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C O N S O L I DAT I N G A T R I U M P H A N T U N I O N :
R E C O N S T RU C T I O N , 1 8 6 5 – 1 8 7 7
• “History does not refer merely, or even principally, to the
past. On the contrary, the great force of history comes from
the fact that we carry it within us…” James Baldwin
1865 Freedman’s Bureau is formed
Lincoln is assassinated; Andrew Johnson becomes president
Thirteenth Amendment abolishing slavery is ratified
1866 Civil Rights Act of 1866
Ku Klux Klan is organized
1867 U.S. Purchases Alaska from Russia
Reconstruction Act of 1867
Ratification of Fourteenth Amendment protecting civil rights
1868 Johnson is impeached and acquitted
Fourteenth Amendment is ratified
1869 Transcontinental Railroad is completed
National Suffrage Association and American Women Suffrage Association
are formed
Knights of Labor is founded
1870 Fifteenth Amendment enfranchising black men is ratified
1871 Ku Klux Klan Act
1873 Panic of 1873
1874 Congress passes Civil Rights Act
1876 Battle of Little Big Horn
Contested presidential election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J.
Tilden
1877 Compromise of 1877
FIRST PHASE: 1865-1867 PRESIDENTIAL
R E CONST RUCT ION
1. 1865 FREEDMAN’S BUREAU
2 . T H E B L AC K C O D E S 1 8 6 5 A N D 1 8 6 6
3. 1866 CIVIL RIGHTS BILL
4. KU KLUX KLAN
Second Phase: 1867-1877
• Congressional
Reconstruction
• 1. 1868-Fourteenth
Amendment
• 2. 1870-Fifteenth
Amendment
• 3. Civil Rights Act of
1875
Third Phase: End of Reconstruction
Bargain of 1877
• Inauguration of Rutherford B. Hayes
• Recession
• The Redeemers-Southern Democrats
Robert Nast
A cartoon feature d
in Harper’s Weekly
1876
A SUMMARY OF IDEAS
CLAIMING TERRITORY
FOR THE UNION
MEXICAN AMERICANS
LAND USE IN AN
EXPANDING
NATION
THE
ME XI C AN
AME R I C ANS
OF
C AL I FOR NI A
Maria Amparo
Ruiz de Burton
DISCUSSION BOARD ONE
Answer one from this section.
1. In what ways did African Americans benefit from Reconstruction? In what ways were their
successes limited?
2. Describe the events or limitations on reconstruction that led to the re-establishment of white
supremacy in the former Confederacy.
3. How were different communities (African Americans, Mexican Americans, Native Americans,
or Women) impacted or not by Reconstruction?
Then answer the following:
•
What was one takeaway from the podcast “High Crimes and Misdemeanors?”
• Were you left with any questions? Did anything surprise you?
• Once your peers have provided enough answers, comment on two other posts.

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