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: The purpose of this assignment is to complete your academic argumentative research paper.

I will include professor comments. Just need to edit as required by the professor before submitting the final paper

Running Head: DIVORCE IN THE US MILITARY
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DIVORCE IN THE US MILITARY
Divorce in the US Military
Abstract
Many people consider divorce the only way to end a marriage that could not have worked
the way they expected. The effects of divorce are, in most cases, experienced not by the couple
but by the children who are denied parental love from both parents. Therefore, focusing on an
education that will help the married couple in the military focus on the child’s wellbeing is one
concern that will focus on the children and help show them love. Child custody is one of the
considerations made after the termination of a marriage where the couple has to decide about the
parent who will take responsibility for the child. Military life is associated with absence from
home and minimal interaction with the family, focusing on the approaches that will benefit both
parties and ensure that the children’s satisfaction is essential before the marriage. The other
reason for considering this is that kids and parents’ interest may differ from one person to
another, thus the need to make a decision based on the effect that the divorce may bring about to
all. Therefore, for healthy living for the parents and their children after divorce, child custody
should be the main priority that the couple makes to decide who keeps the child and the time that
the other partner should see the child.
Introduction
Divorce is a common challenge that is inevitable in the community, and the military is no
different from the civilians. The good thing is that there are regulations and policies followed in
handling divorce cases, either in the civilian or military areas. However, the main weakness is
that sometimes, divorce cases arrive at dilemmas when considering child custody, best interest,
and parent capacities. In the military, divorces continue to be witnessed over the years showing
that the servicemen and women also undergo similar parenting or relationship challenges as the
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civilians. For example, the divorce rate for enlisted troops is 3.5%, while that of officers is 1.7%.
‘The stress hypothesis’ was coined to describe the factors that propagate divorce in the military.
The hypothesis suggests a combination of; increased risk of death, long working hours,
decreased geographical mobility, and different military personnel’s different divorce rates.
Further, determining these cases in the military is governed by various regulations and
policies, making it easy to decide contentious issues like child custody and others. For example,
military divorce cases are determined under both the federal and state laws making it easy to
arrive at the best decisions, especially when considering that the affected parties had children and
property. One of the significant controversies revolves around child custody and the division of
property or finances regarding pension. Numerous laws and policies have been presented to deal
with this challenge making the divorce process smooth and fruitful. The military has also
instituted several programs to help alleviate the divorce problem. There are marriage enrichment
programs, legal aid, and free counselling services available to the military. However, the main
weakness is that loopholes have been witnessed with the existing systems, policies, and laws,
especially when considering jurisdiction and the differences in consideration for families made
of civilians and military officers. Additionally, there are issues central to the divorce problem
that needs addressing to reduce its effect on the military personnel and their families. Because
divorce is inevitable in society, best interest determination should be critical in a child custody
issue among military men and women.
Literature Review
Divorce cases have continued to occur in the community. However, it is worth noting that
much literature exists defining processes and challenges affecting successful civilian divorce
cases. Regardless, only limited literature exists, explaining and exploring divorce from a military
DIVORCE IN THE US MILITARY
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dimension. The little evidence available makes it hard to understand the complexity of military
divorce processes. This project is informed by the desire to collect information about divorce in
the US military, outlining challenges that have been witnessed, especially when considering
child custody and best interest. Therefore, this project gathers literature to explore the
controversies seen while drafting the current regulations adopted to support successful
proceedings and after divorce living for the spouses and their kid (s), if any (Routon, 2017).
Over the years, numerous instances of military divorce cases have been witnessed. These
cases are common in the community, just as civilian incidents continue to occur. The
determination of these cases differs from civilian strategies. However, it is essential to note that
regardless of the differences, the prevailing federal and state laws and regulations are followed.
Divorce in the military has been high over the years as compared to other areas. It has been
hypothesized that divorce chances continue to rise whenever a spouse spends more time away
from home or the partner. Deployed military officers have reported the highest divorce rates in
the forces with an 8.48% rate. The Navy officers have reported 12.52%, while the Air Force has
recorded at least 14.6%and Marines 8.9%. These trends have been associated with diverse
challenges and factors ranging from the distance of staying away from each other to general
family disagreements. Mental health has been associated with a significant divorce rate in the
military and servicemen and women, especially when considering posttraumatic and other
related disorders (Donoho, Bonanno, Porter, Kearney & Powell, 2017).
According to Ross et al. (2017), the military has compensation practices that favour
service members that have dependents or are married. Consequently, military personnel may be
inclined to marry early to benefit from higher earnings. The early marriages resulting from the
situation are more susceptible to failure, increasing the early divorce rates.
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DIVORCE IN THE US MILITARY
Pros
Numerous laws have been implemented in the country, facilitating military divorce
procedures. These regulations play a crucial role in influencing the primary stakeholders’ overall
decisions when considering military divorce cases. These regulations have formed the ultimate
framework for guiding the legal structures’ decisions when dealing with military divorce cases.
Their effectiveness has been witnessed in successful divorce incidents and claims involving
various parties around the country. It is worth noting that some benefits associated with the
military extended to spouses after a divorce. These benefits may be attributed to the guidelines
followed in the forces to determine the best decision and option after separation, especially when
a kid is involved. The best options based on the foundations and case requirements are primarily
influenced by the parties involved.
Cons
However, regardless of such regulations, numerous weaknesses exist, making it hard to
determine such cases. One of the most common challenges witnessed in military divorce cases is
the division of pension, property, and wealth involving partners and kids. Additionally,
determining child custody is a significant challenge, primarily when the two parties work in the
military. Further, dealing with military and civilian marriage is challenging because of the child
custody alternatives’ determination. While the general factors in the civilian sector may apply,
such as historical relationships with the kids or their age at the time of divorce, it is worth noting
that the military offers a more challenging career. For example, some servicemen and women are
deployed in areas requiring them to spend months without visiting home.
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Further, some of the military men and women have found it hard to establish residence
since they are majorly on the move according to the requirements associated with their missions
(MacDermid Wadsworth, Bailey & Coppola, 2017). Such challenges have made it hard to
provide the ultimate framework for promoting custody and other issues during a divorce. These
factors make it hard to determine the custody of kids when dealing with military marriages and
separations. Further, the existing regulations do not provide the ideal platform for approaching
the issues influencing children’s custody in a military marriage. Therefore, the nature of the work
that the affected parties execute is a significant challenge that affects the abilities to achieve the
desired goals in a divorce.
The Argument regarding Child Custody
Child custody is essential because it allows the child to be with the responsible parent
after the divorce. Lack of child custody hearings may leave the child with the irresponsible
parent, and for this reason, the judge is left with the task of finding the best parent for the child
and draw up a ruling basis. Karney and Crown (2017) outlined how courts may find one parent
responsible and find the other parent irresponsible regarding caring for the child; this could be
due to drug abuse. Here, the responsible parent deserves child custody because they have proved
they can handle child care competently. The divorce process is necessary as it allows the court to
offer custody of a child to the responsible parent. In the case that both parents have somewhat
equal responsibility, the court may pursue other reasons to offer the child custody to one parent
(Costa et al., 2019). The courts do not limit the reasons to deny custody to responsibility only,
but also the parent interacts with the child.
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The court assesses if the child had any negative incident with their parent that could
affect their development and growth. The judge will consider the evidence offered to prove that a
particular parent cannot hold child custody. Besides, Karney and Crown (2017) illustrated that a
parent who does not have a good relationship with the child has a higher chance of losing
hearing. This is because the court finds them more likely to scold the child. The court must
ensure that the parent being offered custody of the child is responsible and will consider the
child’s mental state as they grow up.
For this reason, the court has to ensure that the best decision is reached so that the child is
in a safe, healthy and conducive environment fit to raise a child. With all factors considered,
other elements may still affect the result of the custody hearing. Psychologists have suggested
that in most cases, mothers have a stronger parent-child bond as compared to father hence more
chances of winning the hearing.
There is an existing bond between a parent and a child that makes the child have a
favourite parent. In most cases, this happens to be their mother, giving them a higher chance of
winning the custody hearing while the elements of being a good parent are overlooked. Costa et
al. (2019) outlined how young children are closer to their mothers than their fathers. This close
relationship build with the child is fostered by growth, and eventually, they have a closer
connection to their mother. Child development scholars like Karney and Crown (2017) state that
children tend to fear the family’s masculine characters while feeling safe with feminine
characters like the mother. The mother is also calmer, making the child consider the mother as a
better parent compared to the father. Courts are always inclined to choose the mother as the
child’s custodian as it seems she may offer a conducive environment for the child to grow. Even
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so, it should be considered that the very fact that the better parent should be chosen is overlooked
(Ross et al., 2017).
Conclusion
In the community, divorce-related cases continue to increase. In the military, divorce
cases result in similar effects that it brings about to the civilians. Although some may think that
servicemen and women have extraordinary lives, the high divorce cases show that they
experience similar problems as the other people within the community. Divorce in the military
occurs mainly due to factors such as long working hours, high death risks and lack of
geographical mobility. The main challenge associated with divorce cases in the military includes
issues when determining child custody. Based on the fact that some servicemen and women may
take more time before visiting and contacting their families, child custody is constantly
challenged. The bond between a child and the parents is also affected due to divorce. Although
different factors make it difficult for the law to decide the parents who should stay with the child
after divorce, the current laws in the nation fail to address the issue that influences children’s
custody when focusing on military marriage. For this reason, the lawmakers need to emphasize
the need to focus on the children’s wellbeing in such marriages. Also, the creation of policies to
assist during military-related divorce occurs would help. Due to the high cases and the
unpredictable nature of modern-day marriages, one needs to understand the nature of the career
and the possibilities of unpredictable marriage risks. Also, when making any decision concerning
the establishment or end of a marriage, it would be essential to consider the effect that the
decision would have on the children.
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References
Costa, L. L. F., Esteves, A. B. D., Kreimer, R., Struchiner, N., & Hannikainen, I. (2019). Gender
stereotypes underlie child custody decisions. European Journal of Social Psychology,
49(3), 548-559.
Donoho, C. J., Bonanno, G. A., Porter, B., Kearney, L., & Powell, T. M. (2017). A decade of
war: prospective trajectories of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among deployed
US military personnel and the influence of combat exposure. American journal of
epidemiology, 186(12), 1310-1318.
Karney, B. R., & Crown, J. S. (2007). Families under stress: an assessment of data, theory, and
research on marriage and divorce in the military (Vol. 599). Rand Corporation.
MacDermid Wadsworth, S., Bailey, K. M., & Coppola, E. C. (2017). US military children and
the wartime deployments of family members. Child development perspectives, 11(1), 2328.
Ross, D. B., O’neal, C. W., Arnold, A. L., & Mancini, J. A. (2017). Money matters in marriage:
Financial concerns, warmth, and hostility among military couples. Journal of Family and
Economic Issues, 38(4), 572-581.
Routon, P. W. (2017). Military service and marital dissolution: a trajectory analysis. Review of
the economics of the household, 15(1), 335-355.

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