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Same as always assignment with drag files it’s all about a case study and engineering ethics.

Assignment-3 (15%)
Semester
:
Course Title
:
Course Code
:
Instructor(s)
:
Spring
Year
:
2021
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Sophomore Seminar
EECE200
Version
:
1
Dr. Oussama Accouche
(Includes names of all
instructors teaching this course)
No. of Pages
5
:
(includes cover page)
(Student Must Verify)
To be completed by the students
Student Name
Student ID
Section: O1
Major:
College: Engineering
Grading Scheme
Question
Earned Points
Max. Points
Question
1
30
3
2
40
Total Earned Points
Total Available Points
100
Earned Points
Max. Points
30
Instructor Signature
This is a group assessment.
Assessment Regulations:
•
Plagiarism: In case of plagiarism, you will receive an email to resubmit your work, with the
following rule:
o Resubmission within 24h from email notification: 40% deduction
o Resubmission within 48h from email notification: 60% deduction.
o
•
Failing to resubmit within two days after notification means that the assessment will
be awarded 0.
Late Submission: After the submission deadline, students have a maximum 2-days grace
period for late submissions with the following penalty (excluding Fridays):
o first day, within 24h from the deadline, 40% deduction
o Second day, within 48h from the deadline, 60% deduction.
o Failing to submit within two days after notification means that the assessment will be
awarded 0.
•
Wrong Submission: Students have the full responsibility of:
o submitting the required documents within the deadline
o verifying that the correct files are submitted
o Verifying that the submitted files are not corrupted.
Resubmission of student’s work falls under late submission policy.
2
Question 1: [30 points]
Scenario:
Engineer A, a professional engineer in private practice, is appointed to a public utility
board selection committee for the purpose of hiring an engineer for a sewer project.
Engineer B, a professional engineer in private practice, subsequently submits a statement
of qualifications for the sewer project. Engineers A and B have their own engineering firms
and compete in the same geographic area where the sewer project is being proposed.
Engineer A is not competing for this project. During the utility board selection process,
Engineer A evaluates and assigns Engineer B a low score. Engineer B was not selected for
the sewer project. Instead, Engineer C, the engineer with the highest-ranked score, is
retained by the public utility to perform the engineering services.
a) Write down all the relevant principles or keywords related to the above scenario? [10
points]
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
b) Provide at least all NSPE Code of Ethics References applicable to this scenario. Do not
just give number also write the reference quoted? [20 points]
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
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______________________________________________________________________________
Question 2: [40 points]
3
a) Refer to the part b of Question 1, discuss at least two codes of reference, and justify
that why they are applicable to scenario. [20 points]
___________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
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a) What is your conclusion for the above scenario? [20 points]
_____________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
Question 3: [30 points]
4
a) Refer to the scenario in Question 1 and provide all IEEE Code of Ethics References
applicable to this scenario. Do not just give number also write the reference quoted? [20
points]
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
b) Suppose you buy a drone and want to fly it. Identify all IEEE Code of Ethics References.
Do not just give number also write the reference quoted? [10 points]
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
5
Code of Ethics for Engineers
Preamble
Engineering is an important and learned profession. As members
of this profession, engineers are expected to exhibit the highest
standards of honesty and integrity. Engineering has a direct and
vital impact on the quality of life for all people. Accordingly, the
services provided by engineers require honesty, impartiality,
fairness, and equity, and must be dedicated to the protection
of the public health, safety, and welfare. Engineers must
perform under a standard of professional behavior that requires
adherence to the highest principles of ethical conduct.
I. Fundamental Canons
Engineers, in the fulfillment of their professional duties, shall:
1. Hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public.
2. Perform services only in areas of their competence.
3. Issue public statements only in an objective and truthful
manner.
4. Act for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees.
5. Avoid deceptive acts.
6. Conduct themselves honorably, responsibly, ethically,
and lawfully so as to enhance the honor, reputation, and
usefulness of the profession.
II. Rules of Practice
1. Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health, and
welfare of the public.
a. If engineers’ judgment is overruled under
circumstances that endanger life or property, they shall
notify their employer or client and such other authority
as may be appropriate.
b. Engineers shall approve only those engineering documents
that are in conformity with applicable standards.
c. Engineers shall not reveal facts, data, or information
without the prior consent of the client or employer except
as authorized or required by law or this Code.
d. Engineers shall not permit the use of their name or
associate in business ventures with any person or firm
that they believe is engaged in fraudulent or dishonest
enterprise.
e. Engineers shall not aid or abet the unlawful practice of
engineering by a person or firm.
f. Engineers having knowledge of any alleged violation of
this Code shall report thereon to appropriate professional
bodies and, when relevant, also to public authorities, and
cooperate with the proper authorities in furnishing such
information or assistance as may be required.
2. Engineers shall perform services only in the areas of their
competence.
a. Engineers shall undertake assignments only when
qualified by education or experience in the specific
technical fields involved.
b. Engineers shall not affix their signatures to any plans
or documents dealing with subject matter in which
they lack competence, nor to any plan or document not
prepared under their direction and control.
c. Engineers may accept assignments and assume
responsibility for coordination of an entire project and sign
and seal the engineering documents for the entire project,
provided that each technical segment is signed and sealed
only by the qualified engineers who prepared the segment.
3. Engineers shall issue public statements only in an objective
and truthful manner.
a. Engineers shall be objective and truthful in professional
reports, statements, or testimony. They shall include
all relevant and pertinent information in such reports,
statements, or testimony, which should bear the date
indicating when it was current.
b. Engineers may express publicly technical opinions
that are founded upon knowledge of the facts and
competence in the subject matter.
c. Engineers shall issue no statements, criticisms, or
arguments on technical matters that are inspired or paid
for by interested parties, unless they have prefaced their
comments by explicitly identifying the interested parties
on whose behalf they are speaking, and by revealing the
existence of any interest the engineers may have in the
matters.
4. Engineers shall act for each employer or client as faithful
agents or trustees.
a. Engineers shall disclose all known or potential conflicts
of interest that could influence or appear to influence
their judgment or the quality of their services.
b. Engineers shall not accept compensation, financial or
otherwise, from more than one party for services on
the same project, or for services pertaining to the same
project, unless the circumstances are fully disclosed and
agreed to by all interested parties.
c. Engineers shall not solicit or accept financial or other
valuable consideration, directly or indirectly, from outside
agents in connection with the work for which they are
responsible.
d. Engineers in public service as members, advisors, or
employees of a governmental or quasi-governmental
body or department shall not participate in decisions with
respect to services solicited or provided by them or their
organizations in private or public engineering practice.
e. Engineers shall not solicit or accept a contract from a
governmental body on which a principal or officer of their
organization serves as a member.
5. Engineers shall avoid deceptive acts.
a. Engineers shall not falsify their qualifications or
permit misrepresentation of their or their associates’
qualifications. They shall not misrepresent or exaggerate
their responsibility in or for the subject matter of prior
assignments. Brochures or other presentations incident
to the solicitation of employment shall not misrepresent
pertinent facts concerning employers, employees,
associates, joint venturers, or past accomplishments.
b. Engineers shall not offer, give, solicit, or receive, either
directly or indirectly, any contribution to influence the
award of a contract by public authority, or which may be
reasonably construed by the public as having the effect
or intent of influencing the awarding of a contract. They
shall not offer any gift or other valuable consideration in
order to secure work. They shall not pay a commission,
percentage, or brokerage fee in order to secure work,
except to a bona fide employee or bona fide established
commercial or marketing agencies retained by them.
III. Professional Obligations
1. Engineers shall be guided in all their relations by the
highest standards of honesty and integrity.
a. Engineers shall acknowledge their errors and shall not
distort or alter the facts.
b. Engineers shall advise their clients or employers when
they believe a project will not be successful.
c. Engineers shall not accept outside employment to
the detriment of their regular work or interest. Before
accepting any outside engineering employment, they will
notify their employers.
d. Engineers shall not attempt to attract an engineer from
another employer by false or misleading pretenses.
e. Engineers shall not promote their own interest at the
expense of the dignity and integrity of the profession.
f. Engineers shall treat all persons with dignity, respect,
fairness, and without discrimination.
2. Engineers shall at all times strive to serve the public interest.
a. Engineers are encouraged to participate in civic affairs;
career guidance for youths; and work for the advancement
of the safety, health, and well-being of their community.
b. Engineers shall not complete, sign, or seal plans and/or
specifications that are not in conformity with applicable
engineering standards. If the client or employer insists
on such unprofessional conduct, they shall notify the
proper authorities and withdraw from further service on
the project.
c. Engineers are encouraged to extend public knowledge
and appreciation of engineering and its achievements.
d. Engineers are encouraged to adhere to the principles
of sustainable development1 in order to protect the
environment for future generations.
e. Engineers shall continue their professional development
throughout their careers and should keep current in their
specialty fields by engaging in professional practice,
participating in continuing education courses, reading
in the technical literature, and attending professional
meetings and seminar.
1420 KING STREET, ALEXANDRIA, VIRGINIA 22314-2794 • 888-285-NSPE (6773) • LEGAL@NSPE.ORG • WWW.NSPE.ORG • PUBLICATION DATE AS REVISED JULY 2019 • PUBLICATION #1102
©NATIONAL SOCIETY OF PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
3. Engineers shall avoid all conduct or practice that
deceives the public.
a. Engineers shall avoid the use of statements containing
a material misrepresentation of fact or omitting a
material fact.
b. Consistent with the foregoing, engineers may advertise
for recruitment of personnel.
c. Consistent with the foregoing, engineers may prepare
articles for the lay or technical press, but such articles
shall not imply credit to the author for work performed
by others.
4. Engineers shall not disclose, without consent, confidential
information concerning the business affairs or technical
processes of any present or former client or employer, or
public body on which they serve.
a. Engineers shall not, without the consent of all
interested parties, promote or arrange for new
employment or practice in connection with a specific
project for which the engineer has gained particular
and specialized knowledge.
b. Engineers shall not, without the consent of all
interested parties, participate in or represent an
adversary interest in connection with a specific project
or proceeding in which the engineer has gained
particular specialized knowledge on behalf of a former
client or employer.
5. Engineers shall not be influenced in their professional
duties by conflicting interests.
a. Engineers shall not accept financial or other
considerations, including free engineering designs,
from material or equipment suppliers for specifying
their product.
b. Engineers shall not accept commissions or allowances,
directly or indirectly, from contractors or other parties
dealing with clients or employers of the engineer
in connection with work for which the engineer is
responsible.
6. Engineers shall not attempt to obtain employment or
advancement or professional engagements by untruthfully
criticizing other engineers, or by other improper or
questionable methods.
a. Engineers shall not request, propose, or accept a
commission on a contingent basis under circumstances
in which their judgment may be compromised.
b. Engineers in salaried positions shall accept part-time
engineering work only to the extent consistent with
policies of the employer and in accordance with ethical
considerations.
c. Engineers shall not, without consent, use equipment,
supplies, laboratory, or office facilities of an employer
to carry on outside private practice.
7. Engineers shall not attempt to injure, maliciously or
falsely, directly or indirectly, the professional reputation,
prospects, practice, or employment of other engineers.
Engineers who believe others are guilty of unethical or
illegal practice shall present such information to the
proper authority for action.
a. Engineers in private practice shall not review the work
of another engineer for the same client, except with the
knowledge of such engineer, or unless the connection of
such engineer with the work has been terminated.
b. Engineers in governmental, industrial, or educational
employ are entitled to review and evaluate the work of other
engineers when so required by their employment duties.
c. Engineers in sales or industrial employ are entitled to
make engineering comparisons of represented products
with products of other suppliers.
“By order of the United States District Court for the
District of Columbia, former Section 11(c) of the NSPE
Code of Ethics prohibiting competitive bidding, and all
policy statements, opinions, rulings or other guidelines
interpreting its scope, have been rescinded as unlawfully
interfering with the legal right of engineers, protected
under the antitrust laws, to provide price information to
prospective clients; accordingly, nothing contained in the
NSPE Code of Ethics, policy statements, opinions, rulings
or other guidelines prohibits the submission of price
quotations or competitive bids for engineering services
at any time or in any amount.”
8. Engineers shall accept personal responsibility for their
professional activities, provided, however, that engineers
may seek indemnification for services arising out of
their practice for other than gross negligence, where the
engineer’s interests cannot otherwise be protected.
a. Engineers shall conform with state registration laws in
the practice of engineering.
b. Engineers shall not use association with a nonengineer, a
corporation, or partnership as a “cloak” for unethical acts.
Statement by NSPE Executive Committee
9. Engineers shall give credit for engineering work to those
to whom credit is due, and will recognize the proprietary
interests of others.
a. Engineers shall, whenever possible, name the person or
persons who may be individually responsible for designs,
inventions, writings, or other accomplishments.
b. Engineers using designs supplied by a client recognize
that the designs remain the property of the client and
may not be duplicated by the engineer for others without
express permission.
c. Engineers, before undertaking work for others in
connection with which the engineer may make
improvements, plans, designs, inventions, or other
records that may justify copyrights or patents, should
enter into a positive agreement regarding ownership.
d. Engineers’ designs, data, records, and notes referring
exclusively to an employer’s work are the employer’s
property. The employer should indemnify the engineer
for use of the information for any purpose other than the
original purpose.
Footnote 1 “Sustainable development” is the challenge of meeting
human needs for natural resources, industrial products, energy,
food, transportation, shelter, and effective waste management while
conserving and protecting environmental quality and the natural
resource base essential for future development.
In order to correct misunderstandings which have been
indicated in some instances since the issuance of the
Supreme Court decision and the entry of the Final Judgment,
it is noted that in its decision of April 25, 1978, the Supreme
Court of the United States declared: “The Sherman Act does
not require competitive bidding.”
It is further noted that as made clear in the Supreme Court
decision:
1. Engineers and firms may individually refuse to bid for
engineering services.
2. Clients are not required to seek bids for engineering
services.
3. Federal, state, and local laws governing procedures
to procure engineering services are not affected, and
remain in full force and effect.
4. State societies and local chapters are free to actively
and aggressively seek legislation for professional
selection and negotiation procedures by public
agencies.
5. State registration board rules of professional conduct,
including rules prohibiting competitive bidding for
engineering services, are not affected and remain in
full force and effect. State registration boards with
authority to adopt rules of professional conduct may
adopt rules governing procedures to obtain engineering
services.
6. As noted by the Supreme Court, “nothing in the
judgment prevents NSPE and its members from
attempting to influence governmental action . . .”
Note: In regard to the question of application of the Code to
corporations vis-a-vis real persons, business form or type should
not negate nor influence conformance of individuals to the Code.
The Code deals with professional services, which services must
be performed by real persons. Real persons in turn establish and
implement policies within business structures. The Code is clearly
written to apply to the Engineer, and it is incumbent on members
of NSPE to endeavor to live up to its provisions. This applies to all
pertinent sections of the Code.
1420 KING STREET, ALEXANDRIA, VIRGINIA 22314-2794 • 888-285-NSPE (6773) • LEGAL@NSPE.ORG • WWW.NSPE.ORG • PUBLICATION DATE AS REVISED JULY 2019 • PUBLICATION #1102
©NATIONAL SOCIETY OF PROFESSIONAL ENGINEERS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
Professional Ethics
EE & CE 200 Spring 2021
Outline
• Ethics
• Why study Ethics?
• Profession Vs Occupation?
• Principles of professional ethics
• Ethical problems examples and case studies
Ethics
• Ethics are the principles accepted by the society, which
also equate to the moral standards of human beings.
• Ethics are moral principles that govern a person’s
behavior or the conducting of an activity.
3
Professional Ethics
Professional ethics, founded on personal ethics,
encompass the personal and corporate standards
of behavior expected by professionals
There is a difference between professional ethics
and personal ethics.
4
Differences
Personal
Ethics
Common Morality
Professional Ethics
The set of
ones own
ethical
commitments
The set of moral
ideals shared by
most members of
a culture or
society.
The set of standards
adopted by
professionals in so far
as they see
themselves acting as
professionals. It can
be different from
personal ethics and
common morality. 5
Example
The following examples shows some of the possible relationships between
professional, personal, and common morality.
• An engineer refuses to design military hardware because she
believes war is immoral.
Circle one:
1. Personal
2. Professional
3. Common morality
• A civil engineer refuses to design a project that he believes will be
contrary to the principles of sustainable (maintain) development.
This refusal is personal moral and is based on professional code of
ethics.
6
Engineering Ethics
How to act and
live as an engineer
How engineers
morally act as an
engineer
What to consider
when making
decisions.
Professional ethics
NOT personal ethics
Shortly, Engineering ethics is how engineers morally act
as an Engineer. This is professional ethics NOT personal
ethics.
7
Why study ethics?
Moral Imagination
Recognizing (Moral)
Ethical Issues
Analyzing Concepts
Eliciting (Bring out) a
Sense of
Responsibility
Addressing unclarity, un-certainty,
and disagreement
8
Occupation
Profession
Refers to the work that a
person does
Paid occupation, especially
one that requires advanced
education, characteristics
and training
Neutral, generic term
Refers to intellectual
pursuit
9
Professionals vs. Non-professionals
Education: Typically requires extensive period of training of an
intellectual character based on theory obtained through formal
education (universities).
Have knowledge and skills that are vital to the well being of the
larger society. (Ex. doctor, lawyer, accountant).
Professions have monopoly on the demand of professional services. First, Only
professional graduates should be allowed to hold the professional title.
Secondly, there should be a licensing system for entering the profession.
Often have an unusual degree of autonomy in the workplace. Ex. doctors must
determine the most appropriate type of medical treatment for their patients,
and lawyers must decide the most successful type of defense for their clients.
Claim to be regulated by ethical standards, usually embodied in a code
of ethics. Most professions regulate themselves for the public benefit.
10
Principles of Professional Ethics
1. Honesty
• truthfulness, absence of cheating, lying or theft.
2. Integrity
• Being a part of the whole organization
3. Transparency
• Accessibility, information, understanding and audit of
processes.
4. Accountability
• Being responsible for actions and
consequences, not blaming others.
5. Confidentiality
• Discretion associated with profession, security
issues
6. Objectivity
• Discretion Neutrality, credit your work.
12
Principles of Professional Ethics
7. Respectfulness
• Speak to everyone in the same way.
8. Copyright
• Use licensed tools and softwares, ask for
permission before diffusion.
9. Misappropriation • Cite your sources and give references
of other’s work
10. Respect of Law
• respect rules and regulations of authorities
13
11. Whistleblowing
• Tell about any violations, frauds, corruptions,
mismanagement, etc.
13
Case Study 1
Mary discovers that her plant (factory) is discharging a substance into the
river that is not regulated by the government. She decides to do some
reading about the substance and finds that some of the studies suggest
that it is hazardous. As an engineer, she believes she has an obligation to
protect the public, but she also wants to be a loyal employee.
The substance will probably be very expensive to remove, and her boss
advises, “Forget about it until the government makes us do something.
Then all the other plants will have to spend money too, and we will not be
at a competitive disadvantage.” What should Mary do?
Which principle of professional ethics is being violated?
According to what standards are these actions right or wrong?
14
Case Study 2
Tom is designing a new chemical plant. One of his
responsibilities is to identify the valves to be used in a
certain portion of the plant. Before he makes his final
decision, a salesperson for one of the firms that
manufactures valves invites Tom to a golf game at the local
country club. Should Tom accept the offer?
Which principle of professional ethics is being violated?
According to what standards are these actions right or wrong?
15
Case Study 3
You have been asked to participate as an “Engineer in Training” in the
design and construction of a nuclear power plant. You will be working in a
team of 10 design engineers. Some of the engineers are experienced and
capable nuclear plant designers. Is the use and development of nuclear
power plant ethical? Can you participate in the design of such a plant
without any previous experience?
Which principle of professional ethics is being violated?
According to what standards are these actions right or wrong?
16
Case Study 4
You work for a Government department as a Procurement Engineer.
Your wife works for one of the companies that supplies some of the
pump spares that you use. One day you decide to stop buying
spares from this company because they have become too expensive
and the company has said they cannot drop their prices. You inform
the supplier of your decision on Wednesday. On Friday your wife
comes home with two tickets to the soccer final and you go to the
game and enjoy it. Should you have gone to the Soccer final game?
Which principle of professional ethics is being violated?
According to what standards are these actions right or wrong?
17
Thank you!
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