by Zixuan Hu
Submission date: 17-Mar-2022 08:09PM (UTC+0000)
Submission ID: 173773233
File name: plan.pdf (116.65K)
Word count: 1324
Character count: 7395
This is a very important research topic. However,,
the poor quality of writing has at times prohibited
the author from clearly explaining the research
objectives and signiï¬cance. To begin with, it’s not
clear what the author means by referring to
‘China’s geopolitics.’ Besides, the author needs
to clarify how the three proposed dimensions of
analysis (economic strategies, maritime military
presence, and maritime policies) are inter-related and
form a coherent research puzzle. Besides, the author
needs to show some knowledge of the existing
literature and explains how the proposed research ï¬lls
a gap in the literature. In addition, there should be
engagements with related studies of the 2016 Hague
ruling. Further, the author needs to explain the
proposed methods for the research undertaking.
Lastly, the bibliography section is incomplete.
Odd sentence. How can ‘politics and international relations’ view the world?
What do you mean by this?
Clarify how these three dimensions (economic strategies, maritime military presence, and
maritime policies) are inter-related and form a coherent research puzzle.
You have not started your research yet, so it’s odd to already reach your conclusion. Besides,
what do you mean by ‘adversarial negotiations’? This concept has not appeared in the
preceding part of the short abstract.
See the ï¬rst in-text comment
This Hague ruling was important and should form part of your analysis. Read related
scholarly works about this and engage them in your thesis.
This seems to be a wrong reading of the ruling.
Some of the work cited are not included here. Some of the entries are incomplete.
Add full range of page numbers for the article
PAIR6008 â€“ L2
IMPORTANT elements when deciding the
1. WHAT IS MY RQ/PUZZLE?
2. WHY IS IT IMPORTANT
3. HOW WILL I ANSWER THIS RQ?
STRUCTURE OF A
ï‚— An important part of your paper/dissertation
ï‚— One of the last parts to be written/revised
ï‚— Provides a succinct summary of your
ï‚— Key points to include:
âž¢Your research question (RQ) and the broader
research context (WHAT)
âž¢Brief mention of the relevance of the RQ (WHY)
âž¢Your hypothesis/argument, methodology (HOW)
âž¢Structure of the paper
â€¢ Structure of the introduction: from the
general to the specific â€“grab readerâ€™s
The â€˜Literature Reviewâ€™-Aims
Place one’s original work in the context of existing literature.
Interpret the major issues surrounding your topic.
Describe the relationship of each work to the others under
Identify new ways to interpret, and shed light on any gaps in
Resolve conflicts among seemingly contradictory previous
Determine which literature makes a significant contribution to the
understanding of your topic.
Point the way to further research on your topic.
Why do I need a literature
What research question(s) are you asking?
Why are you asking it/them?
Has anyone else done anything similar?
Is your research relevant to research/practice/theory
in your field?
What is already known or understood about this
How might your research add to this understanding,
or challenge existing theories and beliefs?
Reading anything on your research area is a good start. You
can then begin your process of evaluating the quality and
relevance of what you read, and this can guide you to more
focussed further reading.
What is the specific thesis, problem, or research question
that my literature review helps to define?
What type of literature review am I conducting? Am I looking
at issues of theory? methodology? policy? quantitative
research? qualitative research?
What is the scope of my literature review? What types of
publications am I using (e.g., journals, books, government
documents, popular media)?
What discipline(s) am I working in (e.g., political science,
Content of the literature
(building your bibliography)
ï‚— Research Question (RQ)
Eg: How effective is the EU asylum policy in protecting the
rights of refugees?
Key concepts: asylum policy, effectiveness,
refugees, protection of rights
Relevant academic bibliographic sources
that allow understanding, critically assessing and
presenting the academic debate around your RQ:
-books, book chapters, journal articles
-journalistic sources, blogs etc: only as a prop,
NOT as main reference
Form the main discussion
of your literature review by:
ï‚— Analysing and evaluating the themes, issues,
propositions (=suggestions, conclusions, opinions
of authors) found in the literature
ï‚— Synthesising (=drawing together/combining)
common themes, issues, propositions to enable
you to draw reasoned conclusions
ï‚— Comparing and contrasting themes, issues,
propositions, research outcomes
ï‚— Language tip: use linking words to help with
ï‚— Critical reading/literature review
ï‚— â€œan interpretation and synthesis of published
Areas of Expertise in PAIR
ï‚— Public Policy
ï‚— International Relations
ï‚— Political Theory
ï‚— Political Analysis
.page to see our specialisms
â–ª Start approaching potential supervisors
ï‚— You need to submit your proposed
dissertation abstract by March 4 4pm
ï‚— Use the Abstract Form (on Blackboard)
ï‚— Word count: maximum 1,000 words
ï‚— Abstract mark: 10% of your PAIR6008
ï‚— The abstract should give details of:
â—¦ Your specific research question
â—¦ Why your research question is important/relevant in
the subject area
â—¦ How you propose to investigate it (your methodology)
â—¦ How your main research question might break down
into a series of sub-questions, which will likely form
the basis for your separate chapters, thus providing
structure for your dissertation.
â—¦ Which sources you intend to use (very brief literature
review, plus indications of any other materials, e.g.
databases etc, that you will consult).
Tips for chapters/sections
ï‚— A final sentence or two of a chapter
should form a bridge to the next chapter
ï‚— Cross-references citing page or section
numbers are usefully added to link the
specific information in other chapters
(keep in mind: you can only do it at the
ï‚— Paragraphs: make one overall point or
deal with one topic. The first sentence
introduces this, subsequent sentences
develop this, the final sentence may form
a conclusion and lead to next paragraph
Tips for chapters/sections
ï‚— Sentences: best to keep these short
ï‚— Use terminology consistently: There are
often several words that can be used
with roughly the same meaning.
ï‚— To void confusion, define your terms
and abbreviations the first time they are
used and use exactly the same terms
Too many words?
ï‚— Aim to make most paragraphs of roughly
even length â€“ reduce the ones which are
ï‚— Reduce long sentences by using
punctuation, especially full stops, colons,
ï‚— Keep quotations brief, paraphrase
ï‚— Represent complicated data and
relationships in tables, graphs
ï‚— Use sub-sections, avoid overly long
sections; but donâ€™t overdo it!
ï‚— When editing, work with a hard copy as well
as on screen â€“ you will be surprised!
ï‚— Treat checking references and bibliography
construction as a separate task!
ï‚— Delete surplus sentences: use 1 word to do
the job of 2 or 3 (â€˜very importantâ€™ or
ï‚— Make one pass through the document
ignoring the meaning of the sentences â€“
concentrate on the language, grammar,
ï‚— Avoid generalisations.
ï‚— Avoid hyperbole and exaggeration.
ï‚— Be objective as far as possible.
ï‚— Write early â€¦then rewriteâ€¦then rewrite
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