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RESEARCH PAPER –
ANNOTATION BIBLIOGRAPHY
Here is the outline:
INSTRUCTIONS: You MUST find two (2) Quantitative Research articles, two (2)
Qualitative Research articles AND Two (2) Mixed method research Articles on the Topic
below!!!
Topic of Interest: Staff retention in a Healthcare Setting
Introduction
It must have an introduction!!! And a conclusion
Quantitative Articles
Summary: What was the quantitative design? Framework?
Analysis: Discuss how aligned the research question is to the existing body of knowledge, the
appropriateness of the theoretical or conceptual framework to the study, the sufficiency of the
methods and design, and the generalizability/transferability of the results in other contexts. The
paper also provides a critical analysis of the social change implications of the study’s findings.
Application: Where is the application to your research interests
Qualitative Articles
Summary: What type of qualitative study was done? Conceptual framework?
Analysis: Criteria: how aligned the research question is to the existing body of knowledge, the
appropriateness of the theoretical or conceptual framework to the study, the sufficiency of the
methods and design, and the generalizability/transferability of the results in other contexts. The
paper also provides a critical analysis of the social change implications of the study’s findings
Application: Where is the application to your research interests
Mixed Methods Articles
Summary: What was the design used? And Conceptual Framework?
Analysis: Discuss how aligned the research question is to the existing body of knowledge, the
appropriateness of the theoretical or conceptual framework to the study, the sufficiency of the
methods and design, and the generalizability/transferability of the results in other contexts. The
paper also provides a critical analysis of the social change implications of the study’s findings.
Application: Where is the application to your research interests
Summary
It must have summary or conclusion!!!!
References!!!
1
Sample Annotated Bibliography
Student Name
Program Name or Degree Name (e.g., Master of Science in Nursing), Walden University
COURSE XXX: Title of Course
Instructor Name
Month XX, 202X
2
Sample Annotated Bibliography
Autism research continues to grapple with activities that best serve the purpose of
fostering positive interpersonal relationships for children who struggle with autism. Children
have benefited from therapy sessions that provide ongoing activities to aid autistic children’s
ability to engage in healthy social interactions. However, less is known about how K–12 schools
might implement programs for this group of individuals to provide additional opportunities for
growth, or even if and how school programs would be of assistance in the end. There is a gap,
then, in understanding the possibilities of implementing such programs in schools to foster the
social and thus mental health of children with autism.
Annotated Bibliography
Kenny, M. C., Dinehart, L. H., & Winick, C. B. (2016). Child-centered play therapy for children
with autism spectrum disorder. In A. A. Drewes & C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Play therapy in
middle childhood (pp. 103–147). American Psychological Association.
https://doi.org/10.1037/14776-014
In this chapter, Kenny et al. provided a case study of the treatment of a 10-year-old boy
diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ADS). Kenny et al. described the rationale and
theory behind the use of child-centered play therapy (CCPT) in the treatment of a child
with ASD. Specifically, children with ADS often have sociobehavioral problems that can
be improved when they have a safe therapy space for expressing themselves emotionally
through play that assists in their interpersonal development. The authors outlined the
progress made by the patient in addressing the social and communicative impairments
associated with ASD. Additionally, the authors explained the role that parents have in
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implementing CCPT in the patient’s treatment. Their research on the success of CCPT
used qualitative data collected by observing the patient in multiple therapy sessions.
CCPT follows research carried out by other theorists who have identified the role
of play in supporting cognition and interpersonal relationships. This case study is relevant
to the current conversation surrounding the emerging trend toward CCPT treatment in
adolescents with ASD as it illustrates how CCPT can be successfully implemented in a
therapeutic setting to improve the patient’s communication and socialization skills.
However, Kenny et al. acknowledged that CCPT has limitations—children with ADS,
who are not highly functioning and or are more severely emotionally underdeveloped, are
likely not suited for this type of therapy.
Kenny et al.’s explanation of this treatments’s implementation is useful for
professionals in the psychology field who work with adolescents with ASD. This piece is
also useful to parents of adolescents with ASD, as it discusses the role that parents can
play in successfully implementing the treatment. However, more information is needed to
determine if this program would be suitable as part of a K–12 school program focused on
the needs of children with ASD.
Stagnitti, K. (2016). Play therapy for school-age children with high-functioning autism. In A. A.
Drewes and C. E. Schaefer (Eds.), Play therapy in middle cildhood (pp. 237–255).
American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/14776-013
Stagnitti discussed how the Learn to Play program fosters the social and personal
development of children who have high functioning autism. The program is designed as a
series of play sessions carried out over time, each session aiming to help children with
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high functioning autism learn to engage in complex play activities with their therapist and
on their own. The program is beneficial for children who are 1- to 8-years old if they are
already communicating with others both nonverbally and verbally. Through this program,
the therapist works with autistic children by initiating play activities, helping children
direct their attention to the activity, eventually helping them begin to initiate play on their
own by moving past the play narrative created by the therapist and adding new, logical
steps in the play scenario themselves. The underlying rationale for the program is that
there is a link between the ability of children with autism to create imaginary play
scenarios that are increasingly more complex and the development of emotional wellbeing and social skills in these children. Study results from the program have shown that
the program is successful: Children have developed personal and social skills of several
increment levels in a short time. While Stagnitti provided evidence that the Learn to Play
program was successful, she also acknowledged that more research was needed to fully
understand the long-term benefits of the program.
Stagnitti offered an insightful overview of the program; however, her discussion
was focused on children identified as having high-functioning autism, and, therefore, it is
not clear if and how this program works for those not identified as high-functioning.
Additionally, Stagnitti noted that the program is already initiated in some schools but did
not provide discussion on whether there were differences or similarities in the success of
this program in that setting.
Although Stagnitti’s overview of the Learn to Play program was helpful for
understanding the possibility for this program to be a supplementary addition in the K–12
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school system, more research is needed to understand exactly how the program might be
implemented, the benefits of implementation, and the drawbacks. Without this additional
information, it would be difficult for a researcher to use Stigmitti’s research as a basis for
changes in other programs. However, it does provide useful context and ideas that
researchers can use to develop additional research programs.
Wimpory, D. C., & Nash, S. (1999). Musical interaction therapy–Therapeutic play for children
with autism. Child Language and Teaching Therapy, 15(1), 17–28.
https://doi.org/10.1177/026565909901500103
Wimpory and Nash provided a case study for implementing music interaction therapy as
part of play therapy aimed at cultivating communication skills in infants with ASD. The
researchers based their argument on films taken of play-based therapy sessions that
introduced music interaction therapy. To assess the success of music play, Wimpory and
Nash filmed the follow-up play-based interaction between the parent and the child. The
follow-up interactions revealed that 20 months after the introduction of music play, the
patient developed prolonged playful interaction with both the psychologist and the parent.
The follow-up films also revealed that children initiated spontaneously pretend play
during these later sessions. After the introduction of music, the patient began to develop
appropriate language skills.
Since the publication date for this case study is 1999, the results are dated.
Although this technique is useful, emerging research in the field has undoubtedly
changed in the time since the article was published. Wimpory and Nash wrote this article
for a specific audience, including psychologists and researchers working with infants
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diagnosed with ASD. This focus also means that other researchers beyond these fields
may not find the researcher’s findings applicable.
This research is useful to those looking for background information on the
implementation of music into play-based therapy in infants with ASD. Wimpory and
Nash presented a basis for this technique and outlined its initial development. Thus, this
case study can be useful in further trials when paired with more recent research.

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