A 74-year-old African American woman, Ms. Richardson, was brought to the hospital emergency room by the police. Â She is unkempt, dirty, and foul-smelling. Â She does not look at the interviewer and is apparently confused and unresponsive to most of his questions. Â She knows her name and address, but not the day of the month. She is unable to describe the events that led to her admission.
The police reported that they were called by neighbors because Ms. Richardson had been wandering around the neighborhood and not taking care of herself. Â The medical center mobile crisis unit went to her house twice but could not get in and presumed she was not home. Finally, the police came and broke into the apartment, where they were met by a snarling German shepherd. Â They shot the dog with a tranquilizing gun and then found Ms. Richardson hiding in the corner, wearing nothing but a bra. The apartment was filthy, the floor littered with dog feces. Â The police found a gun, which they took into custody. The following day, while Ms. Richardson was awaiting transfer to a medical unit for treatment of her out-of-control diabetes, the psychiatric provider attempted to interview her. Â Her facial expression was still mostly unresponsive, and she still didnâ€™t know the month and couldnâ€™t say what hospital she was in. Â She reported that the neighbors had called the police because she was â€œsick,â€ and indeed she had felt sick and weak, with pains in her shoulder; in addition, she had not eaten for 3 days. Â She remembered that the police had shot her dog with a tranquilizer and said the dog was now in â€œthe shopâ€ and would be returned to her when she got home. Â She refused to give the name of a neighbor who was a friend, saying, â€œheâ€™s got enough troubles of his own.â€ She denied ever being in a psychiatric hospital or hearing voices but acknowledged that she had at one point seen a psychiatrist â€œnear downtownâ€ because she couldnâ€™t sleep. Â He had prescribed medication that was too strong, so she didnâ€™t take it. Â She didnâ€™t remember the name, so the interviewer asked if it was Thorazine. Â She said no, it was â€œallal.â€ Â â€˜Haldol?â€, ask the interviewer. She nodded.
The interviewer was convinced that was the drug, but other observers thought she might have said yes to anything that sounded remotely like it, such as â€œElavil.â€ When asked about the gun, she denied, with some annoyance, that it was real and said it was a toy gun that had been brought to the house by her brother, who had died 8 years ago. Â She was still feeling weak and sick, complained of pain in her shoulder, and apparently had trouble swallowing. Â She did manage to smile as the team left her bedside.
Remember to answer these questions from your textbooks and clinical guidelines to create your evidence-based treatment plan. At all times, explain your answers.
Summarize the clinical case including the significant subjective and objective data.
Generate a primary and two differential diagnoses. Â Use the DSM5 to support the assessment. Â Include the DSM5 and ICD 10 codes.
Discuss a pharmacological treatment would you prescribe? Use the clinical guidelines to support the rationale for this treatment.
Discuss non-pharmacological treatment would you prescribe? Â Use the clinical guidelines to support the rationale for this treatment.
Describe a health promotion intervention that would be appropriate for this patient.