Thesis & TSs–
what — action step
Moving the paper’s tone from informative to persuasive will bring up your final draft score. You have a really well-researched paper here with impressive source integration.
why –reason for action step (which is helping with an ADD/ADHD diagnosis)
70-5 font directions: 65
Studentâ€™s Name: Nanginyi Isack Mollel
Professorâ€™s Name: Tracy Kristo
Course: Engl 1121
ADHD/ADD is an acronym for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. It is one of the
most diagnosed psychiatric disorders in children and can often cause abnormal behaviors such as
hyperactivity, restlessness, impulsiveness, and difficulty focusing (Pellow et al. 322). ADHD is a
neuro behavioral disorder of brain functioning that presents itself in children as a pattern of
impulsivity, inattention, and hyperactivity (Moncrieff 14). Children with ADHD often have
difficulty staying focused, leading to problems staying on task for extended periods (Barkley 7).
The most common treatments for ADHD are behavioral therapy, medication, and/or stimulants.
ADHD is more common in boys than girls. Some children may meet the criteria for both ADHD
and oppositional defiant disorder. Children with ADHD can be treated with behavior therapy or
stimulant medications such as Ritalin, Adderall, and Concerta. ADD/ADHD is a growth-oriented
disorder. It is characterized as a broad, developmental, and often chronic disturbance in the lives
of millions of children, adolescents, and adults. It is defined by disorganization in attention,
impulsivity, hyperactivity, and difficulty with the organization (Gould and Doucette 350).
ADHD underpins a range of other problems, including academic failure and academic
Developmental behavioral challenges among children with ADHD are seen in problems
with self-regulation, response inhibition, and emotion regulation. The variables for this disorder
typically develop during childhood. The onset of ADHD is usually between ages 6 and 12 but
can start at the age of three years. Children with ADHD are also more likely to have internalizing
disorders like depression and anxiety (Moore et al. 73-75). Although ADHD may be diagnosed
at any age, it is most common in children between 6-12 years of age. Symptoms usually diminish
with time, but some symptoms are lifelong. The disorder also affects patients or guardians
because it is a source of stress on the parent/guardian and the patient. The cognitive and
behavioral challenges are due to a part of ADHD that occurs in the background and whose
symptoms continue into adulthood (Spratt et al. 436). For example, the person with ADHD may
have a history of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention, which may be manifested as poor
self-control and low frustration tolerance, even if they now have jobs, homes, and families.
These challenges can cause impairment in work performance and challenges in the family unit.
ADHD patients are also likely to show challenges with relationships with significant others, such
as difficulty working out issues and low motivation for their relationships (Spratt et al 438).
The causes of ADHD are not well known, although many factors can be considered in
developing this condition. These include genetic, biological, environmental, and
behavioral/psychosocial. A genetic predisposition to ADHD has been observed in many studies
involving twins and family members (Kidd 16-18). Other common risk factors include child
abuse or neglect, exposure to drugs, stressful life events, and early life adversity problems with
the ability to focus and pay attention in school or other settings. Early-life exposure to traumatic
events can also contribute to the development of ADHD. Other environmental factors include
maternal infectious disease, physical or sexual abuse during childhood, and poor parenting
practices. These variables can lead to dysfunctional behavior in early childhood and disrupt
normal cognitive development, leading to this disorder (Pellow et al. 322-326). A
behavioral/psychosocial risk is that individuals with ADHD may meet the diagnostic criteria for
antisocial personality disorder or conduct disorders.
There are two options: medication prescription and a comprehensive approach
comprising nutrients, exercise, and diet to manage the condition. Prescribing medications is
helpful in adults and children with ADHD because it helps to improve the ability to focus and
remain attentive to a given task. There are two types of medications used for ADHD: stimulants
and non-stimulants. Ritalin, Adderall, Concerta, Dexedrine, Vyvanse, and Focalin are some
examples of stimulant drugs (Gould and Doucette 350). Medication can be used for the shortterm for two weeks or for the long-term to treat ADHD. Stimulant drugs work by increasing
certain chemicals in the brain. They can improve attention and concentration but come with side
effects such as weight loss, insomnia, hypertension, jitteriness, and increased heart rate.
Stimulants are only prescribed when other medications do not work as well and lead to an
imbalance or suffer from significant side effects (Pearson 8). Non-stimulant medications are
preferred when there is an elevated risk of substance abuse, heart conditions, or heart defects.
Examples of non-stimulants include Strattera and Intuniv (Pellow et al. 323). Non-stimulant
drugs work differently than stimulant drugs by increasing the levels of neurotransmitters that
help regulate attention and behavior. They are also associated with fewer side effects than
stimulants (Pearson 8).
Some other methods to manage ADHD include exercise programs, dietary changes, and
nutritional supplements. An exercise program is beneficial for those with ADHD because it helps
improve inattention and impulsivity symptoms (Pellow et al. 327). Physical activity exercises
help the patient to strengthen their brain capacity by improving attention, focus, and memory.
Regular exercise is a primary treatment for ADHD because it helps to reduce stress, improve
behavior, and control aggression (Pellow et al. 327). For example, a yoga-based program is
recommended for adolescents with ADHD because it improves the areas of attention, mood, and
symptoms of impulsivity. A comprehensive approach involves changes in diet to enhance the
benefits of a healthy lifestyle (Edwards et al. 382). Examples of such programs include eating
better foods, improving food choices, and reducing sugar content in diet (Edwards et al. 382).
Diet is also beneficial because it helps to reduce dysregulation of neurotransmitters that help
regulate brain behavior.
While some legit medications can help alleviate these symptoms, many parents struggle
with finding the proper treatment for these kids (Logan 87-88). The most important thing for
parents to remember is that ADHD/ADD can significantly impact a child’s life if not given the
proper treatment. It can affect the child’s school performance, social skills, and family
relationships. Treatment is proven to enhance a personâ€™s ability to perform at their best by
improving symptoms, lowering the rate of negative behavior patterns, and improving self-esteem
for that child (Pellow et al. 323). In addition to medication, many therapies like counseling and
educational remediation can also help with this issue.
The best approach is holistic, where the parent manages through nutrition, exercise, and
diet. A child with ADHD is to ensure a stream of nutrients such as vitamins and minerals are
absorbed effectively by the body. The best sources of vitamins and minerals include fresh fruit,
vegetables, fish, and eggs. A chemical imbalance in ADHD children needs to be addressed
through simple supplements such as B-complex, zinc, and magnesium (Emily and Kane 30-31).
The best way to improve focus in ADHD is through exercise, which boosts brain function by
increasing blood flow and improving breathing capacity. It is also essential to provide diets such
as omega-three fatty acids to help children boost attention and avoid foods with excessive sugar,
such as desserts and candies (Pellow et al. 324). The rationale for using a comprehensive
approach includes minimizing drug use, side effects, and risks. Nutritional supplements, herbs,
and vitamins are low in side effects and are safe to use.
Therefore, ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that impacts childrenâ€™s behavior and
learning ability. A child with ADHD exhibits symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and
impulsivity. The disorder is commonly diagnosed during childhood but can also be diagnosed in
adulthood (Logan 12). For children to receive the proper treatment for this condition, parents
need to realize that ADHD can be managed through behavioral therapies, medication, and
nutritional supplements (Logan 89). The best approach is holistic, which involves nutrition,
exercise, and diet (Logan 90). A child’s life is improved when ADHD is managed through
medication treatment, behavior therapies, and nutritional supplements. A comprehensive
approach is best because it is multi-dimensional and focuses on factors such as nutrition,
program, and exercise. It also reduces prescription drug abuse and the severity of symptoms
Emily, A., and K. N. Kane. “Calming hyperactivity in Kids.” Ask the Naturopath.
Logan AC. Does diet affect ADHD? Alive: Canadaâ€™s Natural Health & Wellness Magazine.
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st-live. Accessed June 26,2022.
Moore JA, Karch K, Sherina V, Guiffre A, Jee S, Garfunkel LC. Practice procedures
in models of primary care collaboration for children with ADHD. Families,
Systems & Health: The Journal of Collaborative Family HealthCare.
2018;36(1):73-86. doi:10.1037/fsh0000314. Accessed June,2022.
Pellow J, Solomon EM, Barnard CN. Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies
for Children with Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Alternative
Medicine Review. 2011;16(4):323-337. Accessed June 28, 2022. https://searchebscohostcom.accarcproxy.mnpals.net/login.aspx?direct=true&db=awh&AN=71101566&si
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Spratt, Eve G., et al. â€œAssessing Parenting Stress in Multiple Samples of Children
with Special Needs (CSN).â€ Families, Systems & Health: The Journal of
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49. EBSCOhost, https://doi-org.accarcproxy.mnpals.net/10.1037/10917522.214.171.1245. Accessed June 26,2022.
Ziccarelli, Vincent. â€œAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.â€ Alive: Canadaâ€™s
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