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APA Format
Research and
PowerPoint Assignment
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APA: What is it?
APA style is a style of formatting and organizing written
material. The guidelines help writers organize their writings
in a “clear, precise, and inclusive manner” (APA Style Blog,
n.d., para. 1).
•
•
•
The layout of the paper
In-text citations &
references
Tables/charts, videos,
images, etc.
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When Citing Sources, What Info Do I Need?
•
•
•
•
•
Quotes
Paraphrases/Summaries
Author’s last name OR • Author’s last name OR
the name of the
the name of the
organization
organization
Year of publication
• Year of publication
Page or paragraph #
• A signal phrase (for
A signal phrase
narrative citations)
Quotation marks
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Helpful Tips and Tricks for Paraphrasing
•
•
•
•
•
•
Change single words and phrases (there are exceptions)
Change the sentence structure and grammar
Keep the meaning of the text
Use concise and specific language – be brief, but specific
Avoid looking at the source while trying to paraphrase
Explain the info to a classmate
In-Text Citations- Author/ Authors
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Narrative
Parenthetical
Smith (2021)
Smith and Wilson (2021)
Smith et al. (2021)
American Psychological
Association (APA, 2021)
APA (2021
(Smith, 2021).
(Smith & Wilson, 2021).
(Smith et al., 2021).
(American Psychological Association [APA], 2020).
(APA, 2021).
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If writing isn’t your forte, think in mathematical terms:
QUOTES
According to + Author (year) + comma + “direct quote” + (page/para.).
Author (year) + verb + comma + “direct quote” + (page/para.).
PARAPHRASES
Author (year) + verb + that + the text in your own words.
The text in your own words + (Author, year).
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Paraphrase This:
According to the APA Style Blog (n.d.), “APA Style
consists of a simple set of procedures, or style
guidelines, that would codify the many components of
scientific writing to increase the ease of reading
comprehension” (para. 1).
The rules and guidelines of APA Style assist writers
with organizing their writing in a way that improves the
readability of the content (APA Style Blog, n.d.).
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References
• Use same font as the essay with double spacing (no bullets
or numbering)
• Place sources in hanging indent
• Invert authors’ names (Last, F. M.)
• Alphabetize entries (A-Z) by the last name of the first
author of each source
• Adhere to rules for punctuation, capitalization, and italics
.
.
.
.
Remember the four W’s: WHO (WHEN) WHAT WHERE
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Always begin with a cover page/slide
Title
Your Name
Florida National University
Course name/number
Instructor’s full name
Due date (Month Day, Year)
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Always include a header/title for each slide
HEADER
Use consistent, parallel formatting
Include 4-6 bullet points per slide
Make header TNR size ~45; body font
b/w 24-30 and TNR
Make references size 12-14 and TNR
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HEADER
Paraphrase > Quote
You may use short paragraphs (only one
or two)
You may use short quotations (if you
can’t paraphrase the sentence)
Always cite your sources!
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Cite, cite, cite!
HEADER
(Author, year)
Include references at the bottom of each slide – hanging indent
Or:
(Author, year, p. #)
if you’re quoting
Figures
Figures must be numbered and
titled, and they must include a
note that includes a brief
description of the image,
followed by the copyright
attribution. See the following
charts for formatting/examples
of the copyright attribution, and
click the link below for general
info on how to title, number,
and write notes for the figure.
https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/rese
arch_and_citation/apa_style/ap
a_formatting_and_style_guide/
apa_tables_and_figures.html
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Visit the Writing
Studio on
Blackboard to
access handouts,
links, and videos
related to APA and
the writing
process.
Use FNU Campus/Online Library. Contact
the Writing Lab Director:
Ms. Ileana Torres, M.S.
Email: irojas@fnu.edu
Writing Lab hours of operation are Monday
through Thursday from 8:30 am – 12:30pm
pm. and Friday from 9:00 am – 12:00 pm.
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References
APA Style Blog. (n.d.). About APA style.
https://apastyle.apa.org/about-apa-style
Howard, C. (n.d.). Alzheimer’s disease. MedicineNet.
https://www.medicinenet.com/alzheimers_disease_causes
_stage
s_and_symptoms/article.htm#alzheimers_disease_facts
Langan, J., & Albright, Z. L. (2015). English skills with readings
(9th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education.
Misser, E., & Bell, S. (n.d.). APA: How to use sources. Laurier.
https://downloads.wlu.ca/downloads/academics/supportand-advising/documents/apa-sources.pdf

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