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ART HISTORY 102
COURSE PROJECT
STUDENT NAME
UNIT 1: 13TH-14TH CENTURY ITALY
• Add image of selected artifact
• Label: Title, Date Created, Location
Completed in Project 1
• Analysis of selected artifact
UNIT 1: 15TH CENTURY NORTHERN EUROPE
• Add image of selected Neolithic artifact
• Label: Title, Date Created, Location
Completed in Project 1
• Analysis of selected artifact
UNIT 2: EARLY RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
• Add image of selected Ancient Near
Eastern artifact
• Label: Title, Date Created, Location
Completed in Project 1
• Analysis of selected artifact
UNIT 2: HIGH RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
• Add image of selected Egyptian artifact
• Label: Title, Date Created, Location
Completed in Project 1
• Analysis of selected artifact
UNIT 3: THE LATE RENAISSANCE & MANNERISM IN
16TH CENTURY ITALY
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• Label: Title, Date Created, Location
Completed in Project 2
• Analysis of selected art piece
UNIT 3: RENAISSANCE & REFORMATION IN 16TH
CENTURY NORTHERN EUROPE
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• Label: Title, Date Created, Location
Completed in Project 2
• Analysis of selected art piece
UNIT 4: BAROQUE ART
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one country
• Label: Title, Date Created, Location
Completed in Project 2
• Analysis of selected art piece
UNIT 4: BAROQUE ART
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different country from previous slide
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Completed in Project 2
• Analysis of selected art piece
UNIT 5: ROCOCO
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• Label: Title, Date Created, Location
Completed in Project 3
• Analysis of selected art piece
UNIT 5: AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT OR ROMANTICISM
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• Label: Title, Date Created, Location
Completed in Project 3
• Analysis of selected art piece
UNIT 6: AGE OF POSITIVISM
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• Label: Title, Date Created, Location
Completed in Project 3
• Analysis of selected art piece
UNIT 6: PROGRESS AND ITS DISCONTENTS
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• Label: Title, Date Created, Location
Completed in Project 3
• Analysis of selected art piece
UNIT 7: TOWARD ABSTRACTION
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• Label: Title, Date Created, Location
• Analysis of selected art piece
UNIT 7: ART BETWEEN THE WARS
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• Label: Title, Date Created, Location
• Analysis of selected art piece
UNIT 8: POSTWAR TO POSTMODERN, 1945-1980
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• Label: Title, date Created, Location
• Analysis of selected art piece
UNIT 8: THE POSTMODERN ERA: ART SINCE 1980
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• Label: Title, date created, location
• Analysis of selected art piece
REFERENCES
• Use your textbook as one of your references.
• Add more slides as needed to include all references.
THE EVOLUTION OF ART TRHOUGHOUT THE YEARS
Tatiana Mabiala
Post University
ART102_32_ARTHISTORYII_2022_23_TERM1
Devin Howell
July 10, 2022
13th-14th century Italy
• The “Annunciation with St. Margaret and St. Ansanus” is one of the finest religious paintings completed by
Simone Martini (1284-1344), with the help of his brother-in-law and most important follower Lippo Memmi
(1291-1356). Created for Siena’s cathedral, the work consists of three-panel paintings painted in tempera and
gold, with a double-sized center panel.
• Martini had been a pupil of Duccio di Buoninsegna (1255-1319) when the latter was working on the Maesta
Altarpiece (1308-11) for Siena Cathedral, some twenty years earlier, and this new altarpiece would represent
Sienese culture at its very peak.
Name: Annunciation with St. Margaret
and St. Ansanus
Time: (1333),
Location: Uffizi Gallery, Florence
The triptych consists of a large center panel illustrating the Annunciation, flanked by two side panels showing Saint
Ansanus on the left, and Saint Margaret (or Saint Maxima) on the right, plus four tondoes in the upper cusps:
Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Isaiah and Daniel. The central panel shows Archangel Gabriel entering the house of the Virgin
Mary to announce that she has been selected to give birth to Jesus. Gabriel holds an olive branch (a traditional symbol
of peace) in his left hand, while his right hand indicates the Holy Ghost’s dove as it descends from heaven. The
background is entirely gilt, with a vase of lilies in the middle, representing the purity of the Virgin Mary. The work
originally decorated the Chapel of Saint Ansanus in the Cathedral of Siena, and was part of a series of four altarpieces
– commissioned during the period 1330-1350 – dedicated to Mary and to the city’s patron saints (St. Ansanus, St.
Crescentius, St. Sabinus of Spoleto, and St. Victor).
The annunciation being created in 1333 depicts the medieval timeline which run from 500 – 1400. this period
was also called the “Dark Ages” which marked Period of cultural and economic deterioration following the
collapse of the Roman Empire. Art created during this era was centered around the church. Much of art work
produced was characterized by brutal imagery and scenery reflecting the darkness. As this this period passed,
more elaborately decorated churches emerged, and the period was succeeded by the Early renaissance
timeline.
Innovations in 15th century Northern Europe
• The Netherlandish Proverbs art hangs in the Staatliche Museum in Berlin, Germany, was painted by Peter
Bruegel in 1559.
• It is oil on an oak panel measuring 46” x 64” and had two former titles: The Blue Cloak and The Folly of
the World.
• The overall style of this painting is Humanism, and it is also a form of religious Protestant art.
Name: Netherlandish Proverbs
Location: Gemaldegalerie
SMPK, Berlin
Time: 1559
Netherlandish Proverbs is thought to be the first large-scale representation of the genre in Flemish painting. The
proverbs in question are of two types: those which turn reason on its head, thus demonstrating the absurdity of
much of our behavior; and more serious proverbs illustrating the dangers of folly, which leads to sin. Following in
the moralistic (albeit more humanistic) tradition of Bosch, Bruegel offers us a topsy-turvy world, with the Devil
seen in the center of the painting hearing confession. Both the artist and his son, Pieter Bruegel the Younger, made
several copies of Netherlandish Proverbs, but not all versions show exactly the same proverbs. Netherlandish
Proverbs features a Lilliputian swarm of miniature men, women, children and animals acting out selected instances
of wisdom or folly.
The Netherlandish Proverbs was created in 1559 which was the renaissance period (). It falls under northern
Europe since it as not created in Italy and the year 1559 further falls under the Mannerism timeline which
spun 1527 to 1580. The Late Renaissance ideals of Michelangelo, Raphael, and other artists gave rise to the
Mannerism movement, but their emphasis on style and technique overshadowed the significance of the
subject matter. Frequently, figures had exaggerated description, small heads, graceful, oddly shaped limbs,
and graphic features. Instead of relying on the traditional ideologies of harmonious structure and linear point
of view used by their Renaissance forebears, this resulted in more complex, graphic compositions.
Early Renaissance in Italy (15th century)
• The Birth of Venus painting by Alessandro Botticelli is one of the most famous mythological paintings from
the Early Renaissance period.
• Although Sandro Botticelli was not as popular as other artists from the Renaissance, such as Leonardo da
Vinci or Michelangelo, he still contributed one of the most beautiful and sensory-enriching paintings of the
goddess Venus.
Name: The Birth of Venus
Time: 1484 – 1486 (by Sandro Botticell)
Loction: Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy
The Birth of Venus painting was created during the 1400s, which was a period in European history that saw a
lot of cultural and economic changes. Notable changes that took place during this time included the ending of
feudalism, which changed the European economic and social landscape. This was a transitionary period from
the Middle Ages (Medieval period) and art styles progressed from Byzantine to Romanesque and then
Gothic. This progression led to the beginning of the Renaissance, starting with the Proto-Renaissance and
then the Early Renaissance. Understandably, a lot of the prior art styles still lingered as the Early Renaissance
period became more rooted in newer ways of thinking about life and the individual within the world.
The Birth of Venus was painted in the 1484 – 1486 which is the early renaissance timeline. The Renaissance
movement took place in Italy and Northern Europe. However, the Early Renaissance predominantly
occurred in Florence and then Rome during the later years. It was spearheaded by wealthy families,
especially the Medici family. They were also avid patrons of the arts and commissioned various artists,
including Botticelli, to produce artworks for them.
High Renaissance in Italy (1495-1520)
• Created during the period 1495-98, Leonardo da Vinci’s mural painting known as The Last Supper – a
masterpiece of the Italian High Renaissance and one of the best-known works of Christian art.
• The picture measures 15 feet × 29 ft, and occupies an end wall in the dining hall at the convent of
Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan.
Name: The Last Supper
Time: 1452-1519 (Leonardo da Vinci)
Location: Convent of Santa Maria delle
Grazie, Milan.
The last Supper painting by Da Vinci illustrates the scene from the last days of Jesus Christ, as described in the
Gospel of John 13:21. Flanked by his twelve apostles, Jesus has just declared that one of them will betray him.
(“Verily I say unto you: one of you will betray me.”) The picture depicts the reaction of each disciple to the
news. Although on the surface it looks like a straightforward piece of Biblical art, it is in fact an exceptionally
complex work, whose mathematical symbolism, psychological complexity, use of perspective and dramatic
focus, make it the first real example of High Renaissance aesthetics. The painting captures twelve individuals in
the midst of querying, gesticulating, or showing various shades of horror, anger and disbelief. It’s live, it’s
human and it’s in complete contrast to the serene and expansive pose of Jesus himself.
The period of time of the last supper (1452-1519) fall under the high renaissance timeline. Da Vinci, Michelangelo, and
Raphael were a few of the influential artists who emerged during the High Renaissance, which took place between 1490
and 1527. Each of them contributed creative energy and led the way for ideals of emotional expression. Realistic
depictions of human anatomy, meticulous attention to detail, and realism were all hallmarks of Renaissance art. Intense
lighting and shading were used to create depth while using linear perspective. Shortly after the High Renaissance, when
conflicts between the Christian faith and humanism gave way to Mannerism, art started to change stylistically.
References
Farrar, R. C. (2000). The Original Location and Function of Simone Martini’s Annunciation Altarpiece. In Sartrean
Dialectics (pp. 39-51). Brill.
Janson, H. W., & Janson, A. F. (2004). History of art: the Western tradition. Prentice Hall Professional.
Janson, H. W., Janson, A. F., & Marmor, M. (1991). History of art.
Janson’s Brief History of Art, as a reference in APA format. Davies, P.J.E., Hofrichter, F.F., Jacobs, J.F., Simon, D.L., &
Roberts, A.S. (2019). Janson’s history of art, volume 2 (8th ed.). Pearson, Inc.
Long, J. C. (2008). Botticelli’s Birth of Venus as wedding painting. Aurora, The Journal of the History of Art, 9, 1-28.
Mori, Y. (2003). Bruegel’s Netherlandish Proverbs and corresponding images in old Japanese art. Acta historiae artium:
an art-historical journal of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 44, 191-205.
Wasserman, J. (2007). Rethinking Leonardo da Vinci’s” Last Supper”. Artibus et Historiae, 23-35.
ART HISTORY 102
THE EVOLUTION OF ART THROUGHOUT THE YEARS
Tatiana Mabiala
13th- 14th Century Italy.
Innovations in 15th Century Northern
Europe.
Early Renaissance in Italy (15th
Century).
High Renaissance in Italy (1495-1520).
The late Renaissance & Mannerism in
16th Century Italy.
Renaissance & Reformation in 16th
Century Northern Europe.
Baroque Art.
Baroque Art.
Rococo.
Age of Enlightenment or Romanticism.
The Age of Positivism.
Progress and its Discontents.
Toward Abstraction.
Art Between the Wars.
Postmodern, 1945-1980.
The Postmodern Era: Art Since 1980
References
• Davies, P. J. E., Denny, W. B., Hofrichter, F. F., Jacobs, J. F., Roberts, A. S., & Simon, D. L. (2010).
Janson’s History of Art: The Western Tradition, Volume II (8th Edition) (8th ed.). Pearson.

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