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Description

Instructions

You have been hired as a researcher for a new documentary series. Your task is to narrate the biblical story in an academically-informed (scholarly) way while making connections for the viewers. You are to:

Present the Bible as an unfolding story embedded in biblical literature, and

Provide an example of connecting the biblical story to the viewers of the documentary by personalizing it—explain how your experience and the biblical story interact.

NOTE: You don’t need to embrace the story or promote the story (and remember, you don’t have to be a Christian to study at UMHB though we are clearly a Christian university).

The documentary writing team needs you to provide the guiding material in two parts, all presented in one Word document or PDF.

Part I: The script writers want to present the Bible as a drama in six acts. Since the Bible books are not placed in chronological order in the Bible, they need your expert help figuring out the historical order of the events.

You must provide the following:

A summary of the biblical story in six acts with an interlude (the Intertestamental Period) and an explanation of how the concept of “covenant” enlightens the story. (200–300 words each; 1400–2100 words total):

Act One

Act Two

Act Three

Interlude: The Intertestamental Period

Act Four

Act Five

Act Six

Include the following components for each of the acts (and the interlude):

What Bible book(s)/Apocrypha cover each part of the narrative?

What events in the Bible book(s)/Apocrypha (give examples) cover each part of the narrative?

What are key literary feature(s) pertinent to the particular act of the narrative? What are examples?

Origin Literature (genres?)

Literature of the Fall & Pentateuch

Deuteronomistic History, Prophetic Literature, Wisdom Literature.

Pre-exilic Literature; Post-exilic Literature

Intertestamental Literature (names?)

Gospel Literature (Synoptic theory?)

Historical writing (Greek histories?)

Letters (Greek letter writing, rhetoric)

Apocalyptic Literature

Part II: The script writers next want to connect the biblical story to the viewers of the documentary by personalizing it. You must provide the following:

A guiding discussion of how each of the parts of the biblical story relate information about the (1) character of God, (2) theological/ethical concerns in society and personal lives, and (3) one’s own place in the biblical story. (600–1000 words total):

Guiding points/question to incorporate in your discussion (remember to make it useful for the script writing team):

What does the narrative disclose about the character of God?

What can be learned about theological/ethical matters in the narrative? Answer pertinent questions:

How do you relate to people having value and dignity because people in the biblical narrative are created in God’s image?

How does the idea of a fallen humanity affect your story?

In terms of a God who seeks people (throughout the biblical story)?

In terms of the call for social justice and taking care of the poor (as seen in the prophets)?

In terms of suffering (as seen throughout the biblical story)?

In terms of God appearing silent in the narrative; or are we a people waiting (like during the

Intertestamental Period)?

In what way(s) do you/do you not relate to the question of why Jesus died? Explain. Have you encountered similar examples, sacrifices, or phenomena elsewhere or in your life?

Jesus’ death as a ransom? (Mark 10:45; 1 Timothy 2:6)

Jesus’’ death as victory over sin and death? (John 12:31; Romans 8:2; Colossians 2:12–15)

Jesus’ death as to carry the shame of humanity? (Philippians 2:5–8; Hebrews 12:2)

Jesus’ death as to pay a price or as sacrifice? (Romans 3:23–25; 1 John 4:10)

Jesus’ death as a means of our reconciliation? (Romans 5:10–11; 2 Corinthians 5:18; Ephesians 2:11–22; Colossians 1:19–20)

Jesus’ death as one person who gave his life for many or in the place of others? (John 15:13; 1 John 3:16)

Jesus’ death as an example to follow? (Romans 5:8; Ephesians 5:2; Philippians 2:3–8; 1 Peter 2:21–24)

In what way(s) do the ideals of Jesus as seen in the Bible story affect your life?

What does the idea of the Kingdom of God (the family/community of God) mean to you in a practical

sense and how does equality of all people affect your life?

What role does restoration play in your life and in your surrounding communities?

Do you see yourself as a restorer? Why/why not?

NEEDS REVISIONS ONLY

Running head: BIBLICAL NARRATIVES
1
Biblical Narratives
Name
University
Intro to the Bible
Professor
3/2/2021
BIBLICAL NARRATIVES
2
Summary: Biblical Narratives
Reading the Bible is the most exciting thing to do, yet it is not easy, and no one should
compare it to reading other books. With the Bible, you must have a context you want to read. It
is also essential to learn how to look at the big picture of every story, which will help get
different interpretations. The Bible is a foundation for the way Christians ought to think, behave,
and live. There are many ways to view every Biblical story, to get a good view of God’s
intentions and purpose. To get a good overall narrative bow of the Bible, we must be ready to
open our minds and think outside the box and see how the stories and happenings relate. It helps
to view the Bible as a six-play act with an interlude.
Part I
Act One: The Origin
Act one talks about the first chapters of Genesis, which explains the beginning of
humanity. Chapter one describes the events of creation where God creates the world in seven
days. He starts with the heavens and earth then separates light from the darkness. God makes
land, sea, and plants, followed by the sun and moon. He then creates water and air living
creatures followed by animals of the land and man. God creates man and woman and places
them in the Garden of Eden. According to Genesis 1:28-30, He makes a covenant with them by
giving them dominion over the earth and all the living creatures and the power to reproduce and
fill the world and warned them from taking the fruit from the tree of knowledge of good and evil.
Allegory is the literary feature present in this act, where the apple represented more than it
appeared, as God says, “the fruit of life.”
BIBLICAL NARRATIVES
3
The origin literature best describes the creation narrative because it shows the origin of
humans ruling over all the earth creatures and how humans started reproducing. From the same
boo, Genesis, we see that the first parents, Adam and Eve, gave rise to Cain and Abel, their first
children (Genesis 4:1-2).
Act Two: The Fall of Man
This act describes how things go sideways, starting with Adam and Eve disobeying
God’s commands that warned them against eating or touching the tree’s fruit in the middle of the
garden. The serpent convinces her to eat the fruit that her eyes will open, and she would be like
God. She eats the fruit, and so does Adam, which made God throw them from the garden. After
eating the fruit, we see evil starting to arise, first with Cain being jealous of his brother and
killing him, and a series of other sins like humans forming other gods, which we see happen a lot
in the old testament. This act represents the aphorism feature, which the start of evil as a truth we
all know, that humans are sinful.
This narrative is a representation of the literature of the fall & Pentateuch. The literature
points out concerns about sinners and their salvation (Andreas, Seminary, & Dyk, 2015). The
Edenic covenant was broken, and after men committing several sins, God wants to punish them
through the floods. He then makes a new covenant with the remaining creatures, promising never
to destroy the animal or human life through floods.
Act Three: The Chosen People
After God makes a new covenant with all humanity promising not to punish them by
floods, he wants to make another covenant with Abraham. He promises him that he will become
the father of many nations, i.e., Israel (Genesis 12: 1-3). Abraham’s son Israel gets 12 sons, each
BIBLICAL NARRATIVES
4
representing the 12 tribes of Israel, which we refer to as a chosen people. The Israelites fall to sin
and become slaves in Pharaoh’s rule for many years until God sends his servant Moses, leading
them out of Egypt to the promised land. God gives them new rules to live accordingly and lead
other countries, and once again, they fail to achieve what God had in plan for them.
The literary feature represented in this act is symbolism, where Israel’s twelve sons are a
symbol for the twelve tribes of Israel. This act defines the literature of Pentateuch, where God
makes a new covenant with Abraham making him the father of many nations, and from him
would arise God’s chosen people. God ensures that He stands by them, despite their sinful nature,
and looks for new ways to teach them the right way to go. He helps them from the Egyptians’
hands during their slavery, and even when they did not trust in Him, God was always faithful to
them. It also represents origin literature, which presents an authentic narrative of the events that
happened, explaining that Abraham’s son Israel formed the tribe through his son, who had twelve
sons, representing the twelve tribes of Israel.
The Intertestamental Period
The intertestamental period is the 400 years’ time between the old and New Testament,
which the Bible does not explain, but God reveals to David what would happen in that period. As
the Old Testament ends, we can see that the Israelites are under Persia rule, which King Cyrus
headed, but later on, he allowed them to go back to their home. Once again, they fall under the
Greek law, led by Alexander the Great after the Persian government. They reign over Judea for
150 years. After Alexander’s death, the Jews became a part of General Ptolemy’s rule and later
ruled by Seleucids after the war between Ptolemy’s and Seleucids.
BIBLICAL NARRATIVES
5
Shortly after the Seleucids started to rule Greek, a king who would fulfill most of the
prophecies, arose. He demanded the worship that belongs to God and destroyed Israel’s temple
and worship. The Israelites suffer during this reign since most of them were killed, and women
and children were taken as slaves and forbade from following their religious practices. The Jews
overthrew the Syrians and enjoyed freedom for some time but later suffered under Roman rule.
The New Testament begins with the Jews being under Roman law. The literary feature we see in
this period is imagery, where the prophecy describes the Seleucid rule in a way you can create
the images. For example, in Daniel 9:13, “He even exalted himself as the Prince of the host, and
by him, the daily sacrifices were taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.”
Act Four: Jesus Christ
Act four begins with the birth of Jesus, as the Jews were still under Roman rule. Jesus
grows up doing the work God had sent him to do. He performs ministry through healing, raising
the dead, and deliverance. Since the Israelites had failed, God still must keep his promise to the
Israelites by using his son to represent the Israelites and die for their sins. Jesus preaches God’s
word and brings many people to God, but men crucified him. His death was to save humanity
from sin. This narrative uses symbolism, where the death of Jesus symbolized freedom and
redemption for humanity.
The narrative is a Gospel literature representation since it describes the truth that we are
all sinners before God, and he sacrificed His son Jesus Christ for all of us to have new lives in
him (1 Corinthians 15:3-4). His mission was to spread the Gospel to the Israelites and the whole
world (Watson, 2018). The new covenant connects people with God, which Christians believe
that the blood of Jesus shed on the cross cleans away our sins.
BIBLICAL NARRATIVES
6
Act Five: The Church
After Jesus’ death, Jesus appears to his disciples and asks Simon to take care of his sheep
and lead it. His apostles continued to preach his word and formed the Church, comprised of the
Jews and Gentiles. The apostles went out to preach the good news to the people, thereby
fulfilling Abraham and his descendants’ mission. They tell many people about his goodwill and
bring them to him for deliverance. We see the actions of the Church from Acts 2 onwards. The
Holy Spirit comes upon them, and they have begun to speak in tongues. The Church grows, with
more sinners being redeemed and used to spread God’s word, like Paul. The letters from the act
guide the Church as they waited for the return of Christ, where all of them would see Heaven and
receive an award for their obedience in God’s word. The literary feature present in this act is
foreshadowing since they foreshadowed that the return of Christ would bring them peace and
joy, just as we see in the next act.
The gospel literature also explains how the Church must spread the Gospel to everybody
and do their absolute best to bring more people to Christ. They talk to many people about the
sacrifice God made for us to be free from sin. We refer to Jesus Christ as Lord and savior
because he died to save us from our sins. The new covenant is what must keep the Church strong
and united. The new testament refers to the Church as those who followed God’s word and
spread the Gospel, leading people to God’s ways.
Act Six: New Creation (New Heaven and New Earth)
According to Revelation chapters 20-22, God’s mission is to unite all creation and form a
new heaven and a new earth. The picture of the new heaven and the new world is that God’s
dwelling is with the Church, there will be no death, crying, or pain. God’s chosen people will
BIBLICAL NARRATIVES
7
have no sin since evil ends, and God will dwell in them. They will be perfect. It will be like the
Garden of Eden, where all chosen creatures will unite, and they will stay together with God. This
narrative is prophetic literature because it explains what will happen in the future after God
desires his people and forms a new heaven and earth (Sweeney, 2014). The new heaven and new
earth will be a product of the new covenant between man and God. The blood of Jesus Christ is
what will identify the new Church and God’s chosen people since only those who accept to be
washed by the blood will be clean.
Part II
God’s Character According to the Biblical Narrative
All the biblical narratives show God’s love for humanity is incredible and unending. He
created man and gave him the power over all other creatures. He also made new covenants with
the humans even when they sinned against him, and he forgave them as many times as he could
despite the disobedience they showed him. God keeps his promises, and to show that he was
ready to give man other chances, he made Abraham’s generation his chosen people, and he
defends them and forgives them many times. God’s loving nature is evident when he sacrifices
his only son Jesus Christ to come to be born of a virgin, grow up spreading his word to people,
then died to save humanity from sin. 1 Corinthians 13:4-7 talks about love never giving up, and
that is what God did. He did not give up on the Israelites.
The intertestamental period would have made the Israelites think that God gave up on
them because of the unending suffering they were facing, but he had his reason. We see that he
did not give up on them when he sacrificed his son for them to be free. Romans 8:35-39 says that
nothing can separate us from Christ’s love, not even death or life or angels or demons. It does not
BIBLICAL NARRATIVES
8
mean that he no longer loves us if we face suffering or death threats. The new creation shows
that God has more generous plans for his people. Act six indicates that God has good plans for
his people, that he will make a new heaven and earth and get rid of sin for his chosen people to
have eternal joy in the new heaven and new earth. The idea of fallen humanity affects my story
in terms of God who seeks people. God has shown very many times that he is ready and willing
to find his people and give them other chances. He uses different ways like covenants and even
sacrificing his only son for humans to be saved.
Theological and Ethical Matters
The significant theological matters evident in these acts include the biblical revelation,
deliverance, creation context, sovereignty of God, and Israelite worship. Biblical themes reveal
God’s work in the whole Bible. Act one shows the piece of creation and his power, where God
creates the entire universe and living creatures and puts man in charge of all the living
organisms. The fall of man demonstrates the covenant’s theological matters, where God starts
making covenants with his people to show that he was willing to give them other chances. The
chosen people signify Israelite worship, who he loves through their worship to God. The act of
Jesus Christ demonstrates the theme of deliverance, where he died so that we can be delivered
and be new beings in Jesus. We can see that God’s promises are always real because he does not
punish humankind with floods anymore, and just as he wanted the Israelites to lead people to
him, he does it in the new testament. The final theological matter is the biblical revelation. John
reveals what the new heaven and earth would be after judgment. He explains that God’s chosen
people will have perfect lives where they will not get any suffering or pain.
I consider Jesus’ death as a ransom where he paid for our sins at the cross. He came to
serve people and show them that a good leader also serves his subjects, even to give his life as a
BIBLICAL NARRATIVES
9
ransom for many people’s lives. I relate to his death as a victory over sin and death because the
Bible says the battle is his, and he has won it already. I have encountered sacrifice at home where
most of the time, my mother will try her best to defend me even when it means putting her
reputation and career in jeopardy. She is always making significant sacrifices without getting
tired.
Engaging the Biblical story
I relate to the creation story because I am one of God’s creations, and as he gave man the
authority to rule over the living creatures on the earth, I have seen myself being able to control
some animals. In act two, the covenant gave me an understanding that anything terrible does not
mean that God is punishing me because they promised not to punish humans with floods, which I
would also see as difficulties. Act three of the chosen people has made me realize that God is
always faithful, and he will look for any means possible to defend his people and get them when
they get lost. From the intertestamental period, I can relate how sometimes I can face a challenge
or hardship and think that God is not watching over me and does not care. In reality, he never
stops checking out for his people. God will always find a way to make things better for you, no
matter how many years it takes. He is still faithful to me. I can relate to acting four in my life
where every time I pray, I always pray for God to wash away my sins by his son Jesus’s blood. I
believe that his blood is what saves us from our iniquities. I can relate to the Church and new
creation in that I have learned that doing my best to act as the Church should make me see the
new design after judgment day where I will dwell close to God every day and forget my
suffering and pain. Practically, the kingdom of God means a place where there is no sin or
suffering and everybody there is full of joy. Restoration plays a significant role in my life and my
BIBLICAL NARRATIVES
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community, where we can all live in unity and avoid wrongdoing because Jesus has restored us
from sin.
BIBLICAL NARRATIVES
11
References
Andreas, J., Seminary, E., & Dyk, V. J. (2015). The Pentateuch: Earthy or Ethereal? St.
Catharines, ON: Paideia Press.
Khuveio, T. K. (2018). The Drama of Scripture Interlude. Word Press.
Sweeney, M. A. (2014). Reading prophetic books: form, intertextuality, and reception in
prophetic and post-biblical literature. Mohr Siebeck copyright.
Watson, F. (2018). A Gospel of the Twelve: the Epistula Apostolorum and the Johannine
Tradition. Oxford University Press.
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Prehistory
Patriarchs
Egypt—Exodus—Wandering—Canaan
Tribal Confederacy—Judges
United Kingdom (prophets)
Divided Kingdom (prophets)
Kingdom of Judah (Southern) (prophets)
Exile (prophets)
Return from Exile (prophets)
Intertestamental Period
Persians, Greeks, Seleucids, Maccabees, Hasmoneans, Romans
•
•
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Life and ministry of Jesus
Christianity –life of the Jesus followers
Culmination of history
1
The Books of the Bible
Book
Genesis
Exodus
Genre
Literary Features
Old Testament Books
Pentateuch; Mosaic Prose Narrative;
Law
ancient history;
patriarchal history
Pentateuch; Mosaic Prose Narrative
Law
Leviticus
Pentateuch; Law,
Mosaic
Law writings,
regulation writings
Numbers
Pentateuch; Law,
Mosaic
Law writings,
Deuteronomy
Pentateuch; Law,
Mosaic
Joshua
Historical narrative
Prose narratives;
Law teachings;
Historical writing;
Historical prose
Prose narratives
Judges
Historical narrative
Prologue, main body
and an epilogue
Ruth
Historical narrative
1&2 Samuel
Historical narrative
Story; Hebrew short
story
Narrative history
1&2 Kings
Historical narrative
1&2
Chronicles
Ezra&
Nehemiah
Esther
Law; Pentateuchal
history
Historical
narrative; poetic
Poetry; Literary
prose
Job
Poetry; theophanic
revelation
Political, economic,
and social-historical
writing
Law writings;
historical writing
Official letters and
documents
Secular literature;
prologue, prose and
epilogue
Wisdom literature;
prologue, prose, and
epilogue
Critical Issues
An account of Creation.
Sin and redemption.
Marriage and family.
God reveals his attributes, laws,
redemption, and how people
should worship him.
Setting forth salvation message.
Priesthood. Priests from the tribe
of Levi.
Holiness separation from sin and
set for God’s purpose and glory.
A journey from Mount Sinai to
the border of Canaan.
Desert wanderings.
Are God’s promises a thing of
the past?
A pose on the redemption story.
Life in the promised land.
Warfare in the account of God’s
dealing with the people
The rise of the monarchy.
Account of provoking divine
chastening and frequent apostasy
Faithful love in human
relationships
God introduces monarch in
Israel.
Kingship and covenant
Building of the temple in
Jerusalem
Mixed marriages; religious
festivals; restoration of Israel
Feasting is a prominent theme in
Israel.
Deliverance for the Jews.
What is righteousness?
What is the source of wisdom?
2
Psalms
Poetry; Prayers;
Songs, epistles
Proverbs&
Ecclesiastes
Proverbial; Poetic
Songs of
Songs
Poetry; songs
Isiah
Prose and Poetry;
Prophecy
Jeremiah
Lamentations
Ezekiel&
Daniel
Poetry, Prophecy
Poetry; Prophecy
Poetry and prose;
Prophecy
Hosea, Joel,
Poetry, prose
Amos,
Obadiah,
Jonah, Micah,
Nahum,
Habakkuk,
Zephaniah,
Haggai,
Zechariah&
Malachi
Matthew
Gospel; synoptic
Mark
Gospel; synoptic
Luke
Gospel; synoptic
John
Gospel; nonsynoptic
Acts
Apostolic
succession
Praise poetic;
musical notations,
psalm-like-poems,
Hebrew poetry
Wisdom literature;
Prologue and a long
epilogue
Ancient Babylonian
and Egyptian love
songs, traditional
Semitic wedding
songs and fertility
songs
Prophecy
Prophecy
Prophecy
Prophecy
Prophecy; Poetic
language,
symbolism,
figurative language
New Testament
Descriptive
biography
Descriptive
biography
Descriptive
biography
Edited in various
stages; reflective
writing.
Historical narrative
Frequent use of the divine names
Yahweh and Elohim
Truths about human behavior
Personification of wisdom and
folly
Wisdom, prophetic and
apocalyptic scriptures
Introduction to God’s judgment
and salvation.
Prophecy about exile in Babylon
and calling to faithfulness
Repentance at the brink of exile
A dirge as the Israelites is exiled.
Speaking and writing to the
exiled people.
Will God eventually restore
spiritual fortune in Israel?
It is identifying God’s enemies.
Israelites involvement in the
Canaanite religion.
Is there an allegory between God
and Israel?
Genealogy of Jesus Christ
Life and mission of Jesus
Eyewitness testimony about the
life and mission of Jesus
The periscope of the adulterous
woman does not belong to the
gospel.
Is Acts the biography of Paul?
The gospel as a church and
redemptive history (Acts, n.d.).
3
Romans
1&2
Corinthians
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Epistle
Epistle
Narrative prose
Narrative prose
Epistle
Epistle
Epistle
Narrative prose
Narrative prose
Narrative prose
Colossians
Epistle
1&2
Epistle
Thessalonians
1&2 Timothy Epistle
Narrative prose
Narrative prose
Titus
Philemon
Epistle
Epistle
Narrative prose
Narrative prose
Hebrews
Epistle
Narrative prose
James
1&2 Peter
Epistle
Epistle
Narrative prose
Narrative prose
1,2&3 John
Epistle
Narrative prose
Jude
Revelation
Epistle
Apocalyptic
literature
Narrative prose
Figurative;
symbolic;
imaginative, and
cryptic literature
Narrative prose
Grace
Is suffering an integral part of
humans?
Adopted as God’s children
Should Christians rejoice in
suffering?
Forgiveness
The final justice and eternal life
Discipleship and dying to find
life (McKenzie, n.d.)
Knowing Jesus
Forgiveness, grace, and equality
among believers.
God’s word as the primary
significance for Christians
What is faith in action?
Does Peter bring the old
testament forward?
Salvation of the soul
Walking in truth
Forgiveness and sin
Imitating God
False teachers
Universal sovereignty of God;
The Kingdom come and the
Kingdom not yet (Apocalyptic
Literature, n.d.).
4
References
“Acts.” (n.d.). Pervo, R. I. (Ed.). The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Books of the Bible. Oxford
Biblical Studies Online. Accessed March 8, 2021,
http://dewey.umhb.edu:2048/login?url=http://www.oxfordbiblicalstudies.com/article/opr/
t280/e78. Library subscription resource.
“Apocalyptic Literature.” (n.d.). Metzger, B. M., Coogan, M. D., & Russell, D. S. (Eds.). The
Oxford Companion to the Bible. Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Accessed March 8,
2021,
http://dewey.umhb.edu:2048/login?url=http://www.oxfordbiblicalstudies.com/article/opr/
t120/e0049?_hi=21&_pos=2. Library subscription resource.
“Introduction to the Poetical and Wisdom Books.” (n.d.). The New Oxford Annotated Bible.
Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Accessed March 8, 2021,
http://dewey.umhb.edu:2048/login?url=http://www.oxfordbiblicalstudies.com/article/boo
k/obso-9780195288803/obso-9780195288803-sectionFrontMatter-3?_hi=8&_pos=1.
Library subscription resource.
“Introduction to the Prophetic Books.” (n.d.). The Catholic Study Bible. Oxford Biblical Studies
Online. Accessed March 8, 2021,
http://dewey.umhb.edu:2048/login?url=http://www.oxfordbiblicalstudies.com/article/boo
k/obso-9780195282801/obso-9780195282801-sectionFrontMatter-5?_hi=10&_pos=2.
Library subscription resource.
“Job.” The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and
Ethics. http://dewey.umhb.edu:2048/login?url=http://www.oxfordbiblicalstudies.com/arti
cle/opr/t430/e170?_hi=1&_pos=2
5
McKenzie, S. L. (n.d.). “Issues in the Church: Early Christian Letters.” How to Read the Bible.
Oxford Biblical Studies Online. Accessed March 8, 2021,
http://dewey.umhb.edu:2048/login?url=http://www.oxfordbiblicalstudies.com/article/boo
k/obso-9780195161496/obso-9780195161496-div1-27. Library subscription resource.
1
Theological Questions
Numbers
Isaiah
Mark
Theological
Will God keep His
What did the
Who were the
Question
promise to His
Israelites do that God
gospels written for?
covenant people?
angry with them and
How did the first
What is life with God

says they lack
audience experience
like? Have the
understanding? Why
the gospel and the
Israelites lost their
does God reject the
message? What did
faith in their loving
Israelites blood
the early church think
and patient God?
offerings? (Isaiah
about the gospel,
1:15). What is it like
according to Mark?
to reason together
Why did the
with God? (Isaiah
Sadducees and the
1:18).
Pharisees dislike
Jesus Christ? Was
Jesus Christ guilty of
death?
Main Ethical/Moral
The significance of
There exist a series of The assertion that
Issue
census for the people
social injustices,
those people who
of Israel. God orders
political and religious
lose their life for the
a census for the
issues in Israel. Once
sake of Christ will
2
Israelites in the
a faithful city has
gain it but the people
wilderness (Tebes,
become a whore, full
who seek to save
2017). Can census
of injustices and
their lives will lose it
results bring
murderers. Their
(Mark 8:35). Saving a
rebellion, dissent, and silver has become
person’s life means
social unrest?
dross, and they have
accepting
Governance,
mixed their wine with responsibilities that
leadership, and
water. Israel’s princes
benefits and affirms
resource management
have rebelled against
others, and not
in the wilderness.
God and become
judging or killing
companions with
others. Can divine
thieves (Isaiah 1:21-
benefits come from
23).
undivine ways?
Revealed About the
The book of Numbers God is righteous and
Mark reveals that
Character of God
reveals that God is a
just, which depicts
God is good all the
master planner and
His renewed
time and does not
orderly. He guided
Kingdom and people
abandon His children.
the people with
(Vlková, 2020). God
In his final moments
clouds that covered
takes the initiative to
on the cross, Jesus
the sacred tent. God
restore righteousness
Christ the Son of God
does not like people
and justice to his
cries out to his father,
who complain; all the
people, which will
asking Him why he
people who
bring life and fertility
abandoned him
3
complained did not
to the land (Isaiah
(Mark 15:34). The
enter the promised
5:16). Yahweh is
passage gives
land except Caleb
highly lifted; His
Christians insight into
and Joshua. God does
name is Holy, and He
the meaning of God’s
not quit loving His
inhabits eternity
wrath (Lucado,
people (E, n.d.). He
(Isaiah 57:15). God is
2020).
forgave the Israelites
enthroned above the
mercifully every time
Cherubim and is the
they sinned.
creator of heaven and
earth (Isaiah. 37: 16).
Regarding Jesus
God uses Balaam to
Isaiah prophesied
Mark identifies and
deliver a prophecy to
about Jesus Christ,
affirms Jesus as the
the Israelites about
the promised
promised Messiah
the promised Christ
Messiah. That the
and the son of God
(Numbers 24:2).
Messiah will die for
who was to come.
Balaam tells the
the peoples’ sins and
The gospel,
people about the
iniquities (Willis et
according to Mark,
coming Messiah, “a
al., 2018), his
gives an eye-witness
star shall come out of
punishment will bring account of Jesus’
Jacob, and a scepter
peace to the world,
mission on earth
shall rise out of
and through his
(Strauss, 2018). It
Israel” (Numbers
wounds, people are
accounts how Jesus
24:17). Balaam
healed (Isaiah 53:5).
begins his ministry
4
describes the coming
Isaiah talks a lot
by choosing the
Messiah as a blessing
about Jesus, the
twelve disciples and
to all nations.
coming Messiah, the
announcing God’s
chosen servant to
kingdom. The book
bless all the nations
affirms the authority
of the earth.
of Jesus Christ (Mark
1:13).
5
References
E. (n.d.). New Testament: Mark. Retrieved March 08, 2021, from
https://www.enterthebible.org/newtestament.aspx?rid=3
E. (n.d.). Old testament: Numbers. Retrieved March 08, 2021, from
http://www.enterthebible.org/Bible.aspx?rid=24
Lucado, M. (2020). Jesus: The God who Knows Your Name. Thomas Nelson.
Strauss, M. (2018). The Unique Purpose of Mark: The Gospel of the Servant-Messiah: Bible
Projectâ„¢. Retrieved March 08, 2021, from https://bibleproject.com/blog/mark-gospelservant-messiah/
Tebes, J. M. (2017). Desert place-names in Numbers 33: 34, Assurbanipal’s Arabian wars, and
the historical geography of the biblical wilderness toponymy. Journal of Northwest
Semitic Languages, 43(2), 65-96.
Vlková, G. I. (2020). The Strange Mission of Isaiah. In Interactions in Interpretation (pp. 6781). Brill.
Willis, J. T., Begg, C. T., Taylor, R. A., Hanneken, T. R., Hieke, T., & Urbrock, W. J. (2018).
Major Prophets. Old Testament Abstracts, 41(2), 435-454.
RECB  1301.1   DESCRIPTORS  
CATEGORIES  
Exceptional  
Mastery  
Progressing  
Needs  Improvement  
Unsatisfactory  
Summarizing  Six  
Acts  and  
Interlude  of  
Biblical  
Narrative    
The  six  acts  and  interlude  are  
summarized  superbly  with  
appropriate  details  and  clear  
transitions.  Demonstrates  an  
excellent  understanding  of  
covenants  in  the  Bible  and  
correlates  covenants  to  the  
biblical  narrative  in  an  advanced  
manner.  
The  six  acts  are  interlude  
summarized  with  sufficient  
details  and  transitions.  
Demonstrates  
understanding  of  covenants  
in  the  Bible  and  correlates  
covenants  to  the  biblical  
narrative.  
The  six  acts  and  interlude  are  
summarized  but  lack  the  
appropriate  details,  and  the  
transitions  are  unclear.  
Demonstrates  a  fair  
understanding  of  covenants  
in  the  Bible  and  fairly  
correlates  covenants  to  the  
biblical  narrative.  
Not  all  of  the  six  acts  and  
interludes  are  summarized,  
or  the  six  acts  are  not  
summarized  fully,  and  lack  
appropriate  details  and  
transitions.  Demonstrates  a  
poor  understanding  of  
covenants  in  the  Bible  and  
does  not  correlate  
covenants  to  the  biblical  
narrative.  
The  six  acts  and  interlude  
are  summarized  poorly,  or  
acts  are  missing,  and  detail  
and  transitions  are  missing.  
Does  not  demonstrate  an  
understanding  of  covenants.  
Connecting  
Bible  Books  or  
Apocrypha  to  
the  Biblical  
Narrative  
Demonstrates  full  
understanding  of  the  books  of  
the  Bible  and  connects  them  in  
an  advanced  manner  to  the  six  
acts  and  interlude  of  the  biblical  
narrative.      
Demonstrates  adequate  
understanding  of  the  books  
of  the  Bible  and  connects  
them  appropriately  to  the  
six  acts  and  interlude  of  the  
biblical  narrative.      
Demonstrates  acceptable  
understanding  of  the  books  
of  the  Bible  and  connects  
them  fairly  to  the  six  acts  and  
interlude  and  interlude  of  the  
biblical  narrative.      
Demonstrates  poor  
understanding  of  the  books  
of  the  Bible  and  connects  
them  poorly  to  the  six  acts  
and  interlude  of  the  biblical  
narrative.      
Does  not  demonstrate  
understanding  of  the  books  
of  the  Bible  and  fails  to  
connect  them  to  the  six  acts  
and  interlude  of  the  biblical  
narrative.      
Describing  
Pertinent  
Literary  
Features  of  
Relevant  
Biblical  
Literature  or  
Apocrypha  
Nearly  always,  accurately  
analyzes  the  relevant  biblical  
literature  or  Apocrypha,  makes  
observations  that  exceed  
expectations,  and  superbly  
describes  pertinent  literary  
features  for  the  writings  
pertaining  to  each  of  the  six  acts  
and  interlude  of  the  biblical  
narrative,  demonstrating  
superior  understanding  of  
biblical  literature.  
Usually,  accurately  analyzes  
the  relevant  biblical  
literature  or  Apocrypha,  
makes  appropriate  
observations,  and  describes  
pertinent  literary  features  
for  the  writings  pertaining  to  
each  of  the  six  acts  and  
interlude  of  the  biblical  
narrative,  demonstrating  
understanding  of  biblical  
literature.    
Often,  accurately  analyzes  
the  relevant  biblical  literature  
or  Apocrypha,  makes  fair  
observations,  and  fairly  
describes  pertinent  literary  
features  for  the  writings  
pertaining  to  each  of  the  six  
acts  and  interlude  of  the  
biblical  narrative,  
demonstrating  fair  
understanding  of  biblical  
literature.    
Sometimes,  accurately  
analyzes  the  relevant  biblical  
literature  or  Apocrypha,  
makes  poor  observations,  
and  poorly  describes  
pertinent  literary  features  
for  the  writings  pertaining  to  
each  of  the  six  acts  and  
interlude  of  the  biblical  
narrative,  demonstrating  
poor  understanding  of  
biblical  literature.    
Shows  no  accurate  analysis  
of  biblical  literature  or  
Apocrypha,  or  observations,  
and  does  not  describe  
literary  features  of  the  
biblical  narrative.  Does  not  
demonstrate  understanding  
of  biblical  literature.    
Describing  the  
Character  of  
God  in  the  
Biblical  
Narrative  
Makes  astute  and  substantiated  
observations  regarding  the  role,  
portrayal,  and  actions  of  God  in  
each  of  the  six  acts  and  
interlude  of  the  biblical  
narrative,  and  describes  the  
character  of  God  in  a  clear  and  
thorough  fashion  as  presented  
in  each  of  the  acts.    
Makes  sound  observations  
regarding  the  role,  
portrayal,  and  actions  of  
God  in  each  of  the  six  acts  
and  interlude  of  the  biblical  
narrative,  and  describes  the  
character  of  God  as  
presented  in  each  of  the  
acts.  
Makes  fair  observations  
regarding  the  role,  portrayal,  
and  actions  of  God  in  each  of  
the  six  acts  and  interlude  of  
the  biblical  narrative,  and  
fairly  describes  the  character  
of  God  as  presented  in  each  
of  the  acts.  
Makes  poor  observations  
regarding  the  role,  
portrayal,  and  actions  of  
God  in  each  of  the  six  acts  
and  interlude  of  the  biblical  
narrative,  and  poorly  
describes  the  character  of  
God  as  presented  in  each  of  
the  acts.  
Fails  to  make  observations  
regarding  the  role,  
portrayal,  and  actions  of  
God  in  each  of  the  six  acts  
and  interlude  of  the  biblical  
narrative,  and  describes  the  
character  of  God  in  an  
uninformed  manner  for  
each  or  some  of  the  acts.  
Describing  
Theological  
Matters  &  
Asking  
Provides  examples  of  pertinent  
theological  themes  for  each  of  
the  six  acts  and  interlude  of  the  
biblical  narrative  that  evidence  
advanced  critical  and  analytical  
thinking.  Demonstrates  
advanced  understanding  of  
theology  and  asks  relevant  
questions  that  reveal  a  high  
level  of  thinking  and  application  
of  knowledge  gathered.  
Provides  examples  of  
theological  themes  for  each  
of  the  six  acts  and  interlude  
of  the  biblical  narrative  that  
evidence  critical  and  
analytical  thinking.  
Demonstrates  
understanding  of  theology  
and  asks  relevant  questions  
that  reveal  thinking  and  
application  of  knowledge  
gathered.  
Provides  fair  examples  of  
theological  themes  for  each  
of  the  six  acts  and  interlude  
of  the  biblical  narrative.  
Demonstrates  fair  
understanding  of  theology  
and  asks  fair  questions  that  
reveal  some  thinking  and  
some  application  of  
knowledge  gathered.  
Provides  poor  examples  of  
theological  themes  for  each  
or  some  of  the  six  acts  and  
interlude  of  the  biblical  
narrative.  Demonstrates  
poor  understanding  of  
theology  and  asks  irrelevant  
questions  that  reveal  little  
thinking  and  poor  
application  of  knowledge  
gathered.  
Provides  no  examples  of  
theological  themes  for  some  
of  the  six  acts  and  interlude  
of  the  biblical  narrative.  
Does  not  demonstrate  
understanding  of  theology.  
Engaging  the  
Biblical  Story  
Superbly  aligns  personal  
experience  with  each  of  the  six  
acts  and  the  interlude,  and  
describes  his  or  her  place  in  the  
biblical  narrative  in  a  way  that  
displays  advanced  thinking  and  
understanding  of  the  material.  
Aligns  personal  experience  
with  each  of  the  six  acts  and  
the  interlude,  and  describes  
his  or  her  place  in  the  
biblical  narrative  in  a  way  
that  displays  understanding  
of  the  material.  
Fairly  aligns  personal  
experience  with  each  of  the  
six  acts  and  the  interlude,  and  
describes  his  or  her  place  in  
the  biblical  narrative  in  a  way  
that  displays  average  
understanding  of  the  
material.  
Poorly  aligns  personal  
experience  with  each  of  the  
six  acts  and  the  interlude,  
and  describes  his  or  her  
place  in  the  biblical  
narrative  in  a  way  that  
displays  poor  understanding  
of  the  material.  
Fails  to  align  personal  
experience  with  each  of  the  
six  acts  and  the  interlude,  
and/or  fails  to  describe  his  
or  her  place  in  the  biblical  
narrative  in  a  way  that  
displays  understanding  of  
the  material.  
Using  Proper  
Grammar  &  
Style  
Excellent  grammar,  spelling,  and  
punctuation;  precise  and/or  rich  
language;  use  of  strong  verbs  
and/or  appropriate  word  
choices;  sentences  are  clear  and  
precise;  final  product  exceeds  
the  level  of  creativity  expected.  
Adequate  grammar,  
spelling,  and  punctuation;  
adequate  use  of  strong  
verbs  and/or  word  choices;  
sentences  are  clear;  final  
product  shows  a  high  level  
of  creativity.  
Acceptable  grammar,  
spelling,  and  punctuation;  
acceptable  use  of  verbs  
and/or  word  choices;  
sentences  are  mostly  clear;  
final  product  shows  an  
average  level  of  creativity.  
Weak  grammar,  spelling,  
and  punctuation;  weak  use  
of  verbs  and/or  word  
choices;  sometimes  
sentences  are  unambiguous  
and  appropriately  precise.  
But  too  many  ambiguities  
persist;  final  product  shows  
a  low  level  of  creativity.  
Poor  grammar,  spelling,  and  
punctuation  (i.e.,  no  
evidence  of  proofreading).  
Sentences  are  insufficiently  
clear  or  precise  throughout.  
The  final  product  is  of  
unacceptable  quality  and  
lacks  creativity.                

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