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Seven Hills Neighborhood Houses is a one-stop social service agency offering a wide array of client-driven services to individuals, children, families, and seniors. Founded in 1961 with the merger of the West End’s Findlay Street Neighborhood House and the East End’s Riverview Neighbors House, Seven Hills has served individuals for 50 years.

The Vision:

Seven Hills values communities that encourage self-determination and self-sufficiency. As a partner and catalyst for change, we provide opportunities through our services and programs that address the evolving needs of our neighbors and that strengthen families, children, seniors, and individuals.

—Seven Hills Neighborhood Houses, “History”

Toberman Neighborhood Center is a non-pro­fit community-based organization committed to assisting Harbor Area families and individuals by delivering life-changing services that encourage, inform, educate and empower them to live healthy and purposeful lives.

We focus on family services, because in our neighborhood, 94% of youth live in households with extremely low family incomes, 23% have immediate family members who are gang affiliated and 31% are performing poorly in school.

Our Goal: Improving the quality of life for families in our community.

—Toberman Neighborhood Center, “Our Mission”

There are many programs focused on improving the quality of life for families that are impacted by changing family structure, poverty, homelessness, and other social issues that affect the well-being of families and children.

Think about a social change issue in your community, or another community with which you are familiar, that is specific to families or children. Use the local media, the Internet, and scholarly sources to research the issue and examine programs or policies that have been implemented in the community you identified. For this Discussion, select one program or policy and evaluate it using information from the Learning Resources.

By Day 3



Day 3

a description of the family- or child-related program or policy that you selected, briefly summarizing its key objectives. How does this program or policy address the needs of changing family structures and patterns in the community? Evaluate the impact of definitions of family structures on social change as reflected in your selected program or policy. Drawing from this week’s Learning Resources, evaluate the effectiveness of program or policy strategies that are supported by the research to address issues experienced by non-traditional families. If the program or policy has not been deemed effective, explain at least two research-supported strategies that might be employed to increase the effectiveness of this program or policy. If the program or policy is recognized as effective, what additional research-supported strategies might it still employ to further its benefits?

Required Readings
Aboud, F. E. (2003). The formation of in-group favoritism and out-group prejudice in young children: Are
they distinct attitudes? Developmental Psychology, 39(1), 48–60.
Chase-Lansdale, P. L., & Pittman, L. (2002). Welfare reform and parenting: Reasonable expectations.
Children and Welfare Reform, 12(1), 167–185.
Welfare reform and parenting: Reasonable expectations by Chase-Lansdale, P. L., & Pittman, L., in
Future of Children, 12/1. Copyright 2002 by The Future of Children Journal. Reprinted by permission of
The Future of Children Journal via the Copyright Clearance Center.
Cicchetti, D. (2004). An odyssey of discovery: Lessons learned through three decades of research on
child maltreatment. The American Psychologist, 59(8), 731–741.
Crouch, S. R., Waters, E., McNair, R., Power, J., & Davis, E. (2014). Parent-reported measures of child
health and wellbeing in same-sex parent families: A cross-sectional survey. BMC Public Health, 14(1),
Kadir, A., Marais, F., & Desmond, N. (2013). Community perceptions of the social determinants of child
health in Western Cape, South Africa: Neglect as a major indicator of child health and wellness.
Paediatrics & International Child Health, 33(4), 310–321.
Little, L., & Kaufman Kantor, G. (2002). Using ecological theory to understand intimate partner violence
and child maltreatment. Journal of Community Health Nursing, 19(3), 133–145.
McLoyd, V. C., Jayaratne, T. E., Ceballo, R., & Borquez, J. (1994). Unemployment and work interruption
among African American single mothers: Effects on parenting and adolescent socioemotional
functioning. Child Development, 65(2), 562–589.
Ohannessian, C. (2009). Media use and adolescent psychological adjustment: An examination of gender
differences. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 18(5), 582–593.
Rokach, A., & Shick, S. (2014). Families, children, and loneliness. Psychology Journal, 11(1), 4–12.
Shutts, K., Banaji, M. R., & Spelke, E. S. (2010). Social categories guide young children’s preferences for
novel objects.Developmental Science, 13(4), 599–610.
Optional Resource
Nelson, G., Laurendeau, M., & Chamberland, C. (2001). A review of programs to promote family wellness
and prevent the maltreatment of children. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 33, 1–13.

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