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Each student must submit a 4-5 page paper (exclusive of title page and Works Cited page) that responds to a designated quote from Norm Stamper’s book.

CJ 310 Law Enforcement Administration
Instructor: Annette Burkeen
Individual Paper
100 points
In Spring 2020, communities across the United States witnessed protests in the wake of the death of George Floyd
and Breonna Taylor. Calls for police reform became prevalent in the media, on yard signs in urban and suburban
areas, in commercials and, of course, in political discourse. This assignment is an opportunity for students to draw
upon what you have learned about policing models, strategies, unions, legal regulations and liability, and
organizational change to address calls for police reform.
Assignment Description: In Breaking Rank, Norm Stamper suggests that meaningful criminal justice reform cannot
occur “without significant structural transformation” of local police departments. Your paper will develop an
argument either in support of or against Stamper’s position. You will be graded based on how persuasively you
argue your position. You are expected to draw upon both (i) course materials (i.e., the textbook, Stamper’s book
and material posted on Canvas), and (ii) your independent research (including news articles, academic books and
peer-reviewed articles). You should cite at least three sources (other than required course material). Your paper
should address at least one counterargument to your thesis. An effective introduction and conclusions are also
EXCERPT from Chapter 16 (“Demilitarizing the Police”) of Norm Stamper’s book, Breaking Rank:
“Many Americans view their local PD as an occupational force—repressive, distant, arrogant. It’s
no wonder: their police department operates within the framework of a paramilitary
bureaucracy, a structure that fortifies that image and promotes the behavior. Your local PD
takes raw material, the average police recruit from your own community, and molds him or her
into a soldier-bureaucrat, starting in the academy.
That rigid, top-down, highly centralized, militarily oriented “command and control” system
simply does not work for policing – not in America, not in our multicultural, ostensibly, pluralistic,
democratic society. The paramilitary bureaucracy, or “PMB”, as I’ve referred to it in my notes
over the years, is a slow-footed, buck-passing, blame-laying, bullying, bigotry-fostering
institutional arrangement, as constipated by tradition and as resistant to change as Mel Gibson’s
version of the Catholic Church. I cannot imagine other essential reforms in policing – improved
crime-fighting, safety and morale of the force, the honoring of constitutional guarantees—
without significant structural transformation.”
5 pages, exclusive of Title page and Works Cited page
Double-spaced, 12-point font, 1-inch margins
April 28th at 11:59 pm via Turninin/Canvas.
TURNITIN PLAGIARISM REVIEW: When a paper is submitted, Turnitin generates a similarity report. I will not accept
any paper that indicates a greater than 6% similarity match. Students are responsible for monitoring their
compliance with this requirement.
Components: Your paper must contain the following components:
Title Page (5 points): The title page must contain the student’s name, course number and title,
Instructor’s name, date and a meaningful title.
Introductory Paragraph (10 points): The introduction should provide (i) factual and theoretical context for
your paper, (ii) set forth your thesis, and (iii) provide a roadmap of your argument.
Well-Crafter Thesis (5 points): Your thesis should clearly present your argument to the reader. You will
lose points if the position you are taking is unclear.
Two Arguments Supporting Thesis (30 points): Your paper should feature two arguments that clearly and
logically support your thesis. Your argument should draw on evidence (e.g., statistics, interviews, research
articles, etc.) to persuade the reader of your position.
Counterargument (10 points): Your paper should identify and refute a counterargument. Maximum points
will be awarded to the articulation and refutation of strong counterarguments based on evidence (as
opposed to hypothetical arguments, strawmen or indefensibly extreme views).
Quality of Research (20 points): You must draw upon (i) course materials and (ii) your own independent
research. At a minimum, you must cite three quality sources in addition to the textbook, Stamper’s book
or any material posted on Canvas. Peer-reviewed research articles offer the highest quality because the
data is reviewed by specialists in the field. Additional quality sources include academic books, articles
from credible news sources (such as major newspapers and news magazines), statistics from
governmental sites, and published judicial opinions. Lecture slides and Wikipedia are informal sources.
Conclusion (5 points): Your conclusion should synthesize the thoughts raised in the body of your paper
and offer your final thoughts on the subject.
Correct Grammar, Spelling and MLA Formatting (10 points): Your paper must contain correct spelling and
grammar and utilize MLA formatting (MLA Resource ONLINE). Use an academic tone (do not use slang,
passive voice or contractions). Minimize first person voice. For each error, one point will be deducted.
Works Cited Page (5 points): The works cited page must list every resource that you used to develop your
paper. Use MLA formatting.
The paper is due on April 28th at 11:59 pm.

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