+1(978)310-4246 credencewriters@gmail.com
  

Clinical Lab Science project

help me write  about thyroid function testing. With focusing on the following topics:

1. Introduction.

2. Preanalysis phase

3. Analysis phase

4. Post analysis phase.

5. Methodologies of all the testing machines and instruments used.

6. Analysis of literature.

7. Conclusion, recommendations, appendices.

Thesis Statement: Thyroid function testing is critical in identifying abnormalities in the function of the thyroid gland.  New tests, such as those for free hormones and high sensitivity TSH have changed the ordering pattern that physicians use.

POST

ReferencesBayer, M. F., Kriss, J. P., & McDougall, I. R. (1985). Clinical experience with sensitive thyrotropin measurements: diagnostic and therapeutic implications. Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine, 26(11), 1248–1256.Gerber, H., Peter, H. J., & Koechli, H. P. (1987). Neue, sensitive TSH-Assays vereinfachen die Schilddrüsen-diagnostik [Current TSH-sensitive assays simplify thyroid diagnosis]. Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift, 117(41), 1565–1570.Kirkegaard, C., & BregengÃ¥rd, C. (1988). Assessment of the clinically significant TSH response to TRH in patients with nodular goitre. Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et metabolisme, 20(6), 357–359. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-1010835Reinhardt, M., Schümichen, C., Schächtele, S., Zimmerlin, M., & Moser, E. (1995). Wertigkeit des basalen und stimulierten TSH bei manifester und subklinischer Hyperthyreose [Assessment of basal and stimulated TSH in overt and subclinical hyperthyroidism]. Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear medicine, 34(2), 61–65.Passath, A., Leb, G., & Warnkross, H. (1986). Diagnostische Bedeutung der immunradiometrischen TSH-Bestimmung im Serum [Diagnostic significance of immunoradiometric serum TSH determination]. Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift (1946), 136(21-22), 550–553.Seidel, C., Ziegelitz, D., Weber, A., Dittmer, T., Gerl, H., Knappe, G., & Correns, H. J. (1982). Zum klinischen Stellenwert eines empfindlichen TSH-RIA [Clinical value of a sensitive TSH-RIA]. Endokrinologie, 80(2), 181–193.Spencer, C. A., Schwarzbein, D., Guttler, R. B., LoPresti, J. S., & Nicoloff, J. T. (1993). Thyrotropin (TSH)-releasing hormone stimulation test responses employing third and fourth generation TSH assays. The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 76(2), 494–498. https://doi.org/10.1210/jcem.76.2.8432796Ardabilygazir, A., Afshariyamchlou, S., Mir, D., & Sachmechi, I. (2018). Effect of high-dose biotin on thyroid function tests: case report and literature review. Cureus, 10(6).Campi, I., Bulgarelli, I., Dubini, A., Perego, G. B., Tortorici, E., Torlasco, C., … & Fugazzola, L. (2021). The spectrum of thyroid function tests during hospitalization for SARS COV-2 infection. European Journal of Endocrinology, 184(5), 699-709.Nazem, M. R., Bastanhagh, E., Emami, A., Hedayati, M., Samimi, S., & Karami, M. (2021). The relationship between thyroid function tests and sleep quality: cross-sectional study. Sleep Science, 14(3), 196.Loh, Tee, J. C. S., Tee, N. W. S., Cheng, W. L., Thevarajah, M., Sabir, N., Chew, Y. Y., Sethi, S. K., & Khoo, C. M. (2016). Association between thyroid function tests and anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPO) antibodies in pregnancy. Endocrine, 53(3), 865–867. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12020-015-0844-ySiddiqui, Lai, Z. M., Spain, L., Greener, V., Turajlic, S., Larkin, J., & Morganstein, D. L. (2020). Predicting development of ipilimumab-induced hypophysitis: utility of T4 and TSH index but not TSH. Journal of Endocrinological Investigation, 44(1), 195–203. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40618-020-01297-3P?aczkowska, Terpi?ska, M., & Piwowar, A. (2022). Establishing laboratory-specific reference intervals for TSH and fT4 by use of the indirect Hoffman method. PloS One, 17(1), e0261715–e0261715. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0261715Matyjaszek-Matuszek, Pyzik, A., Nowakowski, A., & Jarosz, M. J. (2013). Diagnostic methods of TSH in thyroid screening tests. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 20(4), 731–735. Schalin-Jäntti, Tanner, P., Välimäki, M. J., & Hämäläinen, E. (2011). Serum TSH reference interval in healthy Finnish adults using the Abbott Architect 2000i Analyzer. Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation, 71(4), 344–349. https://doi.org/10.3109/00365513.2011.568630INDER J. CHOPRA, A Radioimmunoassay for Measurement of Thyroxine in Unextracted Serum, The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Volume 34, Issue 6, 1 June 1972, Pages 938–947, https://doi.org/10.1210/jcem-34-6-938De Rosa, G., Testa, A., Giacomini, D., Carrozza, C., Maussier, M. L., Valenza, V., & D’Errico, G. F. (1996). Comparison between TRH-stimulated TSH and basal TSH measurement by a commercial immunoradiometric assay in the management of thyroid disease. The quarterly journal of nuclear medicine : official publication of the Italian Association of Nuclear Medicine (AIMN) [and] the International Association of Radiopharmacology (IAR), 40(2), 182–187.Christ-Crain, M., Meier, C., Roth, C. B., Huber, P., Staub, J. J., & Müller, B. (2002). Basal TSH levels compared with TRH-stimulated TSH levels to diagnose different degrees of TSH suppression: diagnostic and therapeutic impact of assay performance. European journal of clinical investigation, 32(12), 931–937. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2362.2002.01065.xSheehan M. T. (2016). Biochemical Testing of the Thyroid: TSH is the Best and, Oftentimes, Only Test Needed – A Review for Primary Care. Clinical medicine & research, 14(2), 83–92. https://doi.org/10.3121/cmr.2016.1309Gibold, G., Liehn, J. C., Deltour, G., & Delisle, M. J. (1986). TSH ultrasensible : une nouvelle approche diagnostique de l’hyperthyroïdie [Ultrasensitive TSH : a new diagnostic approach to hyperthyroidism]. Annales d’endocrinologie, 47(6), 415–419.Wiersinga W. M. (2019). T4?+?T3 combination therapy: any progress?. Endocrine, 66(1), 70–78. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12020-019-02052-2Thyroid stimulating hormone with reflex to free thyroxine: Arup Laboratories Test Directory. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone with reflex to Free Thyroxine | ARUP Laboratories Test Directory. (n.d.). Retrieved August 5, 2022, from https://ltd.aruplab.com/Tests/Pub/2006108 Combined T4 – Wiley Online Library. (n.d.). Retrieved August 6, 2022, from https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/c… Kiel, S., Ittermann, T., Völzke, H. et al. Frequency of thyroid function tests and examinations in participants of a population-based study. BMC Health Serv Res 20, 70 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-4910-7Matyjaszek-Matuszek, B., Pyzik, A., Nowakowski, A., & Jarosz, M. J. (2013). Diagnostic methods of TSH in thyroid screening tests. Annals of agricultural and environmental medicine : AAEM, 20(4), 731–735.Saller, B., Broda, N., Heydarian, R., Görges, R., & Mann, K. (1998). Utility of third generation thyrotropin assays in thyroid function testing. Experimental and clinical endocrinology & diabetes : official journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association, 106 Suppl 4, S29–S33. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1212053LoPresti J. S. (1996). Laboratory tests for thyroid disorders. Otolaryngologic clinics of North America, 29(4), 557–575.Laboratory procedure Manual – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Retrieved August 6, 2022, from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhanes/nhanes_01_02/… Pirahanchi, Y., Toro, F., & Ishwarlal Jiala, I. (n.d.). National Library of Medicine – National Institutes of Health. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved August 5, 2022, from https://www.nlm.nih.gov/

  
error: Content is protected !!