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Global health policies on trade are essential to build community capability and eventually sustain the health of the community in various ways. The relationship between the success of trade and high health quality health standards is mutual, given that a healthy population provides a strong basis and supply of labor for trade to flourish (Chattu et al., 2021). To successfully build a healthy community, resources must be obtained. Resources that are important for success are; pharmaceuticals, medical devices, food safety, and access to health care. For instance, during the height of the Covid-19 pandemic, the governments issued directives that required the scale down of production and trading activities. The lifting of the Covid-19 restrictions led to an increase in global aggregate demand for products ranging from primary goods to manufactured goods. Among the goods were personal protective equipment used by health practitioners, face masks, and vaccines, which positively impacted the community’s health once their manufacture and trade began (Chattu et al., 2021). This is an example where the health of the community is directly proportional to the success of trade in the societies. On the other hand, the success of trade ensures that the household and national income also go up, making it possible for the government to invest in health programs that promote community health (Chattu et al., 2021). For instance, with increasing trade activities, household and firm income go up; with the rising firm and household income, tax revenue for the government also increases. Increasing tax revenue means an increasing government’s ability to invest in public health improvement programs that elevate community health.
While trade is essential for communities to function, there is potential for trade to negatively impact the health of a community. trade agreements are often profit-oriented. Therefore, when a trade occurs this is not always done with the influence of monetary gain and is not health-focused. An example of this would be pharmaceutical companies monopolizing will further be able to control the costs of medications and vaccines with the knowledge those living in poverty will not be able to afford these life-saving measures (Chattu et al., 2021). Secondly, for these trades to occur, often companies focus on urbanized areas due to the plethora of care options comparatively, again focusing on the capital gain where resources are abundant (Chattu et al., 2021). Improving interaction between regulatory agencies and communities by networking to build collaboration, and developing strategies for health and non-health aspects of trade will further work towards fairness for all to access services.