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I have attached 2 documents and it has multiple questions. I need to answer activity 1 and 2 in separate documents and in 3 pages mins each. SO IN TOTAL 6 PAGES (BUT 2 SEPARATE DOCUMENTS). APA FORMAT AND REFERENCES ARE IMPORTANT.

Critical Thinking
• When creating its
international expansion
policy, Walmart at first
followed the advice of
Harvard professor Theodore
Levitt, who advocated
standardization, not
localization. “Gone are
accustomed differences
in national or regional
preferences,” Levitt wrote.
Truly global firms sought to
“force suitably standardized
products and practices
on the entire globe.””
Should companies keep a
standardized approach or
adapt to local markets?
• What domestic and global
changes prompt the
international expansion of
companies such as Walmart?
• What other U.S. businesses
can you name that have
merged with foreign
companies or expanded to
become multinational or
global? Have you heard of any
notable successes or failures?
1. When we travel or work abroad, we tend to be perceived
not so much as individuals but as members of racial,
ethnic, or national groups. For example, when visiting
Europe, Americans can expect to be questioned on U. S.
foreign policy, military actions, and economic influence.
How can you ensure that you function as an effective
ambassador of your country when working and traveling
overseas? (L.O. 1, 3, and 5)
2. A stereotype is an oversimplified perception of a
behavioral pattern or characteristic applied to entire
groups. For example, the Swiss are hardworking, efficient,
and neat; Germans are formal, reserved, and blunt;
Americans are loud, friendly, and impatient; Canadians are
polite, trusting, and tolerant; Asians are gracious, humble,
and inscrutable. In what way are such stereotypes
harmless or harmful? (L.O. 2, 3)
3. It is quite natural to favor one’s own country over a foreign
one. To what extent can ethnocentrism be considered a
normal reaction, and when could it become destructive
and unproductive? Provide examples to support your
answer. (L.O. 2, 3)
4. Some economists and management scholars argue
that statements such as diversity is an economic asset
or diversity is a new strategic imperative are unproved
and perhaps unprovable assertions. Should social
responsibility or market forces determine whether an
organization strives to create a diverse workforce? Why?
5. Ethical Issue: You know that it’s not acceptable to make
ethnic jokes, least of all in the workplace, but a colleague
of yours keeps invoking the worst ethnic and racial
stereotypes. How do you respond? Do you remain silent
and change the subject, or do you speak up? What other
options do you have in dealing with such a coworker?
Consider whether your answer would change if the
offender were your boss.

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