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Problem / Topic:

Feminist Point of View of the Transsexual Community

Research Aim: This study aims to examine what are the key notions about transsexuals in feminism and how they see the transsexual community. The philosophy of feminism emphasizes giving women equal opportunities to men in social, political, and economic matters.

This assignment has two parts. Complete Parts 1 and 2 below.

Part 1: Background of the Problem

Locate 2 or 3 peer-reviewed scholarly articles (published within the last 5 years) from the

University Library

that address your proposed problem.

Write a 700- to 1,050-word introduction to the problem in which you:

Provide a description and background of the identified problem.

Use the scholarly articles to support the existence of the problem. Be sure to use a scholarly voice.

Part 2: Problem Statement

View the

Dissertation Series Tutorial – Problem Formulation

.

Review the

Problem Statement Worksheet

from this week’s Discussion 2 and then review the two sample problems below:

SAMPLE PROBLEM 1:

The problem is

husbands caring for wives with breast cancer have a demanding caretaking schedule,

resulting in

failure to practice personal self-care (LeSeure & Chongkham-ang, 2015).

SAMPLE PROBLEM 2:

The problem is

despite extreme workplace stress, police officers lack stress management skills,

resulting in

diminished health, family life, and work performance (Toers-Bijins, 2012).

Based on the materials and the peer-review from DQ2, write a 1-sentence original problem statement for a prospective study you might conduct using the format below:

The problem is _____(state the problem), resulting in ______(state the consequence).

Include a citation to support the problem and provide a reference.

Place the background of your problem and your problem statement under the Problem Statement section of the provided

Research Outline Template

. The template is formatted according to APA guidelines.

Note:

Beginning this week, you will be using the attached

Research Outline Template

for your assignments with the expectation that weekly revisions are incorporated from your instructor’s feedback.

Problem Statement Worksheet
The problem in a doctoral dissertation is the most critical component of the study. The problem explains
the rationale and validates the importance of the study. Below are the steps for writing a problem
statement.
•
•
•
•
Step 1: Provide background information.
Step 2: State the problem.
Step 3: Provide scholarly support for the problem.
Step 4: Indicate the potential benefit of addressing the problem.
At the end of this guide, you will create your own problem statement.
Sample Problem Statement
Breast cancer and the harsh treatment for the disease affects not only patients but their caretakers. While
caring for a breast cancer patient, caregivers face physical and mental challenges while continuing to
assume significant caretaking responsibilities. Caregiving often becomes a full-time responsibility that can
last for many years. In the instance of a person with breast cancer, their partner is often the primary
caregiver. A majority of caregivers report that caregiving is a burden physically, psychologically,
economically, socially, and personally (LeSeure & Chongkham-ang, 2015). The problem is caregivers
have a demanding and exhausting caretaking schedule, resulting in failure to practice good selfcare (LeSeure & Chongkham-ang, 2015). According to Family Caregiving Alliance (2018) many
caregivers are aware their own good health means providing better care for the patient, but often feel
guilty when choosing themselves first. As a result of failing to take care of themselves, caregivers often
become psychologically and physically ill, reducing the ability to care for their ailing partner (LeSeure &
Chongkham-ang, 2015). Gaining caregivers’ perspectives on barriers preventing good self-care could
lead to the development of interventions and resources for caregivers to begin practicing good self-care.
Breaking It Down Step by Step
Provide Background Information
Briefly introduce the problem to provide context for the reader.
Example: Breast cancer and the harsh treatment for the disease affects not only patients but their
caretakers. While caring for a breast cancer patient, caregivers face physical and mental challenges while
continuing to assume significant caretaking responsibilities. Caregiving often becomes a full-time
responsibility that can last for many years. In the instance of a person with breast cancer, their partner is
often the primary caregiver. A majority of caregivers report caregiving is a burden physically,
psychologically, economically, socially, and personally (LeSeure & Chongkham-ang, 2015).
State the Problem
State the problem, including the consequence(s) of the problem. Remember: Without a consequence,
you don’t have a problem; you have a situation.
The problem is [state the problem], resulting in [state the consequence].
Example: The problem is caregivers have a demanding and exhausting caretaking schedule, resulting in
failure to practice good self-care (LeSeure & Chongkham-ang, 2015).
Copyright 2022 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.
Problem Statement Worksheet
Page 2 of 3
Provide Scholarly Support for the Problem
Support the problem with literature illustrating the consequences of the problem.
Example: According to Family Caregiving Alliance (2018), many caregivers are aware their own good
health means providing better care for the patient, but often feel guilty when choosing themselves first. As
a result of failing to take care of themselves, caregivers often become psychologically and physically ill,
reducing the ability to care for their ailing partner (LeSeure & Chongkham-ang, 2015).
Indicate the Potential Benefit of Addressing the Problem
Indicate potential benefits to people, organizations, society, etc. of addressing the problem.
Example: Gaining caregivers’ perspectives on barriers preventing good self-care could lead to the
development of interventions and resources for caregivers to begin practicing good self-care.
Copyright 2022 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.
Problem Statement Worksheet
Page 3 of 3
Problem Statement Worksheet
Now it’s your turn. Create your problem statement!
Provide Background Information
Example: Breast cancer and the harsh treatment for the disease affects not only patients but their
caretakers. While caring for a breast cancer patient, caregivers face physical and mental challenges while
continuing to assume significant caretaking responsibilities. Caregiving often becomes a full-time
responsibility that can last for many years. In the instance of a person with breast cancer, their partner is
often the primary caregiver. A majority of caregivers report caregiving is a burden physically,
psychologically, economically, socially, and personally (LeSeure & Chongkham-ang, 2015).
Briefly provide background to provide context for the reader. Start your answer on a new line.
State the Problem
Example: The problem is caregivers have a demanding and exhausting caretaking schedule resulting in
failure to practice good self-care (LeSeure & Chongkham-ang, 2015).
State the problem, including the consequence(s) of the problem. Remember: Without a consequence,
you don’t have a problem, you have a situation.
The problem is [enter problem here], resulting in [enter consequence here].
Provide Scholarly Support for the Problem
Example: According to Family Caregiving Alliance (2018), many caregivers are aware their own good
health means providing better care for the patient, but often feel guilty when choosing themselves first. As
a result of failing to take care of themselves, caregivers often become psychologically and physically ill,
reducing the ability to care for their ailing partner (LeSeure & Chongkham-ang, 2015).
Support the problem with literature illustrating the consequences of the problem. Start your answer on a
new line.
Indicate the Potential Benefit of Addressing the Problem
Example: Gaining caregivers’ perspectives on barriers preventing good self-care could lead to the
development of interventions and resources for caregivers to begin practicing good self-care.
Indicate potential benefits to people, organizations, society, etc. for addressing the problem. Start your
answer on a new line.
Putting It All Together
Now…write your problem statement in paragraph form. Start your answer on a new line.
Copyright 2022 by University of Phoenix. All rights reserved.
1
RES/709 Research Outline
Your Name
Institution Name
Course Name
Instructor’s Name
Assignment Due Date
2
Proposed Dissertation Title
1. Program of Study (DBA, DHA, DM, EDD): including specialization, when applicable
2. Background of the Problem and Problem Statement
Per Week 3’s assignment description, write 1 to 2 paragraphs providing a brief
description and background of the identified problem that is backed by literature. Avoid
“just talking about” the problem as the literature must be used to build your discussion.
Also, provide your one-sentence substantiated problem statement. Substantiated refers to
the one-sentence problem statement being backed by literature; there must be a citation to
validate that the problem exists and that it is more than just your thoughts, observations,
and/or opinions.
3. Purpose Statement
Provide your purpose statement from Week 4’s assignment and complete Appendix B
explaining how your purpose statement aligns with the problem statement.
4. Research Question
State your proposed research question from Week 5’s assignment, and in Appendix D
provide a summary of how your research questions align with your purpose statement.
5. Research Method
Provide a statement of the proposed method and briefly describe why the methodology is
appropriate from Week 6’s assignment.
6. Research Design
Provide a statement of the proposed research design and why the design is appropriate
from Week 7’s assignment.
7. Framework
3
Describe the theoretical or conceptual framework for your proposed study from Week
8’s assignment.
8. Significance of the Study
Provide a statement of the significance or importance of your study from Week 8’s
assignment.
4
References
Note: The reference page is not sub-divided by type of literature and the following provides
examples of how to format different pieces of literature. All references are in alphabetical order
according to authors’ last names.
Journal Article Example
Ainsworth, S., & Purss, A. (2009). Same time, next year? Personnel Review, 38(3), 217-235.
https://doi.org/10.1108/00483480910943304
Authored Book Example
Bateman, T. S., & Snell, S. A. (2007). Management: Leading and collaborating in a competitive
world (7th ed.). McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
Chapter in an Edited Book Example
Eatough, V., & Smith, J. (2008). Interpretative phenomenological analysis. In C. Willig & W.
Stainton-Rogers (Eds.), The Sage handbook of qualitative research in psychology (pp.
179-195). Sage Publications. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781848607927.n11
[Note: References are listed in alphabetical order. All references listed in the reference list must
have an in-text citation from that source in the body of the paper. For additional examples of
reference formatting, see Ch. 10 of the APA Manual.]
For APA tutorials on formatting citations and references, please visit CDS Central > Student
Resources > Writing & APA Resources
5
Appendix A
Change Matrix: Week 3 Feedback
A reflective practitioner looks back at the work they do, and the work process, and
considers how they can improve. The revision matrix provides the opportunity to experience
being a reflective practitioner during the doctoral journey. Critical thinking, a necessary skill for
scholarly writing, incorporates the need to be a reflective practitioner as learning from personal
experiences, as well as others, helps to answer the questions: Can anything be improved? Can
anything be done better?
Review the feedback from your instructor and record the instructor’s feedback in the first
column. In the second column, state in your own words the feedback provided. In the third
column, explain what you have done to address the feedback and include APA Manual page
numbers as appropriate.
Use Microsoft® Word formatting features to add rows to the template, as needed.
The information in the table are examples. Please delete before providing your responses.
Student (e)Signature: __________________________________ Date: ___________________
Faculty Feedback
(Include comment numbers,
as appropriate)
Avoid unnecessary
words/phrases.
Remember the goal is to just
provide information as
concisely and specifically as
possible. Please review the
APA Manual.
Comment MH1: Too
conversational in tone and
doesn’t add to the discussion.
Be concise and specific. You
may find it helpful to read the
first 5-10 pages of a
Faculty Feedback in My
Own Words
I will practice it first by
reading good dissertations,
paying attention to the use of
transitions, expressions and
overall style of writing. Also,
I will remove all phrases and
redundant words in my paper
that are not essential or are
too conversational.
I will expose myself to some
good texts, and I will learn by
example and imitation.
My Detailed and Specific
Action Plan to Integrate
Faculty Feedback in My
Revised Essay
(Include APA manual page
numbers, as appropriate)
I removed all phrases and
redundant words that are not
essential or too
conversational in tone. I
replaced them with simple
declarative sentences (APA,
2020, pp. 113-114).
6
dissertation to gain a sense of
“how” concise and specific
scholarly writing is.
7
Appendix B
Week 4: Alignment of Problem and Purpose Statements
Provide an explanation of how your purpose statement aligns with the problem statement.
8
Appendix C
Change Matrix: Week 4 Feedback
Review the feedback from your instructor and record the instructor’s feedback in the first
column, including comment numbers as appropriate. In the second column, state in your own
words the feedback provided. In the third column, explain what you have done to address the
feedback and include APA Manual page numbers as appropriate.
Use Microsoft® Word formatting features to add rows to the template, as needed.
The information in the table are examples. Please delete before providing your responses.
Student (e)Signature: __________________________________ Date: ___________________
Faculty Feedback
Avoid unnecessary
words/phrases.
Remember the goal is to just
provide information as
concisely and specifically as
possible. Please review the
APA Manual.
Comment MH1: Too
conversational in tone and
doesn’t add to the discussion.
Be concise and specific. You
may find it helpful to read the
first 5-10 pages of a
dissertation to gain a sense of
“how” concise and specific
scholarly writing is.
Faculty Feedback in My
Own Words
I will practice it first by
reading good dissertations,
paying attention to the use of
transitions, expressions and
overall style of writing. Also,
I will remove all phrases and
redundant words in my paper
that are not essential or are
too conversational.
I will expose myself to some
good texts, and I will learn by
example and imitation.
My Detailed and Specific
Action Plan to Integrate
Faculty Feedback in My
Revised Essay
I removed all phrases and
redundant words that are not
essential or too
conversational in tone. I
replaced them with simple
declarative sentences (APA,
2020, pp. 113-114).
9
Appendix D
Week 5: Research Questions Alignment Summary
Provide a 300- to 500-word summary of how your research question aligns with your
study’s purpose.
10
Appendix E
Change Matrix: Week 5 Feedback
Review the feedback from your instructor and record the instructor’s feedback in the first
column, including comment numbers as appropriate. In the second column, state in your own
words the feedback provided. In the third column, explain what you have done to address the
feedback and include APA Manual page numbers as appropriate.
Use Microsoft® Word formatting features to add rows to the template, as needed.
The information in the table are examples. Please delete before providing your responses.
Student (e)Signature: __________________________________ Date: ___________________
Faculty Feedback
Avoid unnecessary
words/phrases.
Remember the goal is to just
provide information as
concisely and specifically as
possible. Please review the
APA Manual.
Comment MH1: Too
conversational in tone and
doesn’t add to the discussion.
Be concise and specific. You
may find it helpful to read the
first 5-10 pages of a
dissertation to gain a sense of
“how” concise and specific
scholarly writing is.
Faculty Feedback in My
Own Words
I will practice it first by
reading good dissertations,
paying attention to the use of
transitions, expressions and
overall style of writing. Also,
I will remove all phrases and
redundant words in my paper
that are not essential or are
too conversational.
I will expose myself to some
good texts, and I will learn by
example and imitation.
My Detailed and Specific
Action Plan to Integrate
Faculty Feedback in My
Revised Essay
I removed all phrases and
redundant words that are not
essential or too
conversational in tone. I
replaced them with simple
declarative sentences (APA,
2020, pp. 113-114).
11
Appendix F
Change Matrix: Week 6 Feedback
Review the feedback from your instructor and record the instructor’s feedback in the first
column, including comment numbers as appropriate. In the second column, state in your own
words the feedback provided. In the third column, explain what you have done to address the
feedback and include APA Manual page numbers as appropriate.
Use Microsoft® Word formatting features to add rows to the template, as needed.
The information in the table are examples. Please delete before providing your responses.
Student (e)Signature: __________________________________ Date: ___________________
Faculty Feedback
(Include comment numbers,
as appropriate)
Avoid unnecessary
words/phrases.
Remember the goal is to just
provide information as
concisely and specifically as
possible. Please review the
APA Manual.
Comment MH1: Too
conversational in tone and
doesn’t add to the discussion.
Be concise and specific. You
may find it helpful to read the
first 5-10 pages of a
dissertation to gain a sense of
“how” concise and specific
scholarly writing is.
Faculty Feedback in My
Own Words
I will practice it first by
reading good dissertations,
paying attention to the use of
transitions, expressions and
overall style of writing. Also,
I will remove all phrases and
redundant words in my paper
that are not essential or are
too conversational.
I will expose myself to some
good texts, and I will learn by
example and imitation.
My Detailed and Specific
Action Plan to Integrate
Faculty Feedback in My
Revised Essay
(Include APA manual page
numbers, as appropriate)
I removed all phrases and
redundant words that are not
essential or too
conversational in tone. I
replaced them with simple
declarative sentences (APA,
2020, pp. 113-114).
12
Appendix G
Change Matrix: Week 7 Feedback
Review the feedback from your instructor and record the instructor’s feedback in the first
column, including comment numbers as appropriate. In the second column, state in your own
words the feedback provided. In the third column, explain what you have done to address the
feedback and include APA Manual page numbers as appropriate.
Use Microsoft® Word formatting features to add rows to the template, as needed.
The information in the table are examples. Please delete before providing your responses.
Student (e)Signature: __________________________________ Date: ___________________
Faculty Feedback
Avoid unnecessary
words/phrases.
Remember the goal is to just
provide information as
concisely and specifically as
possible. Please review the
APA Manual.
Comment MH1: Too
conversational in tone and
doesn’t add to the discussion.
Be concise and specific. You
may find it helpful to read the
first 5-10 pages of a
dissertation to gain a sense of
“how” concise and specific
scholarly writing is.
Faculty Feedback in My
Own Words
I will practice it first by
reading good dissertations,
paying attention to the use of
transitions, expressions and
overall style of writing. Also,
I will remove all phrases and
redundant words in my paper
that are not essential or are
too conversational.
I will expose myself to some
good texts, and I will learn by
example and imitation.
My Detailed and Specific
Action Plan to Integrate
Faculty Feedback in My
Revised Essay
I removed all phrases and
redundant words that are not
essential or too
conversational in tone. I
replaced them with simple
declarative sentences (APA,
2020, pp. 113-114).
13
Appendix H
Paragraphing with the MEAL Plan
M – Main Idea
Every paragraph should have one main idea. If you find that your paragraphs have more than one
main idea, separate your paragraphs so that each has only one main point. The idea behind a
paragraph is to introduce an idea and expand upon it. If you veer off into a new topic, begin a
new paragraph.
E – Evidence or Examples
Your main idea needs support, either in the form of evidence that buttresses your argument or
examples that explain your idea. If you don’t have any evidence or examples to support your
main idea, your idea may not be strong enough to warrant a complete paragraph. In this case, reevaluate your idea and see whether you even need to keep it in the paper.
A – Analysis
Analysis is the heart of academic writing. While your readers want to see evidence or examples
of your idea, the real “meat” of your idea is your interpretation of your evidence or examples:
how you break them apart, compare them to other ideas, use them to build a persuasive case,
demonstrate their strengths or weaknesses, and so on. Analysis is especially important if your
evidence (E) is a quote from another author. Always follow a quote with your analysis of the
quote, demonstrating how that quote helps you to make your case. If you let a quote stand on its
own, then the author of that quote will have a stronger voice in your paragraph (and maybe even
your paper) than you will.
L – Link
Links help your reader to see how your paragraphs fit together. When you end a paragraph, try to
link it to something else in your paper, such as your thesis or argument, the previous paragraph
or main idea, or the following paragraph. Creating links will help your reader understand the
logic and organization of your paper, as well as the logic and organization of your argument or
main points.
Reference
Duke University (2006). Paragraphing: The MEAL plan. Retrieved from
https://twp.duke.edu/sites/twp.duke.edu/files/file-attachments/meal-plan.original.pdf
14
Example Using Each Letter of the MEAL Plan:
M – Supporters and opponents of the death penalty have justified their beliefs on a number
of grounds.
E – Supporters, for instance, argue that the death penalty is the ultimate specific deterrent in that
someone who is put to death will never be able to murder again (Pataki, 1997).
A – The threat of being put to death for an offense may also act as a general deterrent, promoting
a safer community (van den Haag & Conrad, 1983).
Further, some argue that the death penalty provides retribution and answers individual and
societal needs to punish offenders (Fein, 1993) and that the death penalty is cheaper than life
imprisonment.
L – Based on these arguments, supporters believe that the justice system has a duty to impose the
death penalty on certain offenders (van den Haag & Conrad, 1983).
Sample Paragraph:
Supporters and opponents of the death penalty have justified their beliefs on a number
of grounds. Supporters, for instance, argued the death penalty is the ultimate specific deterrent as
someone who is put to death will never be able to murder again (Pataki, 1997). The threat of
being put to death for an offense may also act as a general deterrent, promoting a safer
community (van den Haag & Conrad, 1983). Further, Fein (1993) argued the death penalty
provides retribution, answers individual and societal needs to punish offenders, and the death
penalty is cheaper than life imprisonment. Based on these arguments, supporters believe the
justice system has a duty to impose the death penalty on certain offenders (van den Haag &
Conrad, 1983).

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