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Description

I used SPSS binary logistic regression analysis to answer the research question: Does gender predict if a person feels like they have the freedom to say what they think? Using

gender of respondent

as the dependent variable and

freedom to say what you think

as the independent variable. The output is attached, is the predictive relationship statistically significant, how could the results be described, what does the odds ratio show? What is the reported mean of Q1 (Age)?

Case Processing Summary
Cases
Valid
Missing
Percent
Total
Percent
N
Percent
N
N
9637
93.4%
682
6.6%
10319
100.0%
Democracy
(dichotomous) * Age
Category
Democracy (dichotomous) * Age Category Crosstabulation
Count
Age Category
51 and
above
-1
18-35
36-50
Total
0
569
302
194
1065
Democracy
(dichotomous)
Not a Democracy
Democracy
3
4778
2211
1580
8572
Total
3
5347
2513
1774
9637
Percent
Case Processing Summary
Unweighted Casesa
N
Selected Cases Included in Analysis 10034
Missing Cases
285
Total
10319
97.2
2.8
100.0
Unselected Cases
0
.0
Total
10319 100.0
a. If weight is in effect, see classification table for the
total number of cases.
Variables in the Equation
95% C.I.for EXP(B)
Lower Upper
B
S.E.
Wald
df
Sig.
Exp(B)
Step 1a
-.016
.001
122.309
1
.000
1984
1982
.987
10.244
3
.017
.266
.089
9.041
1
.003
1.305
1.097
1.552
Q1. Age
Q17a. Freedom to say
what you think
Q17a. Freedom to say
what you think(1)
Q17a. Freedom to say
what you think(2)
Q17a. Freedom to say
what you think(3)
.132
.082
2.568
1
.109
1.141
.971
1.340
.121
.077
2.458
1
.117
1.129
.970
1.314
.000
1.539
Constant
.431
.087 24.423
1
a. Variable(s) entered on step 1: Q1. Age, Q17a. Freedom to say what you think.
Contingency Table for Hosmer and Lemeshow Test
Q101. Gender of respondent Q101. Gender of respondent
= Male
= Female
Observed Expected Observed Expected
Total
Step 1
1
623
625.245
385
382.755
1008
2
566
566.636
432
431.364
998
3
546
539.110
454
460.890
1000
4
532
529.418
491
493.582
1023
5
487
502.616
521
505.384
1008
6
529
495.099
497
530.901
1026
7
419
440.126
517
495.874
936
8
454
469.064
570
554.936
1024
9
434
433.095
541
541.905
975
10
449
438.591
587
597.409
1036
Hosmer and Lemeshow Test
Step
Chi-square
df
Sig.
1
8.932
8
.348
Case Processing Summary
Cases
Valid
Missing
Percent
Total
Percent
N
Percent
N
N
9637
93.4%
682
6.6%
10319
100.0%
Democracy
(dichotomous) * Age
Category
Democracy (dichotomous) * Age Category Crosstabulation
Count
Age Category
51 and
above
-1
18-35
36-50
Total
0
569
302
194
1065
Democracy
(dichotomous)
Not a Democracy
Democracy
3
4778
2211
1580
8572
Total
3
5347
2513
1774
9637
Q17a. Freedom to say
what you think
Categorical Variables Codings
Parameter coding
Frequency (1) (2) (3)
Not at all free
781 .000 .000 .000
Not very free
1537 1.000 .000 .000
Somewhat free 2583
.000
1.000 .000
Completely free 5133 .000 .000 1.000
Dependent Variable
Encoding
Internal
Value
Original Value
Male
0
Female
1
Model Summary
-2 Log
likelihood
Cox & Snell R
Square
Nagelkerke
R Square
Step
1
13772.1789
.014
.018
a. Estimation terminated at iteration number 3
because parameter estimates changed by less
than .001.
Variables in the Equation
95% C.I.for EXP(B)
Lower Upper
B
S.E.
Wald
df
Sig.
Exp(B)
Step 1a
-.016
.001
122.309
1
.000
1984
1982
.987
10.244
3
.017
.266
.089
9.041
1
.003
1.305
1.097
1.552
Q1. Age
Q17a. Freedom to say
what you think
Q17a. Freedom to say
what you think(1)
Q17a. Freedom to say
what you think(2)
Q17a. Freedom to say
what you think(3)
.132
.082
2.568
1
.109
1.141
1971
1.340
.121
.077
2.458
1
.117
1.129
.970
1.314
Constant
.431
.087
24.423
1
.000
1.539
a. Variable(s) entered on step 1: Q1. Age, Q17a. Freedom to say what you think.

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