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MIDTERM EXAM

Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions

2.1 Rational Expressions

These 3 math problems. ^

Quiz DUE: APR 12, 2021…

Chapter 7
Founding a Nation, 1783–
1789
The Articles of Confederation
•US first written constitution
– 1777
– Weak constitution
– Did not create a strong central gov.
– No president
– Established national control over
the west
Map 7.1 Western Lands, 1782–1802
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
America under the Confederation
• The Land Ordinances
– Divided western land into districts
– Land was sold in sections for $1 per acre
– Most was purchased by land speculators and
large companies
– Indians were displaced
– Prohibited slavery
Map 7.2 Western Ordinances, 1785–1787
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
America under the Confederation
•Limits of the Articles of 1777
•Shays’s Rebellion
–1786, Massachusetts
–Daniel Shay
–Farmer’s revolt
A New Constitution
•The Constitutional convention,
1787
•55 delegates, all men of
education and great wealth
•Belief in a strong, national
government
A New Constitution
Debate centered on how to
balance the power of federal
and state government and the
interests of small and large
states
James Madison, “father of the Constitution,”
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
Alexander Hamilton, another youthful leader
of the nationalists of the 1780s
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
A New Constitution
•Creation of a two-house Congress
– Senate (2 senators per state every 6
years)
– House of Representatives
(proportional to state population,
elected every 2 years)
•The Limits of Democracy
A New Constitution
•Federalism: the division of
powers
•System of checks and balances:
Separation of powers
– President (executive power)
– Congress (legislative power)
•House and Senate
– Supreme Court (judicial power)
A New Constitution
•The Debate over Slavery
•Slavery in the Constitution
–3/5 compromise
–Fugitive slave law
–Abolition of slave trade
Map 7.3 Ratification of the constitution
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
The Ratification Debate
•The Federalist versus Antifederalists
•Federalist Papers:
– 85 essays by Hamilton, John Jay
and James Madison
– Argued that the constitution and a
strong, central government were
essential to protect liberty
The Origin of the Bill of Rights
• Drafted by Madison
• Ratified by states in 1791
• First 10 amendments to the
constitution
• Meant to protect civil liberties from the
government
“We the People”
•National Identity: who is an
American?
•The constitution did not define
who are the citizens of the US
The Signing of the Constitution
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
“We the People”
•Indians in the New Nation
•Removal, disappearance or
assimilation?
Map 7.4 Indian Tribes, 1790
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
“We the People”
•Blacks and the Republic
•Race and immigration
–The Naturalization Act of 1790
–Allowed only free whites to
emigrate and become citizens
Table 7.1 Total Population and Black Population of the
United States, 1790
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
“We the People”
•Thomas Jefferson views on
slavery and race
In this late eighteenth-century engraving
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
An engraving from The Farmer’s
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
A Bankruptcy Scene
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
A fifty-dollar note issued by the Continental Congress
during the War of Independence.
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
The Philadelphia State House
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
This advertisement for the sale of 100 slaves from
Virginia to states farther south
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
The preamble to the Constitution
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Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
This satirical engraving by Amos Doolittle
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
In New York City’s Grand Federal Procession of 1788
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
In New York City’s Grand Federal Procession of 1788
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
Banner of the Society of Pewterers.
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Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
An engraving and poem
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
A medal issued to Red Jacket
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Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
The signing of the Treaty of Greenville of 1795
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company
The artist John Singleton Copley
Give Me Liberty!: An American history, 3rd Edition
Copyright © 2011 W.W. Norton & Company

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