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Critical Thinking Questions:
(Marks 5)
Question 1:
(1 Mark)
Suppose you are a member of a group asked to find ways to cut costs throughout your
organization for the upcoming year. Sales have fallen sharply, and the company is in
danger of going out of business. After gathering information, your group concludes that
the company will save the most money by freezing pay for a year, despite a tradition of
annual salary increases. How can you make sure this is a fair decision? How can you
make sure that others in the organization will see it as a fair decision?
Question 2:
Case Analysis
(2 Marks)
Care, a health consultancy company in Saudi Arabia, is studying the economic benefits of
a program of preventative COVID-19 flu vaccinations. Care has to give advice to
government for COVID-19 vaccination. If vaccinations are not introduced then the
estimated cost to the government if flu strikes in the next year is SR.70m with probability
0.1, SR.100m with probability 0.3 and SR.150m with probability 0.6. It is estimated that
such a program will cost SR.70m and that the probability of flu striking in the next year is
0.75.
One alternative open to the committee is to institute an “early-warning” monitoring
scheme (costing SR.30m) which will enable it to detect an outbreak of flu early and
hence institute a rush vaccination program (costing SR.100m because of the need to
vaccinate quickly before the outbreak spreads).
Question
Ã¢â‚¬Â¢
As a consultant of Care, Develop a decision tree for alternatives and make
recommendation to Indian government that which alternative can maximize
expected economic benefits?
Question 3:
(1 Mark)
Decision support tools rely on objective, mathematical data. What part does ethics play in
using decision support software?
Question 4:
(1 Mark)
If you collect too much information for analyzing a decision, you can suffer from
analysis paralysis, where you spend too much time thinking about a decision rather than
making one. Recall a major financial decision you made recently, such as of a car or
housing purchase or rental. Describe your process for making the decision. How could
analysis paralysis have affected this process?