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Create an outline for your paper by choosing arguments from the supporting arguments listed on
Classwork 11 (or any other arguments). Which 4-5 arguments can best support your position? Indicate
the most effective presentation of these arguments. Which argument should come first, second, third in
your paper? Why would you choose this order?
Supporting Arguments for Body
Why does this argument belong first, second, third etc.?
Supporting Arguments for Guided Research Paper
1) Consider this list of arguments that have emerged from our readings on artificial intelligence. First, read through the list and see if you can identify
which argument came from which article(s). (2 points each, 24 points)
●
●
●
●
●
●
“Who Is Making Sure the A.I. Machines Aren’t Racist?,” by Case Metz.
“7 Revealing Ways AIs Fail,” by Charles Q. Choi.
“Artificial Intelligence Will Do What We Ask. That’s a Problem,” by Natalie Wolchover.
“The AI We Should Fear Is Already Here,” by Daron Acemoglu.
“If You Don’t Trust A.I. Yet, You’re Not Wrong,” by Frank Pasquale and Gianclaudio Malgieri.
“Why is the US following the EU’s lead on artificial intelligence regulation?,” by Adam Thierer.
There are multiple correct answers for some supporting arguments!! I will accept any correct response.
This claim supports
the argument that
aritfical
intelligence is
useful or
necessary.
1
This claims supports Which article discusses this
the argument that
idea? Use the author’s last
artifical intelligence name.
is dangerous or
problematic.
X
Metz
In her frustration, she picked up the white mask from her desk
and pulled it over her head. Before it was all the way on, the
system recognized her face – or, at least, it recognized the mask.
2
Artificial intelligence could perform more quickly,
accurately, reliably, and impartially than humans on a wide
range of problems, from detecting cancer to deciding who
receives an interview for a job.
3
Almost all of the progress in artificial intelligence to date
has little to do with the imagined Artificial General
Intelligence; instead, it has concentrated on narrow tasks.
X
Choi
X
Acemoglu
4
The big thinkers of tech say A.I. is the future. It will underpin
everything from search engines and email to the software that
drives our cars, directs the policing of our streets and helps
create our vaccines.
5
Narrow AI is already displacing workers.
X
Acemoglu
6
But it is being built in a way that replicates the biases of the almost
entirely male, predominantly white work force making it.
X
Wolchover
7
These results suggest that AI might be surprisingly good at
inferring our mindsets and preferences, even as we learn
them on the fly.
8
Tesla crashes have dented the dream of self-driving cars.
Mysterious algorithms predict job applicants’ performance
based on little more than video interviews.
X
Malgieri
9
The EU’s approach will make it particularly difficult for
startups to develop groundbreaking AI services.
X
Thierer
10
Previous research suggested that state-of-the-art AIs could
draw logical inferences about the world with up to roughly
90 percent accuracy, suggesting they were making progress
at achieving common sense.
X
Malgieri
11
To avoid these pitfalls and potentially solve the AI
alignment problem, researchers have begun to develop an
entirely new method of programming beneficial machines.
X
Wolchover
12
America should instead welcome European companies,
workers and investors looking for a more hospitable place to
launch bold new AI innovations.
X
Thierer
X
Metz
X
Wolchover
13
14
The list of prohibited A.I. uses is not comprehensive enough
– for example, many forms of nonconsensual A.I.-driven
emotion recognition, mental health diagnoses, ethnicity
attribution and lie detection should also be banned.
The nascent A.I. industry, it had become clear, needed minders and
people with different perspectives.
X
Pasquale
X
Metz
15
The key to competitive advantage in AI will be openness to
entrepreneurialism, investment and talent, plus a flexible
governance framework to address risks.
X
Thierer
16
The second challenge is that human preferences change. Our
minds change over the course of our lives, and they also
change on a dime, depending on our mood or on altered
circumstances that a robot might struggle to pick up on.
X
Wolchover
17
This was an example of catastrophic forgetting—the
tendency of an AI to entirely and abruptly forget information
it previously knew after learning new information,
essentially overwriting past knowledge with new knowledge.
X
Choi
18
AI governance proposals are also developing rapidly, with
the EU proposing an aggressive regulatory approach to add
to its already-onerous regulatory regime.
X
Thierer
19
AI enables much better monitoring of workers – for example,
in warehouses, fast-food restaurants and the delivery
business.
X
Wolchover
20
…biases embedded in the data on which these AIs are
trained can result in automated discrimination en masse,
posing immense risks to society.
X
Metz
21
…there is a risk of discrimination or lack of fair process in
sensitive areas of evaluation, including education,
employment, social assistance and credit scoring.
X
Metz
22
A major aspect of the problem is that humans often don’t
know what goals to give our AI systems, because we don’t
know what we really want.
X
Wolchover
23
Some economists think fears of automation and AI
displacing workers are overblown. They argue that as work
becomes more AI-automated, the resulting productivity
gains will spearhead labor demand in other parts of the
economy…
24
I saw an old problem – part technological and part sociological finally breaking into the open.
25
Real technological advance depends on respect for
fundamental rights, ensuring safety and banning particularly
treacherous uses of artificial intelligence.
X
Acemoglu
X
X
Choi
Pasquale
2) By this point, you should have a perspective you could argue for this guided argument paper. What do you think about the dangers or limitations of
artificial intelligence? (5 points)
Exorbitant Fees
It is a significant accomplishment to design a computer system that is capable of imitating human intellect. It takes a significant amount of time
and energy, and there is the potential for significant financial investment. Because it must use the most recent technology and software to remain current
and fulfill the most recent criteria, artificial intelligence (AI) is highly expensive.
Without any originality
One of the most significant limitations of artificial intelligence is that it is unable to learn how to think creatively. Artificial intelligence can learn
over time from the facts and experiences it has been given in the past, but it cannot be creative in its approach. A well-known example of this is the bot
Quill, which can generate income reports for Forbes. These reports only include information that was previously given to the bot, such as statistics and
facts. Although the fact that a bot can independently compose an article is amazing, the article in question lacks the human touch that is evident in other
Forbes pieces.
Make Humans Lazy
The bulk of laborious and repetitive work may now be automated thanks to apps powered by AI. Because we do not need to commit information
to memory or figure out complex riddles to complete the task at hand, we tend to engage our brains less and less. This addiction to artificial intelligence
may pose challenges for future generations.
A Lack of Ethics
It may be challenging to imbue artificial intelligence with ethics and morals, despite the significance of these human qualities. The fast advancement
of artificial intelligence has prompted several people to express fear that one day, AI would develop uncontrollably and finally eradicate mankind. The
term “the AI singularity” refers to this particular point in time.
Emotionless
Since we were very young, we’ve been led to believe that neither computers nor other types of technology can have emotions. The management of
teams is vital to the accomplishment of objectives since humans work together to accomplish tasks. However, although it is undeniable that robots
perform more efficiently than people, it is also a fact that human relationships, which are the foundation of teams, cannot be replicated by computers.
Despite this, there is no doubting that robots outperform humans.
No Improvement
Because it is a technology that is built on pre-loaded information and experience, artificial intelligence is something that humans are unable to
produce. Artificial intelligence is good at doing the same thing over and over again, but if we want any tweaks or enhancements, we have to manually
change the programs. Artificial intelligence cannot be accessed and exploited in the same manner as human intellect, but it is capable of storing a
limitless amount of data. If machines are expected to do work that was not designed or programmed for them, they usually fail or deliver outcomes that
are of no value, which may have severe adverse impacts. Machines can only carry out the tasks for which they have been constructed or programmed.
Because of this, we are unable to produce anything that is considered standard.
3) Now consider your own subject position. How can you introduce your position and this issue using your own personal experience (if you have any
experience with artificial intelligence; consider whether any of the examples resonate with your own experience) or a specific recent event or story that
you are concerned about? (6 points)
Unemployment
A robot is one example of an application of artificial intelligence, which is leading to the displacement of jobs and an increase in unemployment
(in a few cases). As a consequence of this, others argue that there is always a possibility of unemployment as a consequence of chatbots and robots
replacing people. For instance, in certain more technologically sophisticated countries, such as Japan, robots are widely used in industrial firms to
replace human resources. One such country is the United States. This is not always the case, however, given that it simultaneously generates new
employment possibilities for people while also displacing people to achieve greater levels of productivity.

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