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In the second stage of building your research paper, this assignment requires you to create a research paper outline for your final course project that will be due in Unit VII. The purpose of the research paper outline is to demonstrate the structure of the paper and to ensure that you are on the right track with your research. Your outline should include the information listed below.

Provide an introduction with your thesis statement.

Outline the location and demographics of the affected population.

List the likely agencies that would respond.

Provide basic information and main ideas about the terrorist organization in your scenario.

Give supporting evidence of the information that you have discovered thus far in researching your selected weapon of mass destruction (WMD).

Describe which homeland security/emergency management agencies would coordinate a response to an attack.

Your outline must be at least two pages in length. Use complete sentences for all headings and subheadings in your outline, which will help you complete your final draft in Unit VII. Include at least four outside sources in your outline, two of which must come from the CSU Online Library. Adhere to APA Style when creating citations and references for this assignment.

Toxic Industrial Chemicals
Course Learning Outcomes for Unit III
Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:
2. Characterize the types of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs).
2.1 Describe a WMD used by a terrorist organization in a specific scenario.
4. Examine how the use of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) impacts society.
4.1 Outline demographics of an affected population in an attack scenario.
4.2 Identify first responder, homeland security, and emergency management agencies involved in
an attack scenario.
Learning Outcomes
Learning Activity
Unit Lesson
Chapter 3, pp. 67–100
Unit III Outline
Unit Lesson
Chapter 3, pp. 67–100
Unit III Outline
Unit Lesson
Chapter 3, pp. 67–100
Unit III Outline
Required Unit Resources
Chapter 3: Toxic Industrial Chemicals, pp. 67–100
Unit Lesson
The content for this unit lesson is presented through PowerPoint with audio below. On each slide, click
on the audio icon to play the audio. You can refer to these lessons as needed.
Unit III Presentation
PDF version of Unit III
HLS 3301, Weapons of Mass Destruction
Suggested Unit Resources
In order to access the following resources, click the links below.
The following video discusses and provides a brief history of chemical weapons. Other segments contain
great information as well. You do not need to view the entire video; just choose segments that interest you.
The transcript for this video can be found by clicking on “Transcript” in the gray bar to the right of the video in
the Films on Demand database.
In the Line of Duty (Producer). (2009). Hazardous material and terrorism (Segment 6 of 10) [Video]. In Cops
and hazardous materials—What every officer should know: In the line of duty, volume 12. Films on
The following Occupational Safety and Health Administration webpage presents valuable information on toxic
industrial chemicals (TICs).
Occupational Safety and Health Administration. (n.d.). Toxic industrial chemicals (TICs) guide.
The following article provides a perspective and brief overview of toxic industrial chemicals as weapons of
mass destruction (WMDs). Review the resource to further enhance your understanding of the lesson material.
Saeed, O., Boyer, N. L., Pamplin, J. C., Driscoll, I. R., DellaVolpe, J., Cannon, J., & Cancio, L. C. (2018).
Inhalation injury and toxic industrial chemical exposure. Military Medicine, 183, 130–132.
HLS 3301, Weapons of Mass Destruction
Kayla Jordan
Columbia Southern University
July 19, 2022
Weapons of Mass Destruction
Explosive hazard is the most likely type of WMD that can occur on any day in the United
States, especially at state fairs. Explosive hazards occur when explosive materials undergo
detonation and cause blast waves which cause primary blast injuries (Pichtel, 2016). The impact
depends on the general category of the explosive weapon, which can either be high-order or loworder explosive. The most feared explosive weapons include C4, TNT, and Dynamite (Ferreri &
Weir, 2018).
Minnesota State Fair, also known as “The Great Minnesota Get-Together,” is Minnesota’s
State Fair. This event is more likely to attract terrorist attacks as it is considered the largest state
fair in the US by average daily attendance. In addition, it is the second largest in the US
concerning total attendance. It occurs from late august of every year to early September as it
takes 12 days. People visit the fair to get entertained, show off their abilities in different fields,
including cooking and art, exhibit their best livestock, eat many kinds of foods, learn about new
products and services, and many other reasons (Firestone & Hedberg, 2020). In 2015, the
Minnesota State Fair was recognized as the best state fair in the US by readers of USA Today.
This event is held in Falcon Heights, neighboring the Saint Paul Campus of the University of
Minnesota (midway between Saint Paul and Roseville City). The city of Falcon Heights city is
estimated to have about 5,500 residents.
Falcon Heights City operates under the statutory plan, described as a form of government,
where the city council makes the policy decisions. The administrative duties of the city are
delegated to the city administrator. Examples of agencies responding to Minnesota’s events
include the Minnesota Department of Health, Community and Tribal Health Boards, and State
and local partners. The police officers from the Sherriff of Ramsey County department provide
security for the people attending the fair. The closest Level-1 trauma center to the area where the
event is held is Regions Hospital (Switzer & Schroder, 2019). This hospital is only 10.7 miles
away from the grounds, which may require at least five minutes to drive. Also, there are several
other roads that can be used to reach the hospital. In case of an attack, the best agency to
coordinate with is the Federal Bureau of Investigation since terrorism is a national threat.
Ferreri, T. G., & Weir, A. J. (2018). EMS Improvised Explosive Devices and Terrorist Activity.
Firestone, M. J., & Hedberg, C. W. (2020). Consumer interest and preferred formats for
disclosure of restaurant inspection results, Minnesota 2019. Journal of food protection,
83(4), 715-721. https://doi.org/10.4315/JFP-19-517
Pichtel, J. (2016). Terrorism and WMDs: awareness and response. CRC Press.
Switzer, J. A., & Schroder, L. K. (2019). Mobile outreach: an innovative program for older
orthopedic patients in care facilities. Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation, 10,
2151459319826476. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F2151459319826476

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