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Discussion 3

A research paper is done to help the reader understand key concepts of that specific topic. It helps focus on certain issues allowing for logical arguments, considerations, and misconceptions, and expanding on the knowledge that is already known. Further, a research paper aims to explain the purpose and allow the audience to understand your topic. Within the paper, the introductory paragraph includes the topic, background, research problem, objectives, and mapping out the paper. This model is mostly preferred to assure that all information is given and that both the reader and the researcher are able to follow a steady and organized flow (Amdur, 2019).

The first section in the introductory paragraph is introducing the topic, which should include the reason that you chose this topic, why it is important, what you are accomplishing with this research, convey the relevance of your topic, and make a strong statement. Next, background information includes providing a piece of relevant background information without getting too in-depth. After that, establishing the problem should clarify how your information added to the research gap and how you’ve contributed to what is already known. Then, explain the specific information that you’re researching and what you’re trying to find out about this topic. Lastly, shed light on the paper and offer a brief overview (Amdur, 2019).

For this discussion, I chose a journal titled, “Polypharmacy Management in the Older Adults: A Scoping Review of Available Interventions”. This journal has an outstanding introduction due to all the variables needed when writing a research paper. For example, as I read the introduction, I gathered that the reason for choosing this topic is because the incidence of overmedicating the elderly population is on the rise. Then, the background stated that polypharmacy is most prevalent in older adults, and strategies are needed to prevent this issue in this age group. They’ve also mentioned how tools such as STOPP/START, Beers, and Medication Appropriateness Index (MAI) have been found useful as an identified intervention regarding drug therapy, and how using this method will contribute to lower rates of overmedicating, and injuries such as hospitalization, falls, and even death. Lastly, it explains in detail, and in a very organized fashion what it is we are reading and provides a brief overview of the related topic (Kurczewska-Michalak et al., 2021).

The mnemonic PICOT stands for patient, intervention, comparison, outcome, and time. This mnemonic was developed to help identify elements of a clinical research question, by allowing each element of the process develops a well-structured question. For instance, the “P” helps us to decide the patient, problem, or population. Next, “I” stands for intervention, “C” is asking for another intervention or control, “O” is the outcome or objective, and “T” is the time frame of the desired outcome. In sum, using the PICOT mnemonic allows for a smoother process in developing a clinical question by providing crucial information needed, which in turn, makes searching for questions a lot easier, straightforward, and finding an answer a lot quicker (Melnyk & Morrison-Beedy, 2018).


Amdur, R. J. (2019). A format for reviewing a research paper.

Practical Radiation Oncology, 9

(2), 57-58.


Kurczewska-Michalak, M., Lewek, P., Jankowska-Pola?ska, B., Giardini, A., Granata, N., Maffoni, M., Costa, E., Midão, L., & Kardas, P. (2021). Polypharmacy management in the older adults: A scoping review of available interventions.

Frontiers in Pharmacology,



Melnyk, B. M., & Morrison-Beedy, D. (2018). Generating evidence through intervention research versus using evidence in evidence-based practice/Quality improvement.

Intervention Research and Evidence-Based Quality Improvement



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