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Post 1 EL
Experiential learning is essential, and in 1974 Kolb was one of the first people to depict
experiential learning. According to Kolb, learning is the knowledge that is gained
through experiences (Center for Teaching and Learning, n.d.). Therefore, experiential
learning can be an essential aspect to be utilized in the field of social work. The
experiential learning style theory has four stages of the learning cycle that the learner
often goes through. Those four stages are the concrete experience, going through a
new experience or re-evaluation of an old experience. Reflective observation of the new
experience or reviewing and looking back on the experience. Abstract conceptualization
which the learner learns from the experience and active experimentation which the
learner applies what they have learned from the experience to new experiences
(Mcleod, 2017). Utilizing these steps of the theory can help the social worker work with
their clients and help them work through their experiences more effectively.
Social workers could use experiential learning to accomplish an identified goals
when working with the elderly population in a long-term care facility. Long-term care
facilities provide care for those that can no longer live in the community. Experiential
learning would benefit the elderly in long-term care facilities who have experienced
trauma, isolation, and anxiety. Due to long-term care facilities shutting down for
visitation because of COIVD and often residents being made to stay in their room and
not socialize with other residents due to COVID, they have experienced isolation. Also,
we have seen residents experience trauma or anxiety from moving from their homes to
the facility. In addition, experiential learning could help those in long-term care to use
prior knowledge to work through the current problem and engage with others who have
experienced the same thing, which helps build bonds socially and culturally, which
impacts one’s identity, relationships, goals, and achievements (Weese et al., 2016).
The event that would be utilized for these residents is Music Therapy. Music Therapy
can help reduce feelings of isolation, anxiety, and cope with trauma. It can help socially
by increasing communication and social skills as you experience music with others. It
can help emotionally through self-reflection, such as analyzing your thoughts and
feelings, and self-regulation, such as managing your thoughts and feelings by creating
healthy coping skills and increasing motivation and joy (Cleveland Clinic, 2020). A goal
for the residents would be to keep a journal about the experience and what they have
learned or how their throughs and feeling have changed since starting music therapy
which can help them reflect. Experiential learning allows the learner to reflection in
action, such as reflecting while experiencing, and reflection on action, such as thinking
about what has happened (Drysdale, 2019). Another goal is to partner up with a
resident in the music therapy group other than their roommate this will help build
connections and reduce the feeling of isolation. This will help them get involved with
others, and they can learn from each other. As mention before experiential learning can
help engage with others who have experienced the same thing which helps build bonds
socially (Weese et al., 2016).
Post 2 EL
Experiential learning theories helps us to understand the ways in which people learn.
Experiential learning is a process during which young people and adults learn skills and
develop knowledge through real-world, hands-on experiences. Experiential learning is
one of many ways young and adults learn and grow, (USDA).
According to D. Kolb, 1984 experiential learning is the process whereby knowledge is
created through the transformation of experience. Knowledge results from the
combination of grasping and transforming experience.
Experiential learning is important when it comes to our role as social workers. Like they
say, experience is best teacher in life. Experiential learning teaches a person to
examine his or her actions, thoughts processes and even once emotional responses.
Experiential learning helps guide social workers, working professionals or even anyone
to internally reflect and prepares us at our workplace. As social workers, this helps
prepares us in making major important decisions when working with clients and their
families. Through experiential learning, social work is able to improve his or her
relationship with their clients and client’s family.
From reading the module, we learned that, Kolb argues that effective learning
experience is seen as the learner goes through the four stages or cycle of learning.
Such as concrete learning, reflective observation, abstract conceptualization, and active
experimentation. These learning experiences are important when working with all ages
of clients. As Kolb places strong emphasis on the role experiences play in the learning
process. When working with children and adolescent, using experiential learning helps
them to understand themselves fully. This is important in building their skills, ideas, and
Applying experiential learning knowledge to children and adolescent as social worker
will create an opportunity for them to immediately apply the knowledge they learn from
you. Since the goal is to help them retain the information they learn. Experiential
learning goal is help the children spend time reflecting about what they are experiencing
and learning. This is valuable the children or clients that social worker is working with
are able to better retain information when they can think about what’s happening to
Post 3 PE
According to Grinnell, et al, 2019, program logic models vary in design and they
“support a display that can be tested for feasibility. (p.133) The program logic model will
provide enough information and detail to support a program’s key elements in
supporting an intervention program. The logic model is more complex than the theory of
change model in that it is more detailed in design. The logic model describes what is
planned and what results are expected to achieve the end plan. Sage publications
indicates that logic models offer strategic planning that involves critical thinking and
review which challenges us to improved thinking. Using program logic models and
improved thinking helps influence the program’s effectiveness.
This student found a website by The Department of Health and Human Services USA
Administration for Children and Families which provided a logic model tips sheet, that
was to be congruent with the Grinnell text. The logic model observed was for Coaching
in the Head Start Program. This student found the literature and model logic interesting.
The implementation of a program logic model design as an example with a well known
program was reassuring to see what she is being taught in class is exercised in
practice. Although, this website only provided an example of a program logic model and
not the tools to develop a model, the main website www.acf.hhs offers a program logic
model tips sheet that will be an useful resource for future use. The strengths of this logic
model is the evaluation of the design to see if the results are being achieved. If not, then
the logic model allows for reevaluation of what can be changed to make better
decisions. The weakness is the logic model does not guarantee success.
Post 4 PE
According to our reading a logical model is a map that presents a visual picture that
displays connections among various components of a program (Grinnell et al, 2019).
Theories of change and logic models differ based off detail. The logic model is more
detailed and has more elements that focus on a specific target (Grinnell et al., 2019).
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention explains a Logic Models to be a graphic
(road map) that presents shared relationships and how their different outcomes impact
the program (CDC, 2018).
The resource that was beneficial for helping me understand Logic Models would
be the Compass for Social and Behavioral change. The model is easily understood and
breaks down the strengths and the why behind the program design. Being able to
identify the strengths and weaknesses of a program helps the user to see the problem
needing to be fixed. The article explains why develop a logic model. Basically, defining
the inputs, outputs, and outcomes early in the planning process betters activity flow and
the ending results (SBC, 2015). The guide is designed for people that are not
necessarily researchers but need to understand the reasoning and process of
conduction research. Another reason why I found this resource to be relatable.
Basically, the designer needs to be able to plan out learning objectives, the time needed
for the logic model, the problem, determine the key program inputs, determine outputs,
identify outcomes, create a outline, think about influencing factors, identify program
indicators, and put together the conclusion (How to Develop a Logic Model | the
Compass for SBC, 2015). This resource is useful for me because it visually breaks
down and provides broken down examples for each step. We all learn differently so
having this option can be useful for not only myself, but many others wanting to design
their own logic model. I learn best visually and by practicing examples on my own. A
weakness would be not having multiple visual examples for additional clarity. A pro is
logic models can look different and there is no one way to complete them. This allows
creativity for researchers and the opportunity to continue discovering new models for

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