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portfolio project needs to support your position with ethical research.This research must come from scholarly sources to strengthen and explain your ethical position to your colleagues. As you write make sure to include a discussion of the underlying ethical issues your case brings up, as those issues may affect health care decision-making. In addition to your position and ethical support, it is important to present at least one counterargument to your position to show that you understand opposing viewpoints.You must then present a rebuttal to that counter argument which will help sway the panel to your position.

PHIL 222 – Ethics in Health and Human Services
Portfolio Project Directions and Rubric
This Portfolio Project is worth 20% of your grade.
Outcomes
Completing this Assessment will help you to meet the following:
Course Outcomes
• Describe the ethical theories and philosophical approaches followed for assessing moral/ethical decisions in
typical health care scenarios.
• Identify underlying ethical issues influencing decision-making in the provision of health care services.
• Apply analytical techniques to resolve ethical dilemmas presented in health care case studies.
• Formulate moral/ethical obligations of a health care entity to the community it serves.
• Evaluate the relative strengths and weaknesses of personal moral judgments as well as the judgments and
choices of others.
Institutional Outcomes
• Information Literacy and Communication – Utilize appropriate current technology and resources to locate
and evaluate information needed to accomplish a goal, and then communicate findings in visual, written
and/or oral formats.
• Relational Learning – Transfer knowledge, skills and behaviors acquired through formal and informal
learning and life experiences to new situations.
• Thinking Abilities – Employ strategies for reflection on learning and practice in order to adjust learning
processes for continual improvement.
• Community and Career – Participate in social, learning, and professional communities for personal and
career growth.
Scenario
You will perform research and compose an informative and persuasive research paper based on
the following real-world scenario:
You are working in a medical office as part of a team that determines the position the
company will take when presented with specific ethical challenges. You must pick and
evaluate a single case from the list presented in the link below. To justify your ethical position,
write an ethical paper using either utilitarianism or deontology as your main ethical support.
Click the link to view the list of case studies you must choose from: Case Studies.
Your portfolio project needs to support your position with ethical research. This research must
come from scholarly sources to strengthen and explain your ethical position to your colleagues.
As you write make sure to include a discussion of the underlying ethical issues your case brings
up, as those issues may affect health care decision-making. In addition to your position and ethical
support, it is important to present at least one counterargument to your position to show that you
understand opposing viewpoints. You must then present a rebuttal to that counter argument which
will help sway the panel to your position.
Keep in mind these course outcomes as you write up your ethical stance:
• Describe the ethical theories and philosophical approaches we have discussed in class for
assessing moral/ethical decisions in typical health care scenarios.
• Identify underlying ethical issues influencing decision-making in the provision of health
care services.
• Apply analytical techniques to resolve ethical dilemmas presented in health care case studies.
• Formulate moral/ethical obligations of a health care entity to the community it serves.
• Evaluate the relative strengths and weaknesses of personal moral judgments as well as
the judgments and choices of others.
Deadline
Deliverable items for the Portfolio Project will be required at different points during the course.
Details for each submission are included below. The timeline is as follows:
Deadline
See tracking calendar
See tracking calendar
See tracking calendar
Activity
Essential Question Discussion
Paper Topic
Annotated Bibliography
See tracking calendar
See tracking calendar
Rough Draft Discussion
Final Portfolio Project Paper to
your ePortfolio.
See tracking calendar
Video Reflection & Discussion
Requirements and Formatting
Your Portfolio Project Paper must adhere to the following requirements:
• Portfolio Project Paper Body
a. Body of the portfolio project paper (section C above) must be a minimum of 6
pages for a top score.
• APA formatting
• Title, Abstract, and References page
• Times New Roman or Arial 12-point font
• 1-inch margins
• Page numbers in top right corner
• APA Citations
• Include information, as well as in-text citations and an entry on the References page, from a
minimum of 4 scholarly and professional sources (not including your textbook)
• For APA information refer to the Bryant & Stratton College APA Style Guide located in
Student Resources.
For specific grading information, please refer to the Portfolio Project Paper Grading Rubric.
Deliverable Descriptions
Module 2 – Essential Question Discussion
2.5% of Overall Course Grade.
This discussion explores the idea of Essential Questions. Since this may be a new concept or
term for you, it is a good idea to familiarize yourself with what an Essential Question is and
how you can create your own. For some information on Essential Questions, please take a few
minutes and read over the information presented on the website referenced below:
Essential Questions Explained
Considering and evaluating essential questions will both aid in your understanding of our
course topics and prepare you for the process of developing and writing your portfolio project.
In this discussion you must respond to two (2) of the following essential questions. Once you
have responded to the essential questions, identify an additional question you have about the
course topics that will help in the research process.
Choose two of the following in addition to creating a question of your own:
1. What is health?
2. How do we determine the value and quality of life?
3. Is it desirable for health to evolve?
4. Should we strive to make people “better than normal?”
5. Is healthcare a right or a commodity?
Please respond and give your rationale for each question in 2-3 sentences to complete your
initial discussion post.
After you have submitted your discussion post, please respond to two of your classmates’ posts
and provide them with thoughts and feedback about their essential questions.
Module 3 – Paper Topic
2.5% of Overall Course Grade.
Due at the end of Module 3, you will submit the case study you have chosen, the side you have
chosen to support on the topic, and the major ethical stance you plan to support your side. Your
instructor will provide any necessary feedback necessary to support your project moving forward.
Module 4 – Annotated Bibliography
5% of Overall Course Grade.
Due by the end of Module 4, your annotated bibliography should include a minimum of 2 sources,
cited properly using APA style, each with a 150 to 175 word annotation describing the source, its
strengths and weaknesses, and its importance in your paper. Your sources should strengthen the
ethical claims you will be making to support your thesis statement.
Module 5 – Rough Draft Discussion
5% of Overall Course Grade.
During Module 5, you will attach your Portfolio Project draft to an initial discussion post so that
your classmates may read it and make constructive suggestions. Your Portfolio Project Paper
should include the following:
• Title Page: Follow standard APA guidelines for creating your title page and paper.
• Summary Overview Page: This abstract of your paper should be very brief and concisely
sum up the whole of your paper. This page should be written after you have completed
your draft, and before you create your Reflection. The abstract page does not count
towards the required minimum page count of 6 pages.
• BODY OF PAPER: The body of your paper is comprised of the following parts, and
must be a minimum of 6 pages long.
•
Introduction: The Introduction starts the main body of your paper, is usually one
paragraph long, and will also include your thesis (issue) statement. In this
section, you explain the topic you have chosen, issues that arise from this topic,
and what the reader will learn in your paper, including the stance/side you will
take with your topic, and what major ethical theory you will use to support that
stance. End the paragraph with a clear, concise thesis statement that declares
your stance on your topic and the ethical position (utilitarianism or deontology)
that will support your position.
•
Issue Discussion: This section is the main portion of your paper. Here, you will make
claims that support your thesis, and then cite research to back up each of your
ethical claims. Each claim should embody one or two paragraphs, clearly define
your position, include scholarly research that explains the ethical issues in
support of your position, and explore the implications of that research on your
claims. Keep in mind the Essential Questions that started your thinking process
about this topic. Your paper should make three to four claims that help support
your thesis position, citing research that explains the ethics for each claim. To be
clear, the Portfolio Project is an argumentative ethics paper in which you support
your stance on the topic. It is not a report that details the history of the subject or
all the technical details involved with the topic. For example, you should not
explain how abortions work or give details about the history of abortion, rather
the Issue Discussion should explain, in ethical terms and support, why you
believe your stance is the correct position to take on the topic.
•
Counterargument: Your paper should take an ethical stance on the topic, while
exploring the merits of other positions. In addition to your claims, you need
to include a counterargument. Counterarguments consider positions that
differ from the one you have taken. Remember that ethical positions do not
work in black and white terms (dichotomies), but rather considers other
positions for their individual merits. To strengthen your own position, you
should include at least one alternative ethical position and then counter it
with a claim that supports your thesis statement. In essence, your
counterargument should be aware of the other side, but should likewise
explain why that position is flawed. Ethical backup of your counter-claim
is absolutely necessary. Since including a counterargument is a required
element of your paper, please label this section “Counterargument” for
clarity.
•
Conclusion: This section is also a portion of the six pages required for the main body
of your paper. Reinforce the main points you have made, tie up loose ends, and
restate your thesis so that it clearly defines your stance on the topic.
• References: After your conclusion, start a new page that lists the references you used for
your paper. These citations should follow APA style standards. The references page
does not count towards the required minimum page count of 6 pages.
Module 6 – Final Portfolio Project Paper Due in Electronic Portfolio
By the end of W6, you will upload your final portfolio project to your ePortfolio.
Module 7 – Video Reflection Discussion
10% of Overall Course Grade.
For the final piece of your Portfolio Project, you will reflect upon the overall deliverable
components of the Project, and how it directly relates to the Bryant & Stratton Workplace
Capabilities (see the chart below). The purpose of this exercise is to discuss and present the
overall Portfolio Project experience, especially the main body of your Portfolio Project Paper and
then relate that experience to your current or future career.
For the W7 Reflection Portfolio Project Reflection you will create a video reflection to share
with your peers in the Discussion Forum. The total recording time for your video should be 3-5
minutes in length. You will also respond to two students’ videos either in written or video
format.
For further directions on how to create a video in a BlackBoard discussion, visit the BlackBoard
help center. The direct link for help with linking a video is here. If you prefer, you can use You
Tube and your webcam to make a video, or use the You Tube Capture app from a mobile device.
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Communicati
on
Tolerance
Interpersonal
Skills
Problem
Solving
Dependability
Perseverance
Enthusiasm
Persuasion
Productivity
Informational
Literacy
Financial
Literacy
Technological
Literacy
Attitude
NOTE: For this reflection, you must pick “Tolerance,” along with two additional Workplace
Capabilities, and then discuss the following:
• Explain your reasoning for choosing these Workplace Capabilities.
• Analyze the importance of these Workplace Capabilities to your future career.
Responses
For your responses, you should reflect on the whole of the video presentation of two of your
classmates. You may respond either with a written commentary of what you learned from your
classmate’s reflection, or you may post a 2-3 minute video response including the same criteria
as a written response. In either case, please make note of areas where you learned something
from your classmate and offer at least one constructive item that would help that student based
on your experience with the Portfolio Project.
Reflection Grading Criteria
Video Presentation:
• Student’s voice should be clear and easy to understand.
• Video should be made in lighted conditions.
• Student should vary his/her tone of voice and use pauses effectively to place emphasis
on important points.
• Student should provide additional insight in his/her own words. Student should not read
verbatim from the written portion.
• Student should avoid non-words (“Um,” “Uh,” “You Know”) and practice using
professional language.
Item
Video Reflection Posted
Two responses to peers
Points
50 points
50 points (25 points for each response)
Total = 100 points
PHIL222 – Portfolio
Project Paper
Grading Rubric
Criteria
P
r
o
p
o
s
a
l
C
o
n
t
e
n
t
5
0
p
o
i
n
t
s
Excee
ds
Expec
tation
s
5
0
4
5
p
o
i
n
t
s
Exceptional
thought,
insightful
analysis of
chosen problem
and solutions is
clearly evident.
Effectively
addresses all
criteria outlined
in the directions
with great detail
and original
thought. Each
required
Meet
s
Expe
ctatio
ns
4
4
3
5
p
o
i
n
t
s
Adequate thought
and analysis of
chosen problem
and solutions is
clearly present.
Addresses all
criteria outlined
in the directions,
but could use
more detail. Each
required
component is
generally
addressed, may
contain some
Belo
w
Expe
ctatio
ns
34-0 points
Thought and/or
analysis of chosen
problem and/or
solutions are not
present. Does not
address all criteria
outlined in the
directions. Does
not contain each
required
component, is
missing
supporting details
and/or examples.
Solutions for and
against are not
supported by
factual and/or
relevant
information,
and/or examples
from sources.
Points
component is
fully addressed
and detailed. All
substantive
content is
accurate and
appropriate.
Solutions for and
against are
supported by
detailed facts,
relevant
information,
and/or specific
examples from
sources.
Org
aniz
atio
n
and
Stru
ctur
e
3
0
p
o
i
n
t
s
APA
Research &
F
o
r
m
at
ti
n
g
inaccuracies or
repetitive
information.
Solutions for and
against are
generally
supported by
factual and
relevant
information and
examples from
sources.
3
0
2
7
p
o
i
n
t
s
Document is
more than six
pages in length.
Document is
well-developed,
well- organized,
easy to follow
and logical.
Paragraph
transitions are
smooth and have
an easy flow.
Introduction
summarizes the
problem and
major points,
counterargument
is well crafted,
and Conclusion
summarizes
main points and
position in great
detail.
2
6
2
1
p
o
i
n
t
s
Document is at
least six pages in
length. Structure
of the document
is clear and
organized.
Paragraph
transitions are
logical.
Introduction
identifies the
problem and
major points,
counterargument
section is
present, and
Conclusion
generally
summarizes
major points and
position.
1
0
9
p
o
i
n
t
s
20-0 points
Document is
less than six
pages in
length.
Structure of the
document is
not clear,
and/or is
disorganized.
Paragraph
transitions are
illogical.
Introduction
does not
identify the
problem and/or
major points.
Counterargume
nt is
missing/incom
plete
Conclusion
does not
summarize
major points
and/or
position.
8
7
p
o
i
n
t
s
Document
adheres to APA
6
0
p
o
i
n
t
s
Document does
not adhere to
1
0
p
oi
nt
s
1
0
9
p
o
i
n
t
s
Mechanics
1
0
p
o
i
n
t
s
Instructor
Comments:
guidelines: 12point Arial or
Times New
Roman, doublespaced, and with
one inch
margins.
Provides support
from at least
three sources (at
least two
scholarly peerreviewed). All
sources are
properly cited in
APA format
(Reference page
and in-text
citations), may
contain few
errors in
citations.
Document
adheres to APA
guidelines: 12point Arial or
Times New
Roman, doublespaced, and with
one inch
margins.
Provides support
from at least four
sources (more
than two
scholarly peerreviewed). All
sources are
properly cited in
APA format
(Reference page
and in-text
citations), with
no errors in
citations.
There are no
grammatical,
punctuation, or
spelling errors.
APA guidelines:
12-point Arial or
Times New
Roman, doublespaced, and/or
with one inch
margins.
Provides support
from less than
three sources
(less than two
scholarly peerreviewed). All
sources are not
properly cited in
APA format
(Reference page
and/or in-text
citations), and/or
contains several
errors in
citations. There
is evidence of
plagiarism.
8
7
p
o
i
n
t
s
There are three or
fewer grammatical,
punctuation, or
spelling errors.
Total Points:
6
0
p
o
i
n
t
s
There are
four or
more
grammati
cal,
punctuati
on, or
spelling
errors.
The Case of Joe
In the case of Joe, he’s been in the ICU for a total of 10 weeks and the
doctor doesn’t see any improvement happening. They want to release him to a
long-term facility, but Joe is to the point where he doesn’t want to go through it
and is ready to die. His exact words are “Stop everything, Give me Something. I
want to Die’. I feel like if someone was to give him something then that would be
murder, but I would recommend stopping all treatments and keeping him
comfortable until he fails. Putting him on the DNR list is a possible solution also.
The ethical model that I’m using is Deontology, which is doing what I would want
done for myself.

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