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Select a preventable disease affecting a population and write a blog for USAID.gov
proposing a disease surveillance program. The essay should:
• Introduce the topic and include a thesis statement (1 paragraph)
• Briefly introduce your topic
• May include applicable statistics here or in the next paragraph
• Describe the preventable disease and the population affected by the disease (1-2
• Describe your selected disease process in terms they can be understand by someone
reading a USAID.gov blog.
• Describe the specific population, include: demographics, gender, race, age ranges,
socioeconomic status, disabilities, applicable statistics, etc. as appropriate to give
the reader a “picture” of this population
• Propose methods for a disease surveillance program within the population. (up to 1
• do not reiterate a surveillance program already in place by an organization
• Suggest global health organizations that would be suited to launch the program and
how they would support your program. (1-2 paragraphs)
• Explain how the program would be communicated to healthcare providers and
communities. (1-2 paragraphs)
• ensure that the dissemination is appropriate for the population and location
The blog may be written in a conversational style, but references need to be properly cited
using APA format.
• Information should be supported by evidence from professional sources, published
within the past five years.
• Provide in-text citations, in APA format, to support your comments and information
• Include reference list in APA format at end of blog, does not need to be on a separate
• Do not need a title page for the blog
Here are 2 brief samples of 2 different approaches to writing your blog, you can use
either style of choose one of your own.
1st example:
had graphic included with blog
If you’re like me, you can recall receiving the DTap (Diptheria, Tetanus, and
Pertussis) or TDap (Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussis) vaccines as a child,
adolescent, and adult. Reminder for those who don’t: it leaves you rather sore. Here
in the United States, we often take these silent defense mechanisms for granted.
Still, our country could not always place deadly diseases so low on the list of
concerns. Before vaccines, “diphtheria was a leading cause of childhood death
around the globe, including here in the U.S.” (Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, 2021). You can imagine the horrors parents faced at the idea of a disease
taking away their child. While we are fortunate to experience life without this
lingering fear, parents in other areas of the world lack this luxury.
Diphtheria is a potentially life-threatening bacterial infection that is relatively
preventable with vaccination. Caused by the bacteria C. diphtheriae, it spreads
through contact with respiratory droplets, such as those from a cough or sneeze
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). While the bacteria itself is not
particularly alarming, some C. diphtheriae can produce a toxin that invades our cells
and rewires them (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). When this
occurs, it triggers respiratory infection symptoms, including sore throat, mild fever,
weakness, and lymphadenopathy (swollen glands), particularly in the neck.
After 2-3 days of mild symptoms, the tonsils develop bluish-white patchiness
that extends into the roof of the mouth (Acosta et al., 2021). If left untreated, this
tissue will completely necrose (die), leaving it bloody and blackened (Acosta et al., 2021)
2nd example – another style of writing your blog (no graphic):
Global Health Issue
HIV/Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is chronic and potentially lifethreatening (Mayo
Clinic Staff, 2022). HIV/AIDS impairs the function of the immune system, interfering with
your body’s ability
to fight infection and illnesses (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2022). The vicious attack on the body’s
immune system
causes poor health and higher mortality rates (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2022). Human
Immunodeficiency Virus
(HIV) is very prevalent in urban areas of South Africa (Gibbs et al., 2020). South Africa has
the most
significant number of individuals living with HIV globally; 7.5 million (Kaiser Family
Foundation, 2021). The
endurance of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa is a significant concern after decades
of efforts to
build a healthier and more equal society (Mabaso et al., 2019).
Population Affected
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that strains the immune system by
draining the
body of essential cells it needs to resist infection (Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, 2021).
Without the necessary disease-fighting cells, the body is more sensitive to diseases and
illnesses (Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). Believe it or not, HIV stems from a type of
chimpanzees in
Central Africa since the 1800s (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). HIV can
communicated through contact with particular bodily fluids during sexual contact, sharing
breastfeeding, birth, pregnancy, etc. (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2022). Some signs and symptoms of
HIV include
fever, chills, rash, night sweats, mouth ulcers, fatigue, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes,
and a sore
throat (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). If HIV is left untreated, it can
advance to
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). AIDS is a later phase of HIV that further
damages the body
and immune system, which affects the body’s ability to withstand infection (Centers for
Disease Control
and Prevention 2021). HIV is a chronic disease with no current cure (Mayo Clinic Staff,

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