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College of Administrative and Financial Sciences
Assignment-1
Course Name: Macroeconomics
Studentâ€™s Name:
Course Code: ECON201
Studentâ€™s ID Number:
Semester: summer
CRN: 50206
For Instructorâ€™s Use only
Instructorâ€™s Name: Dr. Muath Alolayan
/ 15
Level of Marks: High/Middle/Low
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The Assignment must be submitted on Blackboard (WORD format only) via allocated folder.
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Assignments submitted through email will not be accepted.
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Students are advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for
poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page.
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Students must mention question number clearly in their answer.
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Late submission will NOT be accepted.
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Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other
resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.
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All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No
pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism).
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Submissions without this cover page will NOT be accepted.
Assignment 1 Question-Chapters: 1, 2, 3 & 4: – [15 Marks]
Q1: Jamalâ€™s weekly budget is \$48, which he spends on magazines and pies. [4 Mark]
A) If the price of a magazine is \$8 each, what is the maximum number of magazines he could buy
in a week?
B) If the price of a pie is \$24, what is the maximum number of pies he could buy weekly?
C) Draw Jamalâ€™s budget constraint with pies on the horizontal axis and magazines on the vertical
axis. Draw the slope of the budget constraint?
D) What is Jamalâ€™s opportunity cost of purchasing a pie?
Q2: Many of the goods that Chinaâ€™s Citizens enjoy are produced abroad, and many of the goods
produced in the China are sold abroad. When goods are produced abroad and sold domestically, the
process is called import and when goods are produced domestically and sold abroad, that process is
called export. Suppose an average worker in China can produce one kg of soybeans in 40 minutes and
one Kg of coffee in 120 minutes, while an average worker in Paraguay can produce one kg of soybeans
in 100 minutes and one kg of coffee in 150 minutes. Answer the following questions.
[6 Marks]
A) Which country has the absolute advantage in coffee? Explain.
B) Which country should produce coffee? Explain.
C) If the two countries specialize and trade with each other, which country will import coffee?
Explain.
D) Assume that the two countries trade with each other and the country importing coffee trades 2
Kgs of soybeans for 1 Kg of coffee. Explain why both countries will benefit from this trade.
Q3: Illustrates the interaction (equilibrium point) of demand and supply in the market for petrol based
on the table below. And explain following conditions.
[5 Marks]
A) Show excess supply (surplus of petrol) and excess in Demand (shortage of petrol) in the same
graph and explain.
B) Suppose the government decided that, since petrol is a necessity, its price should be legally
capped at \$1.30 per gallon. What do you anticipate would be the outcome in the petrol market
if at this price quantity supplied in the market is 575 Millions of gallons?
Price (per gallon in \$)
Quantity Demanded
Quantity Supplied
(millions of gallons)
(millions of gallons)
1.00
800
500
1.20
700
550
1.40
600
600
1.60
550
640
1.80
500
680