communication for the occupancy managers and staff can effectively clarify expectation, increasing
voluntary compliance and potentially reducing the need for enforcement efforts” (p. 77). You should
understand building construction, occupancy classification, and the general fire safety provisions for a firesafe community.
References
Frangiamore, K. (2009). How to comply with your annual fire inspection. https://www.buildings.com/articledetails/articleid/8139/title/how-to-comply-with-your-annual-fire-inspection
FIR 4311, Fire Prevention and Code Enforcement
5
Love, M. T., & Robertson, J. C. (2015). Robertson’s introduction to fire prevention
ed.). Pearson.
UNIT(8th
x STUDY
GUIDE
Title
Suggested Unit Resources
In order to access the following resources, click the links below.
These videos provide a brief overview of the fire inspector and code-making process:
Watson, W. (2014, March 4). Authority of the fire inspector [Video]. YouTube.
https://c24.page/vye4ze3zavvfpyzk9santzjd3z
A transcript and closed captioning are available once you access the video.
This video will give you an introduction to the four types of water-based fire protection systems. As an
inspector, it is necessary that you become an expert regarding systems as most occupancies have some type
of fire protection system.
FM Global. (2014, November 13). Know more risk: Four types of water based sprinkler systems [Video].
YouTube. https://c24.page/jsrqsq4j2s2qg39f2dfy5xqg6g
A transcript and closed captioning are available once you access the video.
The fire inspection video below will provide you with a comprehensive overview of the inspection process
discussed in this unit. This video will provide you with additional information on fire inspections. It is essential
that the fire inspector be systematic, comprehensive, and professional, yet friendly.
TellWesterville. (2016). Fire inspections [Video]. YouTube. https://c24.page/w6zddphs9cynyh9tnep46nzurp
A transcript and closed captioning are available once you access the video.
FIR 4311, Fire Prevention and Code Enforcement
6

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