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BIOL180 Annotated Bibliography Template
Course Number:
Presentation Topic (Species Common and Scientific Names):
Source #1
(in APA format)
Source #2
(in APA format)
Sources are from journals, books, or websites and
based on current and credible scientific work directly
or indirectly and are written in APA reference list
Sample Annotated Bibliography Entry:
M. Wilson, R. O’Hanlon, S. Prasad, A. Deighan, P. MacMillan, D. Oxborough,
R. Godfrey, G. work either Smith, A. Maceira, S. Sharma, K. George, G.
Whyte. (2011). Diverse patterns of myocardial fibrosis in lifelong, veteran
endurance athletes. Journal of Applied Physiology, 110 (6), 1622-1626 DOI:
The authors of this original study reported on morphological characteristics of
the hearts, evaluated using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), of twelve lifelong endurance athletes between the ages of 50 and 67 and compared their
observations with 20 non-endurance athletes ages 52-69 and with seventeen
younger endurance athletes between 26 and 40 years of age. They
hypothesized that life-long veteran endurance athletes develop structural
changes to their hearts that may have adverse effects and place them at
higher risk for cardiac events. Their findings supported this hypothesis in that
significant differences were observed in the images obtained between the
three groups.
The Journal of Applied Physiology is published by the American Physiological
Society and is considered a leading publication in the field of physiology
research. The lead author is Dr. Mathew G. Wilson, Department of Sports
Medicine, ASPETAR, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha,
Qatar. Dr. Wilson has extensive experience testing athletes and over 60
publications. Dr. Wilson is also a high-level endurance athlete himself
providing him with direct experience and deeper insight into this issue. There
are no conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise, are declared by the
Below is an example of another source used for the paper for
comparison (annotation not included):
Benito, B. et.al.. (2011) Cardiac Arrhythmogenic Remodeling in a Rat Model
of Long-Term Intensive Exercise Training. Circulation 123, 13-22.
doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.1 10.938282
Use proper
terminology and
be sure to
proofread for
writing errors.
The summary is
approximately 4-6
sentences including a
topic sentence stating
the main topic of the
source, whether the
source is original
research or a review of
the topic, and states
main conclusions.
The evaluation is
approximately 4-6
sentences that states the
source’s type/format (e.g.,
peer-reviewed journal
paper, website, book),
provides evidence of the
author’s authority, and
evaluates other criteria of
the source (e.g., website’s
sponsoring organization,
journal or book publisher).

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