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APA Formatting Exercise
(12 points total)
Learning Objectives:
• Cite empirical articles in APA style.
Purpose & Description:
• The APA (American Psychological Association) style of writing is widely used by
scholars within the field of behavioral and social science. The purpose of this exercise is
to help you learn the rules of APA.
Directions:
1. Review the general APA guidelines below (additional information on how to cite in APA
can be found at:
https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_g
uide/in_text_citations_author_authors.html).
2. Identify the source that is properly cited in APA style.
Review the general APA guideline for in-text citations (should appear at the end of the
sentence):
If one author:
(Author’s last name, Year of publication)
If two authors:
(First author’s last name & second author’s last name, Year of publication)
If more than two authors, write “et. al.” after the first author’s last name
(First author’s last name et al., year of publication)
Select the source that is properly cited in APA style:
1. Consider the following information:
Author: Pia Duncan
Publication year: 2021
Which of the following is properly cited in APA style?
a. (Duncan, P., 2021)
b. (Duncan, 2021)
c. (2021, Duncan)
Your answer: ________
2. Consider the following information:
First author: Pia Duncan
Second author: Jennifer Wiley
Publication year: 2021
Which of the following is properly cited in APA style?
a. (Duncan & Wiley, 2021)
b. (Pia Duncan & Jennifer Wiley, 2021)
c. (Duncan and Wiley, 2021)
Your answer: _________
3. Consider the following information:
First author: Pia Duncan
Second author: Jennifer Wiley
Third author: Carol Huynh
Publication year: 2021
Which of the following is properly cited in APA style?
a. (Duncan et al., 2021)
b. (2021, Duncan, Wiley, & Huynh)
c. (Duncan, Wiley, & Huynh, 2021)
Your answer: _________
NOTE: This page is for your information only:
Here is the general APA guideline for referencing sources as a sentence.
If one author:
According to Duncan (2021), students enrolled in the online criminology at North Carolina
Central University course are excellent writers.
If two authors:
According to Duncan and Wiley (2021), students enrolled in the online criminology course at
North Carolina Central University are excellent writers.
If more than two authors:
According to Duncan, Wiley, and Huynh (2021), students enrolled in the online criminology
course at North Carolina Central University are excellent writers.
Review the general APA guideline for formatting your reference list:
Last name, First & Middle initials. (Year of publication). Title of the article is lower case except
for first word and proper nouns: Words after the colon is lower case except for first word
and proper nouns. Journal Title is Capitalized and in Italics, volume number in
italics(issue number), the range of page numbers.
Select the source that is properly cited in APA style:
1.
a.
Beneby, D. R. (2018). Examining the Gendered Effects of Intensive Supervision Programs on
Juvenile Probation Outcomes. justice policy journal, 16(2), 1-22.
b.
Darren R. Beneby. (2018). Examining the gendered effects of intensive supervision programs on
juvenile probation outcomes. Justice Policy Journal, 16(2), 1-22.
c.
Beneby, D. R. (2018). Examining the gendered effects of intensive supervision programs on
juvenile probation outcomes. Justice Policy Journal, 16(2), 1-22.
d.
Beneby, D. R. (2018). Examining the gendered effects of intensive supervision programs on
juvenile probation outcomes. Justice Policy Journal, 16(2), 1-22.
Your answer here: _________________
2.
a.
Pryce, D. K., Wilson, G., & Fuller, K. (2018). Gender, age, crime victimization, and fear of
crime: Findings from a sample of Kenyan College students. Security Journal, 31(4), 821840.
b.
Pryce, D. K., Wilson, G., & Fuller, K. (2018). Gender, age, crime victimization, and fear of
crime: Findings from a sample of Kenyan College students. Security Journal, 31(4), 821840.
c.
Pryce, D. K., Wilson, G., & Fuller, K. (2018). Gender, age, crime victimization, and fear of
crime: Findings from a sample of Kenyan College students. Security Journal, 31(4), 821840.
d.
Pryce, D. K., Wilson, G., & Fuller, K. (2018). Gender, Age, Crime Victimization, And Fear Of
Crime: Findings From A Sample Of Kenyan College Students. security journal, 31(4),
821-840.
Your answer: ____________
Review the general guidelines for formatting your reference page:
Reference list appears on a new page at the end of your paper. The word “References” is bolded
and centered at the top of the page. The list of sources is alphabetized by the first author’s last
name. All text should be double-spaced.
(NOTE: Assume the 1-inch margin rule is met for the following format options)
Select the page that is properly formatted in APA style:
a.
References
Archbold, C. A., & Schulz, D. M. (2008). Making rank: The lingering effects of tokenism on
female police officers’ promotion aspirations. Police Quarterly, 11(1), 50-73.
Williams, T., Pryce, D. K., Clark, T., & Wilfong, H. (2020). The benefits of criminal justice
internships at a historically black university: An analysis of site supervisors’ evaluations
of interns’ professional development. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 31(1), 124140.
Grant, L., & Pryce, D. K. (2020). Procedural justice, obligation to obey, and cooperation with
police in a sample of Jamaican citizens. Police Practice and Research, 21(4), 368-382.
Huynh, C., Robinson, C., Mrozla, T., Dahle, T. O., Archbold, C. A., & Marcel, A. (2019). New
faces in a new place: Long-time residents’ perceptions of new residents in an oil
boomtown in the Bakken oil shale region. Deviant Behavior, 40(8), 992-1006.
Lytle, D. J., & Randa, R. (2015). The effects of police satisfaction on fear of crime in a semirural
setting. International Criminal Justice Review, 25(4), 301-317.
b.
References
Archbold, C. A., & Schulz, D. M. (2008). Making rank: The lingering effects of tokenism on
female police officers’ promotion aspirations. Police Quarterly, 11(1), 50-73.
Grant, L., & Pryce, D. K. (2020). Procedural justice, obligation to obey, and cooperation with
police in a sample of Jamaican citizens. Police Practice and Research, 21(4), 368-382.
Huynh, C., Robinson, C., Mrozla, T., Dahle, T. O., Archbold, C. A., & Marcel, A. (2019). New
faces in a new place: Long-time residents’ perceptions of new residents in an oil
boomtown in the Bakken oil shale region. Deviant Behavior, 40(8), 992-1006.
Lytle, D. J., & Randa, R. (2015). The effects of police satisfaction on fear of crime in a semirural
setting. International Criminal Justice Review, 25(4), 301-317.
Williams, T., Pryce, D. K., Clark, T., & Wilfong, H. (2020). The benefits of criminal justice
internships at a historically black university: An analysis of site supervisors’ evaluations
of interns’ professional development. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 31(1), 124140.
c.
REFERENCES
Archbold, C. A., & Schulz, D. M. (2008). Making rank: The lingering effects of tokenism on
female police officers’ promotion aspirations. Police Quarterly, 11(1), 50-73.
Grant, L., & Pryce, D. K. (2020). Procedural justice, obligation to obey, and cooperation with
police in a sample of Jamaican citizens. Police Practice and Research, 21(4), 368-382.
Huynh, C., Robinson, C., Mrozla, T., Dahle, T. O., Archbold, C. A., & Marcel, A. (2019). New
faces in a new place: Long-time residents’ perceptions of new residents in an oil
boomtown in the Bakken oil shale region. Deviant Behavior, 40(8), 992-1006.
Lytle, D. J., & Randa, R. (2015). The effects of police satisfaction on fear of crime in a semirural
setting. International Criminal Justice Review, 25(4), 301-317.
Williams, T., Pryce, D. K., Clark, T., & Wilfong, H. (2020). The benefits of criminal justice
internships at a historically black university: An analysis of site supervisors’ evaluations
of interns’ professional development. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 31(1), 124140.
d.
said they enjoyed their time at North Carolina Central University.
In conclusion, students who were enrolled in the online criminology course at North
Carolina Central University were (a) well-prepared for advanced courses in criminal justice, (b)
confident in their ability to meet the Criminal Justice degree requirements, and (c) able to obtain
higher grades as compared to students not enrolled in the online criminology course.
References
Archbold, C. A., & Schulz, D. M. (2008). Making rank: The lingering effects of tokenism on
female police officers’ promotion aspirations. Police Quarterly, 11(1), 50-73.
Grant, L., & Pryce, D. K. (2020). Procedural justice, obligation to obey, and cooperation with
police in a sample of Jamaican citizens. Police Practice and Research, 21(4), 368-382.
Huynh, C., Robinson, C., Mrozla, T., Dahle, T. O., Archbold, C. A., & Marcel, A. (2019). New
faces in a new place: Long-time residents’ perceptions of new residents in an oil
boomtown in the Bakken oil shale fegion. Deviant Behavior, 40(8), 992-1006.
Lytle, D. J., & Randa, R. (2015). The effects of police satisfaction on fear of crime in a semirural
setting. International Criminal Justice Review, 25(4), 301-317.
Williams, T., Pryce, D. K., Clark, T., & Wilfong, H. (2020). The benefits of criminal justice
internships at a historically black university: An analysis of site supervisors’ evaluations
of interns’ professional development. Journal of Criminal Justice Education, 31(1), 124140.
Your answer: ____________

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