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Project Management (COMP 30027)–Summer-2022–CW(Assignment2)–ALL–QP
IN SEMESTER INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT
Module Code: COMP 30027
Module Name: Project Management
Level: 3
Max. Marks: 100
Instructions to Student
•
Answer all questions.
•
Deadline of submission: 28/08/2022 23:59
•
The marks received on the assignment will be scaled down to the actual weightage
of the assignment which is 50 marks
•
Formative feedback on the complete assignment draft will be provided if the draft is
submitted at least 10 days before the final submission date.
•
Feedback after final evaluation will be provided by along with End Semester results.
Module Learning Outcomes
The following LOs are achieved by the student by completing the assignment successfully
1) Evaluate the tools and techniques that need to be applied for the effective and successful
implementation of any project.
2) Assess key performance indicators and aspects of a given project within the scope of the indicative
content.
Assignment Objective
You are encouraged to see the role of a project manager within the broader perspective of strategic
business management, understanding where projects come from and why they are selected.
Assignment Tasks
For the selected project in Assignment1 prepare a project planning document and submit in the form of
report not more than 10 to 12 pages.
1) Task2 – Methodology Selection
(60 marks)
a. Compare any two methodologies and select one suitable methodology for the proposed project.
You are required to provide a detailed justification for choosing a particular methodology. If you
are planning to use any diagrams from web, do remember to cite them.
[20 marks]
b. Using top down or bottom up or combined approach identify all the activities and any sub
activities of the selected project and prepare a work break down structure (WBS) in sync with the
selected methodology. Also implement WBS using any project management tool. You can refer
to Moodle for the list/link of project management tools.
MEC_AMO_TEM_035_02
[20 marks]
Page 1 of 11
Project Management (COMP 30027)–Summer-2022–CW(Assignment2)–ALL–QP
c. Compose a reflective analysis report on the outputs generated by project management tool, for
task2b. This must include a detailed analysis of:
i.
[20 marks]
Gantt Chart and
ii. Network Analysis Diagram
2) Task 2 – Risk Analysis plan
(30 marks)
Using the IT Risk Framework in Figure 8.2, page no. 212, of Information Technology Project
Management text book by Jack T. Marchewka as basis, Identify a total of five risks for each of the five
phases of the IT project methodology depicted in the outer rink of the framework. Then, use the frame
work for analysing each risk by moving from the outer ring to the center. Also for each of the five risks
identified, discuss a strategy for managing each particular risk.
IT Risk Framework in Figure 8.2, page no. 212, of Information Technology Project Management text book by Jack T. Marchewka.
3) Task3 – Project Cost Estimation.
(10 Marks)
Using the scientific method prepare project cost estimation for the non-functional requirements
identified in assignment1.
Rules & Regulations:
•
•
•
•
•
All resources should be cited using APA 7th Edition referencing style.
The final assignment must have a Title page, Table of Contents, References/ bibliography using
APA 7th Edition referencing Style and page numbers.
Title Page must have Assignment Name, Module name, Session, your name, ID, and the name of
the faculty.
Softcopy in word format is to be submitted through Turnitin link on Moodle.
If needed Viva will be conducted after the assignment submission via MS TEAMS.
MEC_AMO_TEM_035_02
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Project Management (COMP 30027)–Summer-2022–CW(Assignment2)–ALL–QP
•
Read and understand the “important policies” mentioned in this assignment and also in students
handbook.
Guidelines:
•
Assignment must be computer typed.
➢
Font – Times New Roman
➢
Font – Style – Regular
➢
Font – Size – 12
➢
Heading should be with Font Size 14, Bold, Capital and Underline.
•
Explain with suitable diagrams wherever required. Diagrams must be drawn using suitable
software or by pencil.
Each student has to do the assignment individually.
You can refer books in E-Library or use internet resource. But you should not cut and paste
material from internet nor provide photocopied material from books. The assignment answers
should be in your own words after understanding the matter from the above resources.
•
•
MEC_AMO_TEM_035_02
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Project Management (COMP 30027)–Summer-2022–CW(Assignment2)–ALL–QP
Assessment Evaluation Criteria
Classification
Reflection and critical analysis.
And % Range
Knowledge and Understanding/
Evidence of Reading
Referencing and Bibliography
Presentation, Grammar and
Spelling
Application of Theory
Outstanding
Highly competent analytical skills
and reflective practice,
demonstrating personal learning and
growth, insight into required
professional values and principles
and professional development
planning.
Extensive knowledge and depth
of understanding of principles
and concepts and /or
outstanding application of
theory in practice.
Evidence of reading an
extensive range of educational
literature/research and where
applicable workplace
strategies, policies and
procedures.
Accurate referencing and
bibliography correctly using
appropriate referencing style
Excellent presentation, logically
structured, using correct grammar
and spelling, excellent crossreferencing and links to
supporting evidence
Excellent
Strong analytical skills and reflective
practice used, demonstrating
personal learning and growth, insight
into required professional values,
principles and competencies and
professional. development planning
Excellent knowledge and
understanding of principles and
concepts and /or excellent
knowledge and understanding
of the application of theory in
practice
Evidence of reading a wide
range of educational
literature/research and where
applicable, workplace
strategies, policies and
procedures.
Appropriate referencing and
bibliography correctly using
appropriate referencing style
Good presentation, competently
structured, using correct grammar
and spelling, clear and easy to use
links to supporting evidence
Very Good Quality
Good use of analytical skills and
reflective practice demonstrating
personal learning and growth, insight
into required professional values,
principles and competencies and
professional development planning.
Good knowledge or key
principles and concepts and/or
good knowledge of the
application of theory in practice
Evidence of reading a good
range of educational
literature/research and where
applicable workplace
strategies, policies and
procedures.
Generally well referenced with
correct use of the appropriate
referencing style
Reasonable presentation,
completely structured, acceptable
grammar and spelling, acceptable
links to supporting evidence
Good (Acceptable)
Acceptable use of analytical skills
and reflective practice demonstrating
personal learning and growth, insight
into required professional values,
principles and competencies and
professional development planning.
Acceptable knowledge of key
principles and concepts and/or
knowledge of the application of
theory in practice
Evidence of reading an
appropriate range of
educational literature/research
and where applicable, relevant
workplace policies and
procedures
Adequate referencing. Generally
accurate use of appropriate
referencing style
Adequate presentation and
structure, acceptable grammar and
spelling, adequate links to
supporting evidence
Adequate/ Satisfactory
Adequate use of analytical skills and
reflective practice demonstrating
personal learning and growth, insight
into required professional values,
principles and competencies and
professional development planning.
Adequate knowledge of key
principles and concepts and/or
satisfactory evidence of the
application of theory in practice
Evidence of minimal reading
of educational
literature/research and where
applicable relevant workplace
policies and procedures
Adequate referencing.
appropriate referencing style
used but may contain some
inaccuracies.
Weak presentation , satisfactory
structure, grammar and spelling,
links to supporting evidence
Weak /Poor
Little use of analytical skills and
reflective practice demonstrating
personal learning and growth, insight
into required competencies and/or
professional development planning.
Professional values and principles
not reflected in the submission.
And/or
Insufficient/no use of analytical
skills and reflective practice
demonstrating personal learning and
growth, insight into required
competencies and professional
development planning
Little evidence of knowledge of
key principles or concepts
and/or little evidence of the
application of theory in practice
Little or no evidence of
reading outside of the course
textbook and/or reference to
relevant work place policies
and procedures
Little or no referencing,
incorrect style, or very
inaccurate use of appropriate
referencing style
Poor presentation, grammar and
spelling, links to supporting
evidence
(all learning outcomes not
adequately met)
MEC_AMO_TEM_035_02
and/or
and/or
No evidence of knowledge of
key principles or concepts
and/or no evidence of
application of theory in practice
No evidence of reading outside
of the course textbook and/or
reference to relevant
workplace policies and
procedures
and/or
Unacceptable presentation,
grammar and spelling, structure is
very poor, links to supporting
evidence
Page 4 of 11
Project Management (COMP 30027)–Summer-2022–CW(Assignment2)–ALL–QP
Assessment Grid/Sheet – Basic Assignment Analysis
Deliverables
Aspects
Preparing
project
initiation
report
(PIR).
0
No
attempt
/
Irrelevan
t work
1-20
Comparing two
methodology but
didn’t provide the
reasons
for
selecting
the
methodology.
Prepared
WBS
using
project
management
tool.
Also
provided Gantt
chart (GC) and
Network analysis
diagram (NAD) for
the assignment
tasks but not for
the
selected
project also didn’t
provided
the
reflective analysis
of GC and NAD.
21-35
Comparing two
methodology but
didn’t provide the
reasons
for
selecting
the
methodology.
Prepared
WBS
using
project
management
tool.
Also
provided Gantt
chart (GC) and
Network analysis
diagram
(NAD)
but
didn’t
provided
the
reflective analysis
of GC and NAD.
36-48
Provided detailed report,
without citation and
referencing, including all
details
to
include
selecting a methodology
for the proposed project
by clearly mentioning the
reasons for choosing a
particular methodology.
For
the
identified
activities prepared WBS
and implementing WBS
using
a
project
management tool. Also
provided Gantt chart (GC)
and Network analysis
diagram (NAD). Writing
basic analysis of GC and
NAD provided without
reflection.
49-60
Provided
Comprehensive
report with all details
to include selecting a
methodology for the
proposed project by
clearly mentioning the
reasons for choosing a
particular
methodology. For the
identified
activities
prepared WBS and
implementing WBS
using
a
project
management
tool.
Also provided Gantt
chart
(GC)
and
Network
analysis
diagram
(NAD).
Presented a detailed
reflective analysis of
GC and NAD provided.
Mark
Aspects
0
1-15
16-20
21-25
26-30
Mark
Risk
Analysis
plan
No
attempt
/
Irrelevan
t work
Providing
the
basic definitions
of
risks
categories
without actually
relating them to
the
selected
project.
Providing
the
basic definitions
of
risks
categories
without actually
relating them to
the
selected
project.
And
proving
only
general
risk
assessment by
mention
risk
assessment as
“low”, “medium”
and “high”
A detailed risk analysis,
without proper citation
and
referencing,
–
performing
complete
risks analysis for the
selected project. This
must
include
the
following:
o Risk
identification
using framework given
o Risk analysis and
assessment
o Mitigation plan
A
detailed
risk
analysis, with proper
citation
and
referencing,
–
performing complete
risks analysis for the
selected project. This
must include the
following:
o Risk identification
using framework
given
o Risk analysis and
assessment
o Mitigation plan
[maximum of
10
marks
for
risk
identification
+
categorizing,
Maximum of 10
marks
for
risk
assessment and
Maximum of 10
marks for providing
mitigation plan]
Deliverables
Aspects
0
1-4
5-10
Task 4
Project
cost
estimation
No
attempt
/
Only provided the estimated cost of
items without using a scientific
approach.
Provided the cost of items based on scientific
approach clearly mentioning the sources of pricing
the items
Task 2
Deliverables
Task 3
MEC_AMO_TEM_035_02
Mark
Page 5 of 11
Project Management (COMP 30027)–Summer-2022–CW(Assignment2)–ALL–QP
Irrelevan
t work
Name of the student
: ______________________________
ID no
: ___________________
Section
: ______________
Total Marks
Penalty
Final Marks
Important Policies to be followed
1. Student Academic Integrity Policy*:
•
MEC upholds the spirit of academic integrity in all forms of academic work and any form of
violation of academic integrity shall invite severe penalty. Any benefit obtained by indulging
in the act of violation of academic integrity shall be cancelled.
•
MEC also reserves the right to notify the appropriate law enforcement authorities of any
unlawful activity and to cooperate thereafter in any investigation of such activity.
•
Faculty can conduct a viva to investigate and ascertain that the work submitted is student’s
own work as per the guidelines for the same. A student can be given a maximum of 2
chances to attend the viva in such cases. It is expected that the student attends the viva
during the first chance itself unless due to extenuating circumstances. If the student does
not attend the viva in spite of being given 2 chances and fails to submit valid reasons,
he/she will be awarded a fail in the module and this shall be counted as a case of academic
integrity violation.
All cases of violation of academic integrity on the part of the student shall fall under any of the below
mentioned categories:
1.
Plagiarism
2.
Malpractice
3.
Ghost Writing
4.
Collusion
5.
Other cases
If the student fails a module and has a proven case of academic integrity violation in this module,
the student is required to re-register the module. This is applicable to first and second offence of
academic integrity violation of plagiarism type
1.1. First Offence of Academic Integrity Violation:
1.1.1. Plagiarism
MEC_AMO_TEM_035_02
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Project Management (COMP 30027)–Summer-2022–CW(Assignment2)–ALL–QP
a.
If a student is caught first time in an act of academic integrity violation during
his/her course of study in any assignment other than project work and if the type
of violation is plagiarism, then the student will be allowed to re-submit the
assignment once as per the period allowed for re submission However, a penalty
of deduction of 25% of the marks obtained for the resubmitted work will be
imposed.
b.
Period of re-submission: The student will have to re-submit the work within one
week (5 working days) from the date he or she is advised to re-submit.
c.
Re-submission of the work beyond the allowed period of resubmission will not be
accepted and the assessment will be awarded a zero mark.
d.
If the re-submitted work (within the allowed period of resubmission) is also found
to be plagiarized, then that assessment component will be awarded a zero mark.
It shall also contribute to the total count of academic integrity violation for that
student.
e.
If plagiarism is detected in UG Project work (Project 1, Project Planning and Project
Design and Implementation), the above clauses do not apply, and the work will be
summarily rejected. In these cases the student will be awarded a fail (F) grade and
is required to reregister the module.
1.1.2. Malpractice / Ghostwriting / Collusion
If a student is caught first time in an act academic integrity violation during his/her course
of study for an assessment component irrespective of coursework or end semester and
if the type of violation is Malpractice/Ghostwriting/Collusion, then the student shall fail
the module.
1.2. Second Offence of Academic Integrity Violation:
1.2.1. Plagiarism
a. If any student is caught second time in an act of academic integrity violation during
his/her course of study and if the type of violation is plagiarism, then the student
will not be allowed to resubmit the work, and s/he will directly be awarded zero
for the work in which plagiarism is detected.
b.
The student shall also receive a warning of suspension in such cases.
1.2.2. Malpractice/Ghostwriting/Collusion
a. If a student is caught a second time in an act academic integrity violation for an
assessment component irrespective of coursework or end semester and if the type
MEC_AMO_TEM_035_02
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Project Management (COMP 30027)–Summer-2022–CW(Assignment2)–ALL–QP
of violation is Malpractice/Ghostwriting/Collusion, then the student shall fail the
module.
b.
The student shall also receive a warning of suspension in such cases.
1.3. Third Offence of Academic Integrity Violation:
a.
b.
c.
d.
If a student is caught a third time in an act of academic integrity violation for an
assessment component irrespective of coursework or end semester then the student
shall fail the module and also shall be suspended for one semester from the College,
once the academic integrity violation case is confirmed by Institutional Assessment
Review Committee.
The student shall be suspended for the immediate subsequent semester and can
register for modules only after having served the suspension period fully. This is also
applicable for semesters offered in block mode.
During the suspension period, the student shall have to mandatorily complete a course
on academic integrity/writing before s/he can register for any modules.
During the period of suspension, the student shall be allowed to attempt
supplementary examinations if s/he is eligible for the same. S/he shall also be allowed
access to all college facilities permitted for a regular student except for registering the
modules.
1.4. Fourth Offence of Academic Integrity Violation:
a.
If a student is caught a fourth time in an act of academic integrity violation for an
assessment component irrespective of coursework or end semester, the student shall
fail the module and also shall be expelled from the College, once the case is confirmed
by Institutional Assessment Review Committee.
b.
The student shall be expelled from the college and all access to the college facilities
and premises shall cease to exist. The documents shall be released only after getting
the NOC (No Objection Certificate) from Registration Office.
c.
`On termination, the student shall not be refunded any fees paid for the academic
semester in which academic integrity violation was observed.
1.5. Other cases
If a student commits an act of academic integrity violation as per the definition of “other
cases” mentioned in the previous section or of a different nature, student’s case shall be
forwarded to an Institutional Assessment Review Committee, Chaired by the Associate
Dean, Academic Affairs. The committee shall investigate the case by means of a viva and/or
a hearing of the parties concerned if required and shall take appropriate decision. The
penalty that can be granted to a proven case of academic integrity violation which falls in
this category of “other cases” can be a warning/component zero/ module
fail/suspension/expulsion depending on the nature and gravity of the offence.
1.6. Types/Variations of cases of Plagiarism and associated actions
Type 1: In case plagiarism is detected in any component or part submission (submitted at
different times) of one assessment (assignment), the deduction in marks will be applicable
MEC_AMO_TEM_035_02
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Project Management (COMP 30027)–Summer-2022–CW(Assignment2)–ALL–QP
for the whole assessment (assignment), even if only the component or part submission alone
needs to be resubmitted.
Type 2: In case plagiarism is detected in a group assessment, all students of the group will be
considered as having committed an act of plagiarism irrespective of whether plagiarism is on
account of the act of all or a few or only one member. The policy will then be applied to all
students.
If some students in the group are eligible to re-submit (first offence) and others are not
eligible, only eligible students will be allowed to re-submit within a period of one week and
the penalty will be applied as per the policy for each student according to his / her history of
violations.
Type 3: Combination of Type 1 and Type 2: In case plagiarism is detected in any component
or part submission (submitted at different times) of a group assessment (assignment), the
deduction in marks will be applicable for the whole assessment (assignment), even if only the
component or part submission alone needs to be resubmitted. All students of the group
would be considered as having committed an act of plagiarism irrespective of whether
plagiarism is on account of the act of all or a few or only one member. The policy will then be
applied to all the students of the group.
If some students in the group are eligible to re-submit (first offence) and others are not
eligible, only eligible students will be allowed to re-submit within a period of one week and
the penalty will be applied as per the policy for each student according to his / her history of
violation.
Type 4: Variation of Type 1 and Type 2: In cases where the assessment consists of
components or part submissions that could be a group assessment component (e.g. group
assignment) and an individual assessment component (e.g. individual reflection), the
following will be applicable:
a. If plagiarism is detected in the group assessment component, all students of the group will
be considered as having committed an act of plagiarism, irrespective of whether plagiarism
is on account of the act of all or a few or only one member. The policy will then be applied to
all students of the group. In such cases the group assessment component will be resubmitted.
If some students in the group are eligible to re-submit (first offence) and others are not
eligible, only eligible students will be allowed to re-submit within a period of one week and
the penalty will be applied for each student according to his / her history of violation.
b. If plagiarism is detected in the individual assessment component, the individual assessment
component will be resubmitted – if the student is eligible for resubmission-. The policy will
then be applied to that student alone.
c. In both cases (a) and/or (b), the deduction in marks will be applicable for the whole
assessment (assignment).
1.7. Types/Variation of Cases of Multiple Offences
MEC_AMO_TEM_035_02
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Project Management (COMP 30027)–Summer-2022–CW(Assignment2)–ALL–QP
If student is caught with multiple violations of same or different nature in different modules
of the same semester, they will be considered as one offence and student will be penalized
for each violation according to the type of the offence.
If student is caught with multiple violations of same or different nature in the same module
of the same semester, then they will be considered as different offences and each will
contribute to the overall count of AIV. The student then shall be penalized for each violation
according to the count and type of each offence.
* For further details Refer to MEC Student Academic Integrity Policy in Student Handbook.
2. Late Submission Regulations:
It is the students’ responsibility to check all relevant timelines related to assessments.
As per the Assessment Policy at MEC, late submissions are allowed for one week (5 working days)
for all UG modules with a penalty. In such cases, a deduction of 5% of the marks obtained for the
submitted work shall be imposed for each working day following the last date of submission
till the date of actual submission. Assessment documents submitted beyond a period of one
week (5 working days) after the last date of submission will not be accepted and will be awarded
a zero for that assessment. In cases where the submission has been delayed due to extenuating
circumstances, the student may be permitted to submit the work without imposing the late
submission policy stated above. The extended period of submission will be one week from the
original last date of submission. In such cases, the student is expected to submit the supporting
certificates on or before the original last date of submission of the assessment and the decision
of extension rests with faculty responsible for the assessment .The late submission policy shall be
applied if the student fails to submit the work within one week of the original last date of
submission.
Students may contact their teachers for clarification on specific details of the submission time if
required.
3. Research Ethics and Biosafety Policy
To protect and respect the rights, dignity, health, safety, and privacy of research subjects involved
including the welfare of animals and the integrity of environment, all student projects are
expected to be undertaken as per the MEC Research Ethics and Biosafety Policy. Accordingly the
following shall apply.
•
Research and other enterprise activities shall be conducted by maintaining the high ethical
standards consistent with national and international standards and conventions.
•
Any research at MEC that is categorized as high-risk research shall be subject to review and
approval by the Research Ethics and Biosafety Committee.
•
Research activities involving collection of human or animal tissues and manipulation of microbial,
animal or plant cells shall be subject to review and approval by the Research Ethics and Biosafety
Committee.
MEC_AMO_TEM_035_02
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Project Management (COMP 30027)–Summer-2022–CW(Assignment2)–ALL–QP
•
Participants involved in research must be informed about the purpose of research and intended
uses of research findings. Written consent must be obtained from people involved prior to the
commencement of research.
•
Data obtained from participants must be treated with high confidence and should be used only
for the intended purpose of research.
MEC_AMO_TEM_035_02
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IN SEMESTER INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT
Project Management
(COMP 30027)
Summer 2022
CW2 (Assignment)
APRAISAL PERFORMANCE SYSTEM
Student Name: AYMAN JUMA HATHITH AL SADI
ID: 21S21359
Session: ( )
Professor’s Name: Imran Ahmed
2
Table of Contents
1)
Task two ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3
Methodologies ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3
Dynamic system development…………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3
B.
Top-down Approach …………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 4
WBS ……………………………………………………………………………………………… Error! Bookmark not defined.
C.
2)
Gantt chart ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 6
Task two……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7
a.
The execution and control phase………………………………………………………………………………………… 8
b.
Developing good chatter and phase plan …………………………………………………………………………….. 9
c.
The initial and conceptualizing phase ………………………………………………………………………………… 12
iv. Evaluate project success phase ……………………………………………………………………………………………. 13
v. Close project………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 14
3)
Task three …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. 15
Project Cost Estimation …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 15
References ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….. 17
3
1) Task two
Methodologies
A.
Two research methods were selected which were believed to be the best way for studies.
The methods selected were Prototyping and the development of the dynamic system
methodologies. The methods are considered perfect because products will be distributed to the
market in form of stages. The reason for methodology is to assure you that all the success of the
business is shown within the early stages. Most processing firms to be the best methodology have
approved the prototype. They usually give out wonderful models and designs, which merge with
the products. To show the final users how our system workers prototype has to be put in place to
make it easier (Smith, 2017).
The categories of prototypes fall under the limited functionality groups. The prototype has
the benefits of comparisons of many designs and disregards another hypothesis, which is not well
tested. Manufacturing on the other hand assists in improving on advantages achieved from the
usage of prototyping. We are positive about our platform to deliver the exact task. Meanwhile,
there are shortages that can accrue due to the usage of the method which usually occur around
technology, cost, and time (Blokdyk, 2018).
Dynamic system development
The system is the perfect method when it comes to software development. These methods
usually focus on Rapid Application Development. DSDM assists in building the existing
framework as follows;
•
Build and design redundancy
•
Implementation
4
•
Prototype
•
Business and flexibility.
Other benefits apart from agility have been excluded from the methodology. The firm will
be enhanced, as the efficient running of work in the organization will be uplifted. The method
improves project growth through communication improvement between project stakeholders. The
DSDM is the best tool for project development because it intends to gain the target of ensuring
there is free communication between the customers and sellers is fluent and confidential. Our
scenario focus on the things, which improves the performance of industries and organizations
within our society.
B.
Top-down Approach
To achieve more information pertaining to the method of Dynamic System Development
journals and articles will be the main focused areas. For example, the share of the slide.
Additionally, proper WBS formulation will have to consider using both the bottom-up and the topdown methods. The means of top-down will require the primary goals to be broken down into
destinations that are very small groups. We choose this since it enables sufficient workflow
pertaining to the ideas contributed by all the members. Usually, the manager of the project is
capable of monitoring how progressive the project will become. Most of the time they do their
level best to cut any minor mistakes (Kamrani & Nasr, 2020).
The bottom-up approach is considered to differ from other approaches since it mostly
focused on how the job needs to be executed. The sundry team has accepted the technique to be
accurate and sufficient. The reason being it contains programs that are organized hence allowing
project the manager to supervise the smooth running of the project. Through purpose achievement,
5
it allows all the team members to have the opportunity to brainstorm future tasks. The task of being
professional was the best method for the project.
Work Breakdown Structure
1. The partners come together to make a favorable decision of revamping performance online
appraisals.
6
1.1. Recognizes the crucial factors that are calling to be addressed
2. Recognize piloting sites then training them.
2.1. Locating the favorable sites
2.2. Make proper training programs.
2.3. Do the planned training processes
3. Carry out monitoring processes on the piloted cites and then collect all the cite feedback.
3.1. Cite monitoring with the help of the supervisors.
3.2. Put all the collected information on records.
4. Make introductions of newer processes that are better.
4.1 Come up with mechanisms for introducing the processes.
4.2. In phases, introduce every new process.
5. All over the world embrace the new performance appraisals.
5.1 Keep the new appraisal in check during maintenance.
C.
Gantt chart
Project Planner
Period Highlight:
1
ACTIVITY
Actual Start
% Complete
ACTUAL PERCENT
PLAN
PLAN
ACTUAL
% Complete
Actual
DURATI COMPLET PERIODS in weeks
START DURATION START
ON
E
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Patners to make a
discussion on revamping May Two months
Identifying and training
One
sites
January month
Monitoring pilots cites
and collecting feedbacks
Activity 04
Introduction of new
processes to the whole
New performance
apraisals.
Plan Duration
April Five months
August 12 Months
1
4
1
6
2
5
4
6
4
8
4
6
25%
100%
35%
10%
85%
85%
7
Network Analysis Diagram
Every component of a project are tracked in every progress they are taking or reached by
a network analysis diagram. The diagram can be presented as either graphical or as a project
workflow. An example is shown in the following figure.
2) Task two
Project cost estimation
Any danger that has all the possibility of happening during project execution is referred to be
a risk. The risks in most of the time focus on the project’s negative side and the processes of
mitigating it. There are at least five risk phases that the IT framework experiences. Each phase has
its own risks that accompany it and the team has to come up with innovative prevention measures.
The phases are project character development and planning, initializing project concept, project
8
success evaluations, and project closure. We shall discuss the mentioned phase of the project in
deeper detail.
a. The execution and control phase
From the execution and control phases, the project is constructed and executed to establish the
deliverables anticipated. Once the plan of the project has been approved, the project is given the
go-ahead mandate and allocated the needed resources. The projects physical deliverables are then
established then the testing work is carried out. There are several risks that are featured in the
phases and there are ways of preventing them. The risks and prevention methods are all listed in
the following table.
Risk
Description
Poor means and strategies of Poor
communications
Prevention
means
information
project
of
relaying Ensure that among the team
between
members
the members and stakeholders,
and there
stakeholders
are
the
best
communication channels and
strategies.
Lack of better skills.
The
team
might
not
be Make proper and preferable
endowed with the best skills to selections of the best skills to
run the project properly to run the project well until
completion.
completing the task.
9
Disagreements
A risk that mostly originates Ensure the strategies laid
from
improper down for communications are
communication channels and the
deliverables
best
to
deliver
communication effectively.
Lack of project scheduler The risk emanates from the Establish proper and best
definition
poor definition of project project scheduler
schedules
Incomplete deliverables
The risks are experienced Ensures every message is
when there is often incomplete rechecked to be sure that it
data deliverable which on achieves all the deliverables
most
occasions
delivers before the message is sent to
wrong
messages
to
the the stakeholders
stakeholders
b. Developing good chatter and phase plan
A document that has all the project plans, characteristics, budgeting, and plans is called the
project chatter. The crucial content of the project chatter is the processes, objectives, and project
stakeholders. Every important activity in the project is listed down from project planning to the
time it shall be delivered to the customer or commissioning. The process also calls for detailed
10
implementation plans which are also crucial in the project charter. There are several risks in all
these processes as indicated in the following table.
Risk
Description
Prevention
Skills risks
These are the risks that
The project manager should
emanate from a lack of proper outsource
the
skilled
skills to run the project as personnel if there are no
required. The project might be qualified
or
running less on well-skilled professionals
personnel
Lack of better skills.
The
team
specialized
within
the
company.
might
not
be Make proper and preferable
endowed with the best skills to selections of the best skills to
run the project properly to run the project well until
completion.
Disagreements
completing the task.
A risk that mostly originates Ensure the strategies laid
from
improper down for communications are
communication channels and the
deliverables
Legal risks
best
to
deliver
communication effectively.
They are kinds of risks that The project manager needs to
arises when the development have the best legal advisor in
11
of the project does not observe place to give proper legal
the country’s, regional or advice in adherence to that the
international laid down rules country,
regional
and
of developing such project international laws.
types.
Political risks
They are issues that originate To mitigate the political risks,
from the internal political the stakeholders should ensure
background of society. The that
everyone
in
the
risk might also be from community is in agreement
national,
regional,
or with the project. They do this
international politics
by carrying out enough civic
education before the project
starts
and
everyone
compensating
whom
the
development of the project
shall affect.
Support
risks
or
sponsorship The project supporters or Before beginning on a project,
sponsoring institutions might the project manager should
pull out of their deal with the ensure
that
the
goodwill
project leaving it stalled. The support is unwavering and
project
might
also
lack
goodwill support making it be
12
abandoned
while
still
in sponsorship deals are real to
progress.
push it to completion.
Risk related to resistance to These are types of risks that To mitigate on such risks, the
change
might be from the employees, project manager should work
project
team,
or
even inclusively
with
every
stakeholders who are not stakeholder so that they are all
willing to adhere to changes.
part of the project. In case of
changes, the project manager
should embrace processes of
bringing
change
like
the
desired
implementing
change in phases rather than a
whole of it at once.
c. The initial and conceptualizing phase
In this phase the project is well understood and the different tasks involved are initiated and begin
to be worked on. The risks involved in this process are stated on the table below.
Description
Type of risk
Prevention
13
Risks that are brought about by unequal Supply chain risks The different departments need to
distribution of resources to the project
have a proper leasing strategy to
ensure proper supply of resources.
This
are risks
arising from
under scheduling errors
estimation in the scheduling of the project.
Coming up with a proper plan, that
takes into account the different
complexities of the project.
Risks
facilitated
by
a
lack
of Conflicts
Coming up with a proper plan, that
understanding or coherent vision, between
takes into account the different
departments or participants in the project
complexities of the project.
When project materials are vandalized by Theft
Meet the needs of the workers to
workers or
ensure they don’t have to resort to
external
forces
through
stealing
stealing.
This are risks brought about by irregular Legal actions
Stick to all the requirement of the
practices and activities.
laws and abide by the laid out
policies.
iv. Evaluate project success phase
This phase showcases the achievements made by the undertaking of the project. This phase
ensures that any shortcomings in the project management can be mitigated and thus ensure the
project is close to how it was envisioned. The involved include,
Risks
Description
Preventions
14
Cost risks
Risks brought about by issues associated Proper planning should be able to help
with cost
are
mitigate this risk.
Environmental
This
risks
risks
environmental factors.
arising
from Plan your project while considering
aspects of the environment that may
affect your project.
Operational
Risks brought about by mismanagement Processes should be carried out with
risks
or poor implementation of the project
Technological
Risk associated by use of outdated The right technology should be used
risks
technology
or
changes
in
the while updates and security patches on
technological fields.
Time risks
accordance to the initial plan.
the technology should be implemented.
Risks brought about by poor schedules The right amount of time should be
and improper planning.
provided in all stages of the projects
implementation.
v. Close project
This is the final phase. All or most of the project’s goals are achieved or implemented.
Risks involved include:
Risk
Description
Prevention
Governance Risks
This are risks associated to the It is important to have a good and
management board and how the qualified management team for the
management
undertaken
of
the
project
is project.
15
Schedule risks
Risks occurring when the activities Ensure proper time allocation for
duration take longer than planned
Environmental risks
the project.
This are risks that expose the project to Observe
good
environmental
different legislative penalties such as practices will be used during
fines due to poor environmental planning
to
ensure
proper
degrading activities like poor waste implementation
management
Reputation risk
Arises when the project is not of the Ensure that the project is worked
quality promised or delivered as on and has a quality assessment to
advertised.
ensure good delivery of the
project.
Performance risks
These risks arise when the project fails Ensure that there is a quality
to meet its performance standards.
assessment
before
project
deployment, also all goals and
check marks are met.
3) Task three
Project Cost Estimation
Task Name
Period
A discussion by partners on the state of online performance Four Months
appraisals
Estimation ($)
8000
16
Identification and Training of the unique pilot sites
Two Months
42000
Reconnaissance of the pilot sites and feedback collection
Four Months
52000
Usher in the new process to the entirety of the university
Eleven months
8000
Worldwide implementation of the New performance appraisal
One year
100000
Total
210000
17
References
Blokdyk, G. (2018). Dynamic systems development method the ultimate step-by-step guide.
5starcooks.
Blokdyk, G. (2020). PEST analysis: Standard requirements.
Blokdyk, G. (2021). Undefined. Createspace Independent Publishing Platform.
Hamblen, J. O., & Furman, M. D. (2019). Rapid Prototyping of digital systems. Springer.
Kamrani, A. K., & Nasr, E. A. (2020). Rapid Prototyping: Theory and practice. Springer
Science & Business Media.
Liou, F. F. (2019). Undefined (2nd ed.). CRC Press.
Mcelroy, K. (2018). Undefined.
Novikov, A. M., & Novikov, D. A. (2022). Research methodology: From philosophy of science
to research design. CRC Press.
Smith, M. M. (2017). A methodology to evaluate unplanned proposed transportation projects.

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