APA: What is it?
APA style is a style of formatting and organizing written
material. The guidelines help writers organize their writings
in a â€œclear, precise, and inclusive mannerâ€ (APA Style Blog,
n.d., para. 1).
The layout of the paper
In-text citations &
When Citing Sources, What Info Do I Need?
Authorâ€™s last name OR â€¢ Authorâ€™s last name OR
the name of the
the name of the
Year of publication
â€¢ Year of publication
Page or paragraph #
â€¢ A signal phrase (for
A signal phrase
Helpful Tips and Tricks for Paraphrasing
Change single words and phrases (there are exceptions)
Change the sentence structure and grammar
Keep the meaning of the text
Use concise and specific language â€“ be brief, but specific
Avoid looking at the source while trying to paraphrase
Explain the info to a classmate
In-Text Citations- Author/ Authors
Smith and Wilson (2021)
Smith et al. (2021)
Association (APA, 2021)
(Smith & Wilson, 2021).
(Smith et al., 2021).
(American Psychological Association [APA], 2020).
If writing isnâ€™t your forte, think in mathematical terms:
According to + Author (year) + comma + â€œdirect quoteâ€ + (page/para.).
Author (year) + verb + comma + â€œdirect quoteâ€ + (page/para.).
Author (year) + verb + that + the text in your own words.
The text in your own words + (Author, year).
According to the APA Style Blog (n.d.), â€œAPA Style
consists of a simple set of procedures, or style
guidelines, that would codify the many components of
scientific writing to increase the ease of reading
comprehensionâ€ (para. 1).
The rules and guidelines of APA Style assist writers
with organizing their writing in a way that improves the
readability of the content (APA Style Blog, n.d.).
â€¢ Use same font as the essay with double spacing (no bullets
â€¢ Place sources in hanging indent
â€¢ Invert authors’ names (Last, F. M.)
â€¢ Alphabetize entries (A-Z) by the last name of the first
author of each source
â€¢ Adhere to rules for punctuation, capitalization, and italics
Remember the four Wâ€™s: WHO (WHEN) WHAT WHERE
Always begin with a cover page/slide
Florida National University
Instructorâ€™s full name
Due date (Month Day, Year)
Always include a header/title for each slide
Use consistent, parallel formatting
Include 4-6 bullet points per slide
Make header TNR size ~45; body font
b/w 24-30 and TNR
Make references size 12-14 and TNR
Paraphrase > Quote
You may use short paragraphs (only one
You may use short quotations (if you
canâ€™t paraphrase the sentence)
Always cite your sources!
Cite, cite, cite!
Include references at the bottom of each slide â€“ hanging indent
(Author, year, p. #)
if youâ€™re quoting
Figures must be numbered and
titled, and they must include a
note that includes a brief
description of the image,
followed by the copyright
attribution. See the following
charts for formatting/examples
of the copyright attribution, and
click the link below for general
info on how to title, number,
and write notes for the figure.
Visit the Writing
links, and videos
related to APA and
Use FNU Campus/Online Library. Contact
the Writing Lab Director:
Ms. Ileana Torres, M.S.
Writing Lab hours of operation are Monday
through Thursday from 8:30 am â€“ 12:30pm
pm. and Friday from 9:00 am – 12:00 pm.
APA Style Blog. (n.d.). About APA style.
Howard, C. (n.d.). Alzheimerâ€™s disease. MedicineNet.
Langan, J., & Albright, Z. L. (2015). English skills with readings
(9th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.
Misser, E., & Bell, S. (n.d.). APA: How to use sources. Laurier.
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