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Have a discussion using the stem-changing verbs that you learned in this unit. ¿Que piensas del nuevo vocabulario de comida? ¿Vuelves a casa despues de ir al la universidad? ¿Quieres Taco Bell? etc….

Name: __________________________________________ Date:______________________
Complete the following sentences with the correct conjugation of the e-ie or o-ue stem-changing
verbs. Define the verb.
1.) ¿Quieres trabajar hoy? No, yo _______________ dormir. (preferir) _______________
2.) Hace frío. Ud. _______________ la ventana, por favor. (cerrar) _______________
3.) Nosotros _______________ fútbol después de clase. (jugar) _______________
4.) Él _______________ su lapíz todos los días. (perder) _______________
5.) Ellos _______________ en sus camas. (dormir) _______________
6.) María y yo _______________ en la cafetería. (almorzar) _______________
7.) ¿Tú _______________ ir al concierto? (querer) _______________
8.) ¿Vosotros _______________ mañana? (volver) _______________
Stem-changing Verbs: e-ie and o-ue
Stem-changing verbs deviate from the pattern that we learned with regular verbs. There
is a vowel change in the last syllable of the stem when these verbs are conjugated.
How to conjugate stem-changing verbs
Infinitive
Verb Stem
Stem
Change
Conjugated
Form
empezar
empez-
empiez-
empiezo
volver
volv-
vuelv-
vuelvo
Below you will find the conjugation of one of the many common e to ie stem changing
verb, cerrar (to close). Notice that the nosotros/as and vosotros/as forms don’t have a
stem change.
Cerrar (to close)
yo
cierro
nosotros/as
cerramos
tú
cierras
vosotros/as
cerráis
él/ella/Ud. cierra
ellos/ellas/Uds. cierran
There are many other verbs that have the stem vowel change from o to ue, such as
volver (to return). Once again, the nosotros/as and vosotros/as forms do not have a
stem change.
Volver (to return)
yo
vuelvo
nosotros/as
volvemos
tú
vuelves
vosotros/as
volvéis
él/ella/Ud. vuelve
ellos/ellas/Uds. vuelven
Common stem-changing verbs
e to
ie
o to ue
cerrar
to
close
almorzar
comenzar
to
begin
empezar
contar
to count; to tell
dormir
to sleep
to
begin
entender
to
understand
encontrar
pensar
mostrar
poder
to be able to; can
to
prefer
recordar
querer
to show
to lose; to
miss
preferir
to find
to
think
perder
to have lunch
to remember
to want; to love
volver
to
return
Comenzar (to begin) and empezar (to begin) require the preposition a when they are
followed by an infinitive.
ex: Comienzan a jugar a las seis.
(They begin playing at six.)
Marta empieza a leer un libro.
(Marta starts reading a book.)
Pensar + infinitive means to plan or to intend to do something.
¿Piensas ir al gimnasio?
(Are you planning on going to the gym?
Pensar en means to think about someone or something.
¿En qué piensas?
(What are you thinking about?)
**Jugar (to play a sport or game) is the only verb in Spanish that has a u to ue stem
change. Jugar is followed by a + definite article when the name of a sport or game is
mentioned.
yo
juego
nosotros/as jugamos
tú
juegas
él/ella/Ud. juegan
vosotros/as
jugáis
ellos/ellas/Uds.
juegan

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