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discuss this case in terms of the criterion set forth in the fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).

In this module, please focus on the treatment for these cases only.

Purpose

To write the section of your Case-Study Research Paper focusing on the

treatment

To demonstrate knowledge of general psychology and become acquainted with anxiety disorders

Question 2:Description

Prescription Drug Abuse

Discuss the personal and social implications of the rapid increase in prescription drug abuse in the U.S., and the role of psychiatrists and medical doctors in prescribing medication.

And please comment on other 2 student’s answers. Thank you

Answer 1: In the United States, heroin is regarded as a prescription drug, so with the difficulty of obtaining opioids after the amendment of the law, people began to turn to heroin with similar effects but is cheap and easy to obtain. In addition, whether it is a medical insurance payment problem or pain relievers commonly used in emergencies have contributed to the rapid increase in heroin use in a short period of time, and the abuse problem also includes overdose deaths and related crimes. The invention of narcotic drugs has brought great progress to medical treatment, ranging from skin slicing and wound sutures, to thoracotomy and laparotomy. The drugs originally used as anesthesia and pain relief become drugs after being arbitrarily used. In the United States, social problems such as drug abuse may be particularly highlighted due to legal, medical insurance, and factors like different background periods. However, in contrast to other countries, even though most morphine drugs are restricted and curbed by law, drug and drug abuse are still a huge and dark social issue. Every cloud has a silver lining, it depends on whether it is used in the right way or in the wrong way. The role of psychiatrists and medical doctors in prescribing medication is important, they need to determine what type of medicine and its amount that should be taken by the patient according to their diagnosis, ensuring that their patients can have the treatment by taking prescription legally. It’s also important that the psychiatrists and medical doctors not only determine the type and amount of drugs but also adjust them after focusing on observing patients’ performances and adaptations of the side effects of these prescriptions.

Answer 2:

Prescription drug abuse is one of the most rapidly increasing addiction in the U.S. and around the world. According to Joseph T. Rannazzisi’s report, “persons aged 12 years and older who used prescription drugs non-medically in the past month exceeded the number of current users of cocaine, heroin, hallucinogens, and methamphetamine combined. The number of new initiates for narcotic pain relievers is second only to marijuana use.” The terrible growth of addicted is caused by misconceptions about their relative safety compared to other drugs. People usually think that if prescription medications are manufactured by pharmaceutical companies, prescribed by physicians they are not so dangerous. This is false because the abuse of prescription drugs cause addiction and many negative symptoms.

According to MAYO Clinic, symptoms differ depending on specific drug. For the most common groups they are:

Opioids

(used to treat pain),

Constipation

Nausea

Feeling high (euphoria)

Slowed breathing rate

Drowsiness

Confusion

Poor coordination

Increased dose required for pain relief

Worsening or increased sensitivity to pain with higher doses (hyperalgesia)

Anti-anxiety medications and sedatives

, and

hypnotics

(treat anxiety and sleep disorders):

Drowsiness

Confusion

Unsteady walking

Slurred speech

Poor concentration

Dizziness

Problems with memory

Slowed breathing

Stimulants (

used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and certain sleep disorders)

Increased alertness

Feeling high

Irregular heartbeat

High blood pressure

High body temperature

Reduced appetite

Insomnia

Agitation

Anxiety

Paranoia

Awareness of the dangers of prescription drug abuse is the key to reduce risk of its development. In families, parents often educate their children about dangers of alcohol, hallucinogens, heroin and other well-known substances, but they rarely teach their children the same about the prescription drugs. There shall be more attention paid in families and schools to educate teens and young adults about prescription drug abuse. Prescription drugs shall be stored safely at home, so that children don’t have access to them. Professionals are responsible for notifying patience who are treated with the medication with a potential of causing addiction about the consequences of abuse.

  
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