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State the basic claims of Locke’s political theory. Give one reason to support his theory and one reason to reject it.

Should be one double-spaced page. Do not exceed one page. Be sure that your response is sufficient to address the prompt. Excellent journals will use argument and evidence to justify claims. Cite the coursework where it is appropriate. No outside citations are required.

THE SECOI{D
TREATISE
ON
CIVIL
GOVERI{MENT
JOHN LOCKE
Pro-“th”us Books
@
/:
)Y lo hn Ulenn u Ve
Amherst,NervYork14278-2197
CIIAPTER II
OT THE STATE OF NATURE
4. To understand political power aright, and,derive it
from its original, we must considerwhat estateall metr are
naturallvini and that is, a stateof perfectfreedomto order
and persons
their aciioni, and disposeof their possessions
larv
of Nature,
the
of
the
bounds
as thev thini< fit, within rvill of any the upon depending or withorit askinq leave other man. A state also of equality, wherein all the power and jurisdiction is reciprocai,no one having more than another, of the there beinsnofhingmoreevidentthan that creatures same all the promiscuously born to rank, and .u*" ,o..L, of Nature, ind the use of the same{aculties, advant^ages shouldaisobc equalone amongstanother,rvithoutsubordination or subieciion,unlessthe lord and masterof them all shoulci,by any manifest declarationbl his will, set T R U E EN D J F GOVER N M EN T one above another, and confer on him, by an evident and clear appointment, an undoubted right to dominion and soverelgnty, s. This equalityof men by Nature,the judiciousHooker loo"ksuoon is so'evident in itself, and beybnd all question. that he'makesit the foundationoi that obiieation -dutiesto mutuai they owe love amonqstmen on rvhichhe builds the one another,and from whencehe derivesthe great maxims oI iusticeand charity. His words are: 'iThe lik" naturalinducement hath brought men to know that it is no lesstheir duty to lovq othersthan themselves, for seeingthose things which are equal, must needs all have one measure; if I cannot but wish to receivegood., even as much at every man's hands,as any man can wish unto his own soul, how should I look to have any part of mv desirehereinsatisfied.unlessmyself be careful to satisfv th; like desire,which is-undoubtedlyin other men *eali, beingof one and the samenature: to have anything oftered to this desiremust needs,in all iespects, rtheri 'grieverepuqnant as much as me; so that if I do harm, I must them there being no reason that others should to sufier, i=ook show greater measureof love to me than they have by me showedunto them; my desire,therefore,to be loved of my may be,imposethupon equalsin Nature,asmuchaspossible mi a natural duty of beariig to themward fuily the iit Purchase answer to see full attachment

  
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