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Step 2

Identify several articles/papers that has looked at issues similar to this or in similar

approaches

-What articles have been written about this topic?

-What articles have used similar analysis you intend to use?

General

Writing

and

Presentation

Guidelines

All assignments should:

Follow rules of grammar, spelling and punctuation,

Clearly state major points – supported by specific details, examples or analysis,

Be organized logically and

Contain sentences that are complete, clear and concise.

Papers must be word-processed in 12-point font, with 1 in. margins all around, double-

spaced, and saved in Microsoft Word or Adobe PDF format. Submissions should be

made through Canvas. The student’s name and a descriptive title should be in the header

of the first page; page numbers should be in the footer of every page after the first.

Follow APA editorial style (see: http://apastyle.apa.org/).

Step 3

Identify several spatially-explicit, relevant data sources you intend to use

-Population, air quality, shark attack locations, infant mortality rates…

General

Writing

and

Presentation

Guidelines

All assignments should:

Follow rules of grammar, spelling and punctuation,

Clearly state major points – supported by specific details, examples or analysis,

Be organized logically and

Contain sentences that are complete, clear and concise.

MORTALITY OF INFANTS
1
Infant Mortality Under the Age of One
Students Details
Professor
Institutional Details
Course
Due Date
MORTALITY OF INFANTS
2
What Factors Affect Infant Mortality Rate
Berrut et al. (2016) define an infant as a period following birth. The period is considered
delicate, necessitating every country around the globe to have basic measures in their health
systems to reduce mortalities (Mathews, 2017). With policies in place over the past decades,
infant mortality has declined spontaneously in several nations following the appropriate
measures put by individuals and organizations in partnership with the health sector. The results
have been tremendous. However, some factors still act as a barrier to the decline in rate despite
critical initiatives and policy implementations.
To find the factors in a population and health sector, enough information will be present
to assist in other policy-making and strategy implementation. This study will predict the date and
geometry of the death rate peak and decline. In addition to indicating that there would be a
significantly longer inflated relaxation phase following a period, it asserts that anytime
conditions change rapidly and drastically over a short period, there will be a spike in the death
rate. This factor may not be wished to happen. Therefore, the research will offer quantitative data
obtainment in the study and insight into the gaps the previous investigations never focused on.
With the baseline in information, aspects influencing the death rate will be well traced.
In every research, it is considered best practice to choose a specific group and settle on it
for study. The population focus involves researchers selecting an entire population and sampling
using a sampling frame to determine the sample size. Therefore, the study will focus on infants,
now that infancy is from birth to 1 year. Intended to focus on children who had problems that
predisposed them to risk of death based on conditions or other factors they had, either personal
or facility-related.
MORTALITY OF INFANTS
3
Literature Review
Based on previous research, factors affecting infant mortality were vividly discussed,
depicting crucial concerns. Ever since, infant mortality rates have been deemed excellent
measures of health conditions between and within economies. Infant mortality rates naturally
follow elements affecting human development in a nation and vice versa. Because of poverty,
illiteracy, and societal biases (male partiality to females), among other factors more preferably
relating to the health management system, there is a high infant mortality rate (Zakir, 1999).
Economic progress is hampered by a population of sickly, unhealthy children who grow up to
become invalid adults predisposed to illness. It lowers employee productivity. Therefore, these
factors impact the general population globally. An impact that needs to be addressed promptly.
Aly (1990) stated that sociodemographic factors were some of the influences. An
observation was made, and there was a poor rural lifestyle because of poverty. There was also an
aspect of education for mothers. A good number could not tell some of the danger signs of a
child. A principle that aids in early interventions and prevents death. Other than danger signs,
there is also an aspect to breastfeeding exclusively for six months as the majority could not
adhere to it, resulting in early weaning of the infant. What happens is the immune of the child
ends up compromised predisposing one to infections that cause disease, which, when it is severe,
mortality results. Therefore, recommendations were made to lower infant mortality, and the
findings also demonstrate the necessity of housing improvements and hygiene. However,
launching a brutal health education campaign on hygiene and breastfeeding was necessary to
promote enlightenment.
MORTALITY OF INFANTS
4
There is a very high death rate before the age of a few hours, days, or weeks. There are
differences between the causes of newborn fatalities at the earlier and later stages of infancy.
Focusing on endogenous factors, the mother’s age, birth weight and prematurity are some of the
leading causes. Based on mothers’ age, those below 19 years have increased chances of losing an
infant, a statistic that depreciates as one advance in age. Also, weight below 2 kilograms is
considered low mass. Therefore, the chances and risks of mortality are high (Barman, N., &
Talukdar, D., 2014). Prematurity contributes to the deaths of infants since the vital organs are
less immature to adapt to the surrounding factors. The abovementioned factors fall under
biological causes and can either be linked to the mother or genetic. Therefore, there was a focus
since they impact a generation’s future healthy life.
Relevant Data Source
The study will use a case-control approach to finding and collecting data. However, a
total population of 100 infants who died at less than one-year-old will be captured. The records
will be charged in houses and health facility mortality records of infants. Therefore, each data
will be linked according to the respective time and demographic details. However, in homes with
health facilities, mothers will be interviewed one to one to try and identify some of the resultant
impacts that may have resulted in either illness or death of their infants. The data and statistics
will be compared to the records of World Health Organizations to draw a comparison on the rate
and to determine whether there is a change from previous research. High growth in pollution,
particularly in the developing economies, is one of the world’s most pressing challenges today.
The study will therefore help different institutions to find the best suitable methods of
minimizing the factors relating to infant mortality. The solutions derived from the data will play
a positive role in the next generation regarding their health.
MORTALITY OF INFANTS
5
References
Aly, H. Y. (1990). Demographic and socioeconomic factors affecting infant mortality in
Egypt. Journal of biosocial science, 22(4), 447-451.
Barman, N., & Talukdar, D. (2014). Socio-Demographic factors affecting infant mortality rate in
Assam. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, 3(5), 1893-1900.
Berrut, S., Pouillard, V., Richmond, P., & Roehner, B. M. (2016). Deciphering infant
mortality. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 463, 400-426.
https://www.djsresearch.co.uk/glossary/item/Target-Population
Mathews, T. J., & Driscoll, A. K. (2017). Trends in infant mortality in the United States, 20052014.
Zakir, M., & Wunnava, P. V. (1999). Factors affecting infant mortality rates: evidence from
cross–sectional data. Applied Economics Letters, 6(5), 271-273.

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