+1(978)310-4246 credencewriters@gmail.com

Choose an object – a specific object – that has to do with communications. I am thinking of objects that are physically found in museums, such as the IDC’s museum of communications. But you can do choose an object online from a communications / computer / technology museum online. (Not just a hobbyist’s blog!)

1). One person writes 2-3 pages on its specific history: production, when used, how popular, why important, etc. (More than what is said on the plaque in the museum itself…)

2). Another person writes 2-3 pages on how it

relates to what we learned about mass media in class.


If you choose the German popular radio, the


which is incidentally also found in the IDC communication museum, you need to do research about it: when it was produced, why it was popular or was required listening, etc. (If possible, also note what is known about the history, or what is special about, the


item on display — either physically if possible or in online museums, etc. — the


printing press, television, or copy of a newspaper on display). Then, in the second part, you need need to consider what this “biography” shows us about what we will learn in class about the use of radio for propaganda (in this case).

Similarly, if you choose – to give another example from the museum — the first printing press in the Holy Land, from 1840, do some research on where it was stationed, what was printed in it, etc., — and then related that particular case to the theme we learned in the class of the effect of print on society. (You can also disagree! I will accept work that says in effect, “You said in class that the effect of printing on society was X, but when I looked at how this printing press affected its local society I discovered Y.” What matters is the quality of research.)

You can work in pairs or singly. Pairs may divide the work “naturally” between them based on the two parts, as above. but that is not required. It is possible to do the assignment in threes. But in that case, you need to choose two different items – for example, two different radio receives from different periods – and in the third part compare them and show how the development from one item to another shows us something about the radio’s effect.

For example: if you choose a 1940s immobile, large radio vs. a 1960s mobile, small transistor radio, you can show this means the radio became


at the time, and do some research in the third part about what the social effect of the miniaturization of the radio was.


1. Cover page with the name of the work and your IDs

2. Table of content

3. Introduction – about half a page, just about what you chose and what your conclusion was.

4. Part I: “biography” of an item you chose. 2-3 pages

(If doing in threes: part 4a,

in addition

to part 4: A “biography” of a second item).

5. Part II: what does the “biography” of the item in part I show us about the general development of this sort of media? 2-3 pages.

(If doing in threes: part 5a, i

nstead of

part 5: compare the two items in parts 4 and 4a and show what the differences between them show about the development of media of this sort.)

6. Summary: half a page or so.

7. Bibliography: use 2-3 academic sources for each part. You cannot use what we said in the lesson as an academic source, but you may for our purpose use the textbooks or other articles we read as an academic source. You also can count the communication museum where you found the item as an academic source. That is, it’s OK if one of the sources is “IDC museum, display of X” or an Online museum of Y, item Z (in the latter case, quote it as a web page, see below) – with information found there about the item in question.) Wikipedia is not an academic source, as you know, but on the other hand, it is allowed to use Wikipedia to find academic sources in the Wikipedia article’s bibliography.

Fonts and spacing

Use a “standard” font (Times New Roman or Arial), default margins, and either 1.5 or double-spaced text.


I have note yet decided when the work will be due. One thing for sure is that you will have enough time!

How to quote material


is an excellent guide on how to quote material in the bibliography at the end of the work, using APA, MLA, and other styles. Either MLA style or APA style are fine, but be consistent – use the same one throughout. On the left of the web page you can see how to quote books, articles, web pages, etc., etc. Now, this is the way the works are written in the bibliography in the end. In the work itself, when you refer to a source in the bibliography, put the author’s name(s), year of source, and page number in parenthesis next to the information you get from the source – whether you directly quote the source or paraphrase it. Do not use footnotes or endnotes. Example:

As McLuhan said, “the medium is the message” (McLuhan, 1980, 340) (direct quotation)

McLuhan considered the medium to be more important than the message (McLuhan, 1980, 340) (your paraphrase).

Whether you use a paraphrase or a direct quote, please always note the source. This way I can tell the difference between what you are claiming and what your sources are claiming.

One exception for the quotation rules. As noted above, I will accept as an “academic” source in the bibliography if you write “IDC museum, display of X” – and, in the body of the work, just write in parenthesis (IDC museum) for information taken from the display of an object there.

error: Content is protected !!