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1.Annotated Bibliography

You will begin your research paper by researching your topic and providing an annotated bibliography here. Remember, your topic can be from any of our chapters we reviewed this semester, a particular food culture, therapeutic uses of food, agriculture, etc. Please check with me if you are struggling for a topic. Next, you will research your topic and find at least 3 sources to reference in your annotated bibliography. How do I write an annotated bibliography-read on!


From Writing Across the Curriculum by Sandra Nagy

Why write an annotated bibliography?

You can discover what your source contains (analysis). You can discover how best to use that information in your paper (organization). You can discover how to restate your topic into a “working” thesis (purpose).

Rules to follow:

Take your sources one at a time.

Answer the questions in COMPLETE SENTENCES.

The first 3 questions:

What is the main, or most significant idea of this source? What is the author trying to do (purpose)? Who do you think is the author’s intended audience?

Combine the Answers:


Smith focuses on the dropping illiteracy levels among school children, categorizing socioeconomic levels, racial groups, and parents’ educational background. Aiming at a general audience, Smith attempts to convince his readers that most children do poorly in school because their parents don’t work with them in home study sessions.

The next two questions:

What parts of the subject does the source emphasize or de-emphasize? What assumptions does the author make about the topic or audience?

Again, you combine the answers:


The author emphasizes that parents need to be more involved in their children’s education and assumes that these parents have the time, the expertise, and the inclination to do so.

The final three questions:

Is there any bias or slant in the source?

Are there obvious omissions that seem important to the ideas being discussed? Does the evidence clearly support the author’s main points?

The last sentences:


While Smith’s data supports his position, his solutions seem too simplistic and very general. Because he ignores the busy schedules, as well as the attitudes and expectations of some parents, his “just do it” advice doesn’t seem likely to change the situati

Extra Tips:

Write SHORT paragraphs.

Combine answers where possible.

Have 5-8 sentences that accurately describe the information and ideas from each source in your bibliography.

Use an MLA/APA type Works Cited page with a paragraph of analysis for each source.

Last Points:

Use alphabetical order.

Double space everything.

Leave two double-spaces between sources.

. Annotated Bibliography Example

Here is an annotated bibliography example MLA annotation for the book

The Elements of Eloquence: Secrets of the Perfect Turn of Phrase

by UK author and blogger Mark Forsyth:

Forsyth, Mark.

The Elements of Eloquence: Secrets of the Perfect Turn of Phrase

. Penguin Books, 2014. The author, Mark Forsyth, examines the rhetorical devices used in the English language, analyzing the patterns and formats that create memorable quotes. He traces the history of rhetoric to the Ancient Greeks, and provides an abridged timeline, following their use and evolution through to modern day. The author also explores the broader subject of persuasion and maps out the role that the figures of rhetoric play in it. In all, he examines over thirty devices, dissecting notable passages and phrases from pop music, the plays of William Shakespeare, the Bible, and more to explore the figures of rhetoric at work within each of them. Thorough definitions accompany this examination of structure to demonstrate how these formulas have been used to generate famously memorable expressions as well as how to reproduce their effects.

2. Outline for Research Paper

You will submit a one-page outline for your research paper here. You can use any format that you prefer. Note here are some examples of formats to choose from. There is also a link to additional samples. You will then be ready to write the rest of your paper!

http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/544/01/ (Links to an external site.)

The Purdue OWL: Sample Outlines

Alphanumeric Outline


A. Visit and evaluate college campuses B. Visit and evaluate college websites

1. Look for interesting classes

2. Note important statistics II. PREPARE APPLICATION

A. Write personal statement

1. Choose interesting topic

a. Describe an influential person in your life (1) Favorite high school teacher

(2) Grandparent

b. Describe a challenging life event 2. Include important personal details

a. Volunteer work

b. Participation in varsity sports B. Revise personal statement


A. List relevant coursework B. List work experience

C. List volunteer experience

1. Tutor at foreign language summer camp 2. Counselor for suicide prevention hotline

Full Sentence Outline

I. Man-made pollution is the primary cause of global warming.

A. Greenhouse gas emissions are widely identified by the scientific community to be


1. The burning of coal and fossil fuels are the primary releasers of hazardous gases.

Decimal Outline

1.0 Choose Desired College

1.1 Visit and evaluate college campuses 1.2 Visit and evaluate college websites

1.2.1 Look for interesting classes 1.2.2 Note important statistics

3. Research Paper

In this paper, you will research an area of interest in food and culture. This is an opportunity to explore the literature in a particular culture, ethnic group, and/or the relationship to health. You are welcome to discuss your topic with your instructor for further guidance on a topic! This paper will be 3-5 pages, written in APA/MLA format. Attach the annotated bibliography with at least 3 references. Review the following rubric as well.

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