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In a liberal democracy, the purpose of government is to serve the people by looking out for the public’s well-being. How do public agencies fare in these crucial circumstances? What issues and concerns come into play in trying to serve the public?

Students will select a major crisis situation that occurred anytime beginning in the 1960s onward in American history, which the government was responsible for addressing. The purpose of this assignment is to learn about and analyze how public agencies responded to the specific crisis. What agencies/organizations were involved? Were they effective and efficient? Was the response quick and well organized? What lessons can be taken away from the case? In addressing these questions, students will delve into the role of federalism, intergovernmental relations, politics, and governance issues covered within the lectures and reading material as well as material found in the library research.

The final paper will be a minimum of 10 to 12 pages long. Make sure to include peer-reviewed academic references as well as utilize the proper APA format.

THE TOPIC IS EQUIFAX DATA BREACH

You are able to conceptualize and specifically identify issues in public administration discussed in class and the readings.

3

What is the role of government in the policy issue:

Federal

3

State

3

Local

3

You have described the public policy issue

3

Why is this public policy issue?

3

What is the government doing to address it?

3

What are the specific agencies and who are public administrators involved in addressing the issue?

3

You have addressed the role of politics regarding the policy issue

3

You have included an explanation of the literature and even media analysis about the policy issue

3

You have explained whether or not you believe the government’s response to the policy issue has been appropriate and/or efficient. Why or why not?

3

You have provided detailed analysis of why and where government was successful and where it failed to work effectively and efficiently to address the issue.

3

You have explained what your thoughts concerning the policy issue. Should government do more or less to respond to the policy issue?

2

You have followed the instructions for the paper

2

Previous

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EQUIFAX DATA BREACH
What is the Context?
THE FACTS:
★
★
★
★
Equifax is a consumer credit card reporting agency.
They are one of the three major reporting agencies.
On September 2017 there was a sensitive data
breach reported on their server.
147 Million Americans Information was leaked.
â—‹
â—‹
â—‹
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Name
Address
DL Number
Social Security
★
Company Ignored early warnings about the data
compromise.
★
Executives sold stock prior to reporting to the
public.
★
Tried to place a limit on class action lawsuit
towards credit bureaus.
â—‹
6 Weeks to report the incident
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1 Charged with insider trading
Why is it Important?
★
★
★
★
Majority of the United States operates on credit.
Equifax has a key role in determining
creditworthiness.
The breach led to unauthorized charges on
individual and business accounts.
Consumers showed optimism and failed to take
protective measures.
â—‹
★
University of Michigan Case Study (2018)
DOJ held Chinese military personnels responsible
for the attack.
★
Federal Response
Department of Justice and Homeland Security
started an investigation on causes for the breach.
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★
★
Executive Charged and Sentenced by the SEC and
the DOJ.
Equifax settled with the Federal Trade Commission
and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.
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★
575 Million Dollars
Designated Employee to oversee cybersecurity
Annual assessment and meeting
Both Democratic and Republican House Committees
released a report.
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★
★
Equifax reportadly declined US cybersecurity
protection.
Both reports highlight security failures
Democrats criticize the Republicans for not
demanding any cybersecurity legislature.
Congress Held Hearing and Opened Investigation
Laws were proposed but not passed.
State/Local Response
California’s Response:
★
★
★
California Attorney General Xavier Becerra secured
18.7 Million in extra settlement funding.
California requires credit bureaus to provide a year
of free credit monitoring in case of a breach.
Passed California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018.
Local Response
★
★
City of San Francisco sues Equifax due to
violations of California Law.
â—‹ Behalf of 15 million people in California
Individuals Sued Equifax in Small Claims Court.
References/Questions
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“Equifax Data Breach Settlement.” Federal Trade Commission, 15 July 2020, https://www.ftc.gov/enforcement/casesproceedings/refunds/equifax-data-breach-settlement.
“Press Release.” SEC Emblem, 14 Mar. 2018, https://www.sec.gov/news/press-release/2018-40.
“Former Equifax Employee Sentenced for Insider Trading.” The United States Department of Justice, 27 June 2019,
https://www.justice.gov/usao-ndga/pr/former-equifax-employee-sentenced-insider-trading.
Equifax Minority Report – House Committee on Oversight and …
https://oversight.house.gov/sites/democrats.oversight.house.gov/files/Equifax%20Minority%20Report%20-%20FINAL%2012-102018.pdf.
“Committee Releases Report Revealing New Information on Equifax Data Breach.” United States House Committee on Oversight
and Government Reform, 10 Dec. 2018, https://republicans-oversight.house.gov/report/committee-releases-report-revealing-newinformation-on-equifax-data-breach/.
“Equifax Data Breach: Consumers Heard about It but Took Little Action.” University of Michigan News, 15 Aug. 2018,
https://news.umich.edu/equifax-data-breach-consumers-heard-about-it-but-took-little-action/.

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